Your car engine is defective if it’s getting less than 100 miles per gallon. There is vacuum and other technology, that is fairly old, which has been excluded from today’s engine manufacturing so that people will need to buy more fuel and pay for more maintenance on their car engines than necessary.

The fuel injection technology was developed by the car manufacturers when people began discovering that the carburetor could be modified to give engines an efficiency of more than 1,000 miles per gallon. In fact, it was the car manufacturers that discovered this through their own research. Yes, that is more than one thousand, not just one hundred. I’m not going to discus this because the vast majority of cars people are using now have fuel injection and the carburetor research is fairly easy to find.

The fuel injection system we use today involves a “throttle body” and this along with the spark plug specifications and the positive crankcase ventilation or “PCV” valve can be modified (upgraded) to give gas engines, at least double the efficiency they are now getting. We should be getting at least 100 miles per gallon by simply correcting what the manufacturer deliberately did not build into the engine.

I’ll bet you never thought that your car engine was manufactured defectively, but I’ll bet it will really set your head spinning when you realize that it was deliberate. I’m not technically inclined on this subject, so I must include a detailed explanation from one of the inventors himself, Ron Hatton. Here is how he explains it.

In March of 2009, while speaking with a pilot who holds several records for fuel efficiency in flight who was describing the turbulence over his wings, I had an idea. If I could make that kind of action occur inside an engine, something good would happen. Almost immediately, the shape and location popped inside my head, accompanied by an energy that made it impossible for me to do anything but apply this modification.

Beginning with a 2000 Land Rover, we began to find it working to enhance combustion characteristics across all gasoline engines. Now, more than three years later, this technology has spread to more than 20 nations and is in almost every state in the union.

Basically, what we have discovered is the shape or a “groove” that I call “The Gadgetman Groove”. It has a profound effect on the naturally occurring pressure curve inside the intake manifold in such a way as to reduce the pressure available as the fuel is delivered to the cylinder. This reduction in pressure has the added effect of increasing the quantity of fuel that is in vapor state at the point of ignition.

Fuel that is normally burned in the exhaust (so-called “Waste Fuel”) is given what it needs to burn inside the engine, enabling tremendous increases in fuel efficiency and all that means to an engine AND the environment.

The normal process of the intake cycle generates a condition of reduced pressure inside the intake manifold. This is called “Vacuum” and represents anything below normal atmospheric pressure and is measured in Inches of Mercury (Hg). As an engine ages, the seals that create this vacuum deteriorate (ring wear, broken lines, dried and cracking diaphragms). As the vacuum drops, so does the efficiency of your engine.

This is because of a little considered scientific law called The Law of Standard Temperature and Pressure” or “The Ideal Gas Lawwhich, simply stated, is “At a standard pressure and a standard temperature, fluid X requires Y amount of BTU’s to change states.” As it applies to us here in the world of fuel efficiency, if you reduce the pressure on a liquid, it will vaporize at a lower relative temperature.

Why is Pressure Important?

Gasoline is a liquid. Oxygen is a vapor. You cannot mix the two under normal conditions. They must both be in the same state to blend (liquid to liquid, vapor to vapor). As you will never see the amount of pressure inside an engine necessary to liquefy oxygen, you can forget that approach. BUT! Since there is already a vacuum present, you CAN enhance the wave already present, providing the conditions appropriate for blending the fuel with the oxygen, a prerequisite for combustion.

What’s a “Normal” Vacuum?

Normal engine vacuum is considered “ideal” at about 17” Hg. But, as we discussed earlier, this is just a figure, and all engines will have different values here, as will the temperature-to a greater or lesser degree. It is the vacuum (in conjunction with the manifold temperature) that causes some of the fuel vaporization, enabling the fuel to burn faster at the point of ignition. These vapors, when ignited, then supply the BTU’s the rest of the fuel compounds require to vaporize, so they may complete the combustion process. Combustion will continue until either the fuel or the oxygen is depleted to the point it will not support further combustion. Unfortunately, the fuel we are given today to run our engines burns so slowly that most of it is consumed in the catalytic converter.

The raw (un-combusted) fuel is held up there, coming into contact with certain heavy metals which, when heated, allows the fuel to burn (or catalyze) leaving compounds less harmful to the environment than the raw fuel. In summary, the catalytic converter burns what is considered to be “Waste Fuel” (the fuel the engine can not consume -under “normal” conditions.)

Therefore, if you want to increase the rate of combustion (and clean up your emissions!) you have to be able to reduce the amount of fuel in the exhaust. The best way to do this is to change the conditions on which the computer bases its fuel delivery. Simply, burn more of the fuel (and the oxygen!) in the combustion chamber. The only way to do that is to get it to mix better with the oxygen, and the BEST way to do that: vaporize more of the fuel!

