NET METERING & FEED-IN-TARIFF PLANS
Let’s begin with your home. Here is a list of changes you can make that will immediately reduce the load of your power consumption. You can do one or more and see dramatic results.
Reduce the Load
Install a Radiant Barrier System in the Attic
Replace lighting with LED Lighting for all fixtures
Add / Replace / Upgrade Insulation, replace worn seals around doors and windows
Install Low Emissivity Windows
Double Water Heater Volume, build passive solar heating system, insulate heavily
Replace Dryer with Hydronic Dryer (safemate) or drying room / rack / clothes line with desiccant and dehumidifier that you design for your space
Replace Central AC Units and air handlers with ductless wall units
Replace dishwasher with cabinets or shelving
Replace Range/Oven with two-level Stone or Cement Counter Top and Induction Cooktop and Infrared Oven
Use wood fired grill, biomass briquettes, or solar oven more frequently for meals
Replace toilets with high efficiency or composting brands (Biolet®)
Install Aluminum Pipe Solar Air Heating System when heating air during daylight hours
Install separate breaker box for high load appliances, dryer, refrigerator/freezer, with battery bank, and renewable energy generator (list of options)
Upgrade to more efficient fixtures and appliances
Geothermal radiant floor heating system with PEX tubing
Increase Power Generation via renewable systems
1. Battery Bank, Controller / Inverter
2. Magnetic Generator
3. Photovoltaic Panels
4. Wind Turbine, BlueEnergy Solar PV Wind Turbine, Energy Ball
5. borosilicate evacuated tube array for water heating, or use black metal tank or PVC pipe system in sunlight
Gas Engine Car/Truck
There is a simple way to significantly improve the combustion in normally-aspirated gasoline engines. It requires a Dremel tool to cut a groove of specific dimensions, around 1/8 inch deep, in the throttle body. The modification takes about an hour and is reversible through epoxy. It shouldn’t affect the vehicle’s warranty. Somehow, the air turbulence that is set up by that groove has the effect of increasing horsepower, torque, and mileage, while decreasing emissions. Perhaps it is another manifestation of the famous Schauberger effect.
Simulation of air passing by the grooves, http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Gadgetman_Groove
The mileage increase is typically between 25 and 35 percent, though some reports are much higher than that; and a few show little, if any change. So far, it seems that older cars achieve better improvement than newer cars, because the computerized controls of the newer cars usually tend to work against the effect. Approximately 85% of the vehicles that have been modified with this groove have had mileage gains in excess of 20%. So far, the best results apparently have been found on 1996 – 2004 Fords.
Be sure all hoses and engine are sealed. Cap off PCV Valve, carve out 1/8” groove in 160° arc within throttle body using Dremel 100, increase spark plug gap by 20%, 40% or 60%, or until the gap is too great. Use “Gadget Man Groove” as reference. Tesla Universal Battery Rejuvinator to restore batteries without ever having to replace them. (this is somewhat like a desulfator)
Feed-in Tariff scheme
This is an example of the “feed-in-tariff” program in the U.K. There is another very successful one in Germany, but we don’t need the government’s involvement, we can produce surplus energy and manage it in a decentralized way at a profit.
If you install an electricity-generating technology from a renewable or low-carbon source such as solar PV or wind turbine, the UK Government’s Feed-in Tariffs scheme (FITs) could mean that you get money from your energy supplier.
You can be paid for the electricity you generate, even if you use it yourself, and for any surplus electricity you export to the grid. And of course you’ll also save money on your electricity bill, because you’ll be using your own electricity.
About Feed-in Tariffs
Feed-in Tariffs were introduced on 1 April 2010 and replaced UK government grants as the main financial incentive to encourage uptake of renewable electricity-generating technologies. Most domestic technologies qualify for the scheme, including:
- solar electricity (PV) (roof mounted or stand alone)
- wind turbines (building mounted or free standing)
- anaerobic digesters
- micro combined heat and power (CHP).
The UK Government’s Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) makes the key decisions on FITs in terms of government policy. The energy regulator Ofgem administers the scheme.
Your energy supplier will make the FITs payments to you. The large energy suppliers are required by law to provide them; smaller suppliers are not, but many have opted to offer them anyway. Visit Ofgem for a list of FITs-licensed suppliers.
For you to qualify for FITs, the installer and the products you use must both be certified under the Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS), except hydro and anaerobic digestion which have to go through the ROO-FIT process. The tariffs you receive depend on both the eligibility date and, for solar PV, your property’s Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating.
The eligibility date is the date from which an installation becomes eligible for FITs payments. For most renewable electricity systems (with a declared net capacity of 50kW or less), this will be the date your FIT supplier receives a valid application for FITs. This will be after the date on which your renewable electricity system is installed, so it’s essential to send your application to your FIT supplier promptly – for absolute certainty, use Royal Mail’s Special Delivery.