The core problem is that liquid fuel must evaporate to burn completely. Combustion happens so fast that the fuel cannot evaporate completely, resulting in un-combusted fuel being sent to the catalytic converter. This is where the emissions are processed, and where the computer takes most of the information which it uses as the basis for its calculations to determine the fuel requirements.

He is not specific here, but this involves modifying the throttle body. The throttle body is the part of the air intake system that controls the amount of air flowing into the engine, it looks something like this:

Once you’ve modified the throttle body, you will want to further increase your engine’s efficiency by capping off the positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve and then modifying your spark plug gaps beyond the manufacturer’s specifications.

I’m going going to get into all of that detail, you can read it for yourself via this link:

My point is writing this article is to explain that the corporations that are supposed to serve people, have instead by serving their owners at our expense. We can stop this, and we can do it in a way that everyone benefits, even the owners and their customers (us).

It’s not enough that, for example, the throttle body isn’t made properly, but there are mechanisms in your car that deliberately help to waste fuel, such as the O2 sensors. These sensors prevent you from improving the gas mileage using a technique such as modifying the throttle body, or changing your spark plug gaps. In fact, the specifications for spark plug gaps also keep your spark plugs from operating in the most efficient way possible. Of course I’m not a mechanic and people will criticize what I’m saying here, but at least check it out for yourself and don’t take my word for it.



In this plasma reactor, or “fuel processor”, the incoming fuel goes in the opposition direction to outgoing exhaust in a chamber that surrounds the fuel, heating up the fuel. In the middle of this exchange chamber is a rod of a certain composition and length, which takes on magnetic polarity. Supposedly as the fuel encounters these conditions, by the time it exits past the rod, it turns to a plasma state, at a relatively low temperature, and the fuel molecules are broken down into their most elemental state, creating a new fuel state.

This new state burns more completely, with little or no emissions. Its properties are different than what petrol products (i.e. implosion rather than explosion). It’s this plasma phenomenon that explains why a wide range of substances can be fed into the reactor as fuel, such as wasted cooking oil or wasted engine oil. This engine will also operate a crude oil, yes, unprocessed oil from an oil well. It’s similar to what a plasma arc does in a municipal waste-to-energy plant, except this operates on a very small scale. Specifically, a converted generator can produce between 5kW and 250kW.

The following is an image of the conversion kit components:

Fuel Processor Kit

The kit comes with all parts needed to make a basic reactor including the rods for all three application positions. They are constructed of 304 Stainless Steel. Laser cutting assures precise joints and machine welds means solid joints. After the fitting is complete, it’s only necessary to drill four 4 holes and make 11 spot welds to have a lightweight heavy duty plasma reactor.

The following is a diagram of how the technology functions.

There are of course limitless applications for this system. Consider what the oil industry has created in terms of opportunities for new technology or new uses of the same technology and fuel from sustainable sources. Furthermore, once the modifications are completed, on a standard generator for example, there are little or no pollutants that require the system to operate outside or in a well-ventilated area. In fact, this system can operate in small cement enclosure where noise pollution can be greatly reduced.

It seems best to operate this system at the same locations where there is a steady supply of waste oils, such as near restaurants.

The following is an illustration of how a lawnmower would be retrofitted:

TechNavio’s analysts forecast the global diesel and gas generator market to reach $16.5 Billion by 2016. One of the key factors to this market growth is the increasing concern over the energy deficit. The global diesel and gas generator market has been witnessing the development of the next-generation generators. However, the need to comply with government regulations and guidelines could pose a challenge to the growth of this market.

It is possible to purchase basic generators at very low cost, but moderate volume, and have them modified using the plasma reactor. One supplier is and you can find a range of generators at:

The wood gas generator market is present mainly in the United States and Canada in North America; Finland, Norway, Germany, the United Kingdom and Sweden in Europe; Japan and Korea in the Asia Pacific region; South Africa and Brazil in the Rest of the World.

The increasing demand for energy, lesser emission as compared to the petroleum fuels and uneven distribution of oil and gas reserves are the major drivers for the wood gas generator market. The problems associated with the transportation and storage of the woods and charcoals are the major restraints to the wood gas generator market. The large amount of forest cover in the untapped market of South American and Central African countries can act as opportunities for the wood gas generator market.

Wood gas generators may be a competitor for the fuel processor. The increasing demand for energy has created concerns for the government to supply life line energy to all its citizens. Presently, the scientists are working on either developing or designing such systems that can convert the waste, timber or charcoal into useful energy sources with lesser carbon emission. These systems will not only generate energy but will also help in achieving the goal of reduced global carbon footprints. The wood gas generator is a type of generator that meets the above requirements. The wood gas generator can be used to convert the charcoal or timber into wood gas or syngas. The wood gas that is formed by the help of wood gas generator is a type of a syngas consisting of carbon monoxide, nitrogen, hydrogen and methane. The increasing temperature due to emission of green house gases coupled with the increasing demand for energy can have positive impact on the wood gas generator market.