We recommend that you contact your FIT supplier (also known as the FIT licensee) as soon as possible to confirm the requirements below and make sure you know exactly what information they require from you and when they need to receive it by. Please note that you will only be paid for what you generate based on the meter reading on the eligibility date. This is likely to be a later date than when the system was commissioned so units generated before the eligibility date may not be paid. You should check this with your FIT licensee before system is commissioned.
When to add solar panels
The rules are slightly different for an extension. If you add solar panels to an existing system, the eligibility date for the new panels is always the date they were commissioned, not the date that you send your revised claim in. This is particularly important if you want to claim the higher rate by submitting an EPC. The EPC must be dated before the commissioning date or you will not get the higher rate.
If you are eligible to receive FITs you will benefit in three ways:
Generation tariff: your energy supplier will pay you a set rate for each unit (or kWh) of electricity you generate. Once your system has been registered, the tariff levels are guaranteed for the period of the tariff (up to 20 years) and are index-linked.
Export tariff: you will get a further 4.77p/kWh from your energy supplier for each unit you export back to the electricity grid, so you can sell any electricity you generate but don’t use yourself. This rate is the same for all technologies. At some stage smart meters will be installed to measure what you export, but until then it is estimated as being 50 per cent of the electricity you generate (only systems above 30kWp need to have an export meter fitted, and a domestic system is unlikely to be that big).
Energy bill savings: you will be making savings on your electricity bills because generating electricity to power your appliances means you don’t have to buy as much electricity from your energy supplier. The amount you save will vary depending how much of the electricity you use on site.
Once you are receiving Feed-in Tariffs, the rate you get will increase in line with inflation in accordance with the Retail Price Index (RPI). The tables below summarise the latest tariffs available for each technology. For the full list of tariff rates visit Ofgem.
Summary of solar PV tariffs
|Total installed capacity (kW)||Generation tariff with eligibility date or after 1 October 2014 and before 31 December 2014||Lower tariff (if EPC requirement not met) with eligibility date on or after 1 October 2014 and before 31 December 2014|
|<4kW (new build and retrofit)||14.38p/kWh||6.38p/kWh|
For solar PV:
- Evidence of property’s EPC rating will be required when applying for FITs. If no evidence showing the EPC has a band D or higher then the lower rate will apply.
- The export tariff for solar PV is currently 4.77p/kWh.
- The tariff period (lifetime) is now 20 years.
- The tariffs are to be reviewed every three months and will be revised according to deployment rates.
For a site-specific calculation and bespoke report showing how much you could earn through Feed-in Tariffs for solar PV, try our Solar Energy Calculator.
Summary of hydro, wind and micro CHP tariffs
|Technology||Tariff band (kW capacity)||1 October to 31 March 2015|
|>15 to <100||17.75p/kWh|
|>1.5 to <15||16.00p/kWh|
|>15 to <100||16.00p/kWh|
For hydro, wind and micro-CHP:
- Evidence of property’s EPC rating is not required for these technologies.
- The export rate is 4.77p/kWh.
- The tariff period is 20 years for hydro and wind, 10 years for micro-CHP.
- Microhydro (<50kW) accreditation has to go through the ROO-FIT process not MCS.
- The definition of ‘hydro generating station’ has been extended to include small tidal projects.
- A degression mechanism for wind and hydro technologies (micro-CHP not included) will become effective from 1 April 2014 (baseline 5%, though this will depend on previous deployment rates).
For a site-specific calculation showing how much you could earn through Feed-in Tariffs for hydro, wind and solar, try our Cashback Calculator.
Registering for FITs
Once your chosen installer has installed your generating technology, take these steps to register for FITs:
Ask your installer to register you on the central MCS database. The installer will then send you a certificate confirming MCS compliance.
Tell your chosen FIT supplier that you wish to register for the FIT and send them:
- a completed application form
- the MCS certificate
- for solar PV, the Energy Performance Certificate that shows your home has an energy efficiency rating band D or better.
Your FIT supplier will:
- cross-reference your installation with the MCS database and undertake other eligibility checks
- confirm your eligibility and the date you are eligible for payments from
- add you to the Ofgem Central FIT Register, which records all installations in the FIT scheme
- agree with you if and when you will need to provide meter readings and when they will make FIT payments to you – these will form part of your statement of FIT terms.
NET METERING ENERGY AUDIT TOOLS
Pinless Moisture Psychrometer
InfraRed Thermometer, with Laser Pointer for Non Contact Surface Temperature Measurement
Mini Thermo Anemometer, with Infrared Thermometer
Portable Indoor Air Quality CO2 Meter
BR200 Video Borescope
Wireless Inspection Camera with MicroSD Memory Card & PC Cable to Analyze Data
Heavy Duty Hard Carrying Case