In my opinion, this only helps to create acceptance for the fuel processor/plasma reactor modified generators.

Industry Analysis by Country


There are no threats to new entrants. NAFTA has paved the way for smooth trade with Mexico. Additionally, Mexico’s electricity industry is booming. The Mexican government estimates the need for total investment in the industry to be $50 billion over the next ten years. They estimate the need for an additional 26,000 megawatts over the next eight years. One advisor to Mexico’s Energy Secretary said that over 50% of the investment in the industry over the next 10 years is expected to come from the private sector. He added that reforms to be put before Congress this fall may increase that number significantly.4

In this fertile market, firm rivalry will be significant. This industry is growing rapidly and Mexico’s market is ready. It will be important to get in first and establish a market share. There will be numerous competitors, primarily from the U.S. and Canada. In the beginning as companies follow slightly different lines of development, there will be some product differentiation which will taper over time.

Threats of substitute products include other form of energy production including wind, solar, and grid supplied power. With utilities being privatized, grid power may pose a serious threat to general consumer acceptance of this product limiting the market of this product to critical systems and rural applications. In the rural applications wind and solar power may provide formidable competition.


Brazil is currently having a major energy crisis due to the most severe drought in seventy years. Over 90% of Brazil’s power comes from hydroelectric dams. Reservoirs that should be over half after the rainy season are instead only a quarter full. The government is requiring electricity consumption cutbacks of 15-25% and doubling rates charged for electricity. Violators who fail to cut back will be punished with fines of up to 200% of utilities cost and subject to having power cut for up to six days. This amid unreliable, overtaxed grids leading to random blackouts. This has likely served as a wake up call that will inspire many Brazilians to look beyond the dam for other sources power. In fact many companies in Brazil are generating their own power.

Due to the intensity of the electricity shortage, there is stiff competition in Brazil. EnergyWorks, a division of Iberdrola S.A., a Spanish utility, has been engaged by several companies. EnergyWorks builds 5 Megawatt mini-powerplants on company grounds. They are expensive and require a commitment to buying electricity for 16-18 years. In view of recent economic instability in Brazil, many companies are not willing to make such a long term commitment.

Threats of substitute products include alternate means of power supply. Brazil has existing electricity supply to combat the current shortfall however there is no infrastructure in place to carry the excess supply to the heavily populated urban areas where the shortfall exists. In view of the current situation, Brazil has plans to create that infrastructure. Officials estimate that it will take about two years to close the gap between existing power supply and high need areas.


Thailand is experiencing an electricity glut. While worldwide electricity reserves are required to be at 15% by international standard, Thailand’s reserves are at 40%. The Electricity Generation Authority of Thailand (Egat) is asking independent power providers who have not yet signed contracts to postpone supply until 2007. They had been planning to provide power starting in 2004. Egat claims that reserves are sufficient to last until 2006 and that is without considering power that Egat is obliged to purchase from plants in Laos and Malaysia.

Despite the electricity glut in Thailand, there is still a market for power generation in critical systems. However, recent economic hardship and underdevelopment make rural customers in Thailand unlikely.

The overzealous power grid in Thailand poses the greatest single threat to sales of on-site systems. With an abundance of electricity the need for on-site generation will appear to be minimal.


As a part of joining the European Union (EU), Greece has been forced to abolish its state run monopoly on the production and distribution of electricity. Additionally, in an effort to meet the objectives agreed to in the Kyoto Treaty, the EU requires that no later than 2010 a minimum of 12% of electricity will be produced using renewable energy. In fact, renewable energy is the main focus of Greece’s energy policy. In 1998, Greece approved 10 wind-energy projects and 25 hydro-electric projects and forecasted a 400% increase in the amount of electricity produced using renewable energy sources. Also, as part of the EU effort to create a single integrated infrastructure, Greece and Italy have recently joined their respective electricity grids by way of a high-voltage DC cable under the Adriatic Sea.

In Europe there is much emphasis on unification between EU countries. This would likely lead to preferential treatment being given to EU based competitors. In a separate study of the aerospace and defense industry an example of this behavior was cited where Raytheon lost a contract for air-to-air missiles to an unproven start-up cross-border European missile company.

The greatest threat is by alternative methods of producing electricity. Greece seems to have sound energy policy as it plans its use of renewable energy sources and its integration with other EU countries.

Some issues such as the bargaining power of buyers and suppliers are common in all countries.

The bargaining power of buyers is significant with large buyers such as the government or universities with medical and computing centers. These buyers would likely be sensitive to price.

The bargaining power of suppliers will relate to companies that emerge as industry leaders and are able to achieve economies of scale. There are currently many companies in the development stages in the United States, Canada, and Europe. Eventually, the number of competitors will decrease and the product will move toward being a commodity. There are already signs of that happening with the PEM component as Dupont and 3M enter the market as major production players.

Country Selection Summary

During the market research phase it became apparent that this product will serve a niche market. Unlike fuel cells used to power cars, stationary power generation units serve essentially two markets. The first is where reliability is paramount such as in hospitals, computer facilities, and emergency services. Secondly is the market of eclectic cabin dwellers far from any grid. All of the countries have the former while probably none have much of the latter. So what rationale is best in selecting only two of the countries? One investment publication put it this way:

“All it would take to stir up a frenzy for fuel cell stocks is a cold winter, a further increase in oil or natural gas prices and/or a major conflict in the Middle East. Any sign of the oil/utility markets having serious turbulence would make the nascent fuel cell industry seem like a quick-fix solution, when in reality it remains a long-term potential play.”6

This analysis of investing in the industry is helpful in determining which markets are best for this product. Using the same logic, the market with the most turmoil around the electricity industry, where electricity is either scarce or unreliable would make the best place to enter the market. Emotion is an unavoidable and even useful part of the buying process. Emotion is the main differentiating factor in looking at the needs of customers in the four countries. While all critical applications need on-site generation, a sense of urgency toward purchasing such a system will be strongest in areas with troubled power supply.

Thailand can be ruled out first because there is an abundance of electricity and no indication of it being problematic.

Second to be ruled out is Greece where increased integration with EU neighbors will strengthen their grid which at this time shows no signs of stress. Additionally, growing ties with European neighbors would likely make competing more difficult.

Among the four choices Brazil is currently the country with the most severe electricity supply problems. Despite economic problems, the crisis around the sector will create more potential buyers. In fact, on-site power generation with PEM based generators may provide sufficient supplementation to grid power while serving as backup for critical systems. And the cost would be significantly less than the alternative 5 megawatt mini-powerplants provided by EnergyWorks.

Finally, Mexico’s proximity to the U.S. and unity under NAFTA make it a good choice. Mexico’s open invitation to investment in the sector is also a plus. Mexico has seen the power woes of its close neighbor, California, and will likely try anything to avoid the same fate.

Having considered such things as the current electricity supply situation and surrounding emotional factors as well as barriers and competition, Mexico and Brazil seem the better choices as target markets.


There are many ways to generate energy outside of the standard energy/electrical grid. This presentation is limited to one device but provides a list of examples as to how it can be used in a business and investment model. I’ve chosen the “Green Steam”, Steam Engine as a means of producing energy on a community scale.

The reason I chose this is because it’s already in production. It was not in production when I first began studying it so this is really good news and unusual from what I’ve seen for similar devices in recent years. Please take a moment to review the manufacturer’s website:

The basics of the invention is that it’s an axial piston fluid engine having single-acting cylinders incorporating swivel-joint attachment of the cylinders to rotary control valves wherein straight-line piston movement is established for the elimination of side forces on the pistons. The pistons and the control valves are connected to a common wobble drive member and arranged in geometry of lever positions to co-actively time the drive fluid into and out of the cylinders intermittently.

A basic mid-size engine could start at a suggested price of $499. to $1500. depending on the size. Added accessories could fill out a complete system that could sell for between $2500. to $10,000. depending on the size. The accessory package could include a generator, a water distiller, an inverter, a battery, a pump, a boiler and a choice of burners that use different fuels. A steam engine electrical generating system is exactly the same as a windmill system, therefore, no new technology needs to be developed for that part of the system. Boilers are very old well established products. However, new, small boilers dedicated to steam engine technology will need enhanced designing and updating. Simple and inexpensive boilers are prolific on Youtube and the Internet.

The steam engine can be assembled by people with little training. We can use this example for a business plan in order to prepare some of the elements of the plan for our purposes, and notice that the example plan involves the assembly of a renewable energy device. We just have a different one.

The system I’m wanting to build includes a boiler and a solar concentrator such as a Fresnel Lens mounted in a frame that tracks the sun with a heliotrope. The heat can be absorbed into a heat exchanger to produce hot water and pressured guided into the boiler. The heat can be regulated enough to produce heat energy to power the steam engine and generate electricity and hot water.

Cash flow could come from leasing the apparatus to communities and maintenance agreements. One very possible parts supplier is who can deliver items we need in high volume/low cost. We will need a marketing plan to go with a completed business plan, and we should decide on financing at some point. Maybe we can put the cash up front, but it’s still a good idea to obtain financing.

A Green Steam Engine system can offset the electrical and heating needs (reduce the load) of a small community, business, or small group of homes, such as in groups of 4 or 6 for each system. This system can also produce hydrogen for energy storage to be used during periods where there is little or no sunlight.