CAPTAIN THOMAS BOYLE OF THE CHASSEUR WAS A BAD-ASS

 

PAINTING OF THE CHASSEUR

Comm. by John Jay Singleton

 

 

Chasseur was a Baltimore Clipper commanded by Captain Thomas Boyle, an American privateer. She sailed from Fells Point in Baltimore, where she had been launched from Thomas Kemp‘s shipyard in 1812.[1] On his first voyage as master of Chasseur in 1814, Boyle unexpectedly sailed east, directly to the British Isles, where he harassed the British merchant fleet.

Boyle sent a notice to King George III by way of a captured merchant vessel that he had released for the purpose. The notice, he commanded, was to be posted on the door of Lloyd’s of London, the shipping underwriters. In it he declared that the entire British Isles were under naval blockade by Chasseur alone. This affront sent the shipping community into panic and caused the Admiralty to call vessels home from the American war to guard merchant ships which had to sail in convoys. In all, Chasseur captured or sank 17 vessels before returning home.

On February 26, 1815, just off HavanaChasseur took HMS St LawrenceChasseur carried 14 guns and 102 men, while St Lawrence carried 13 guns and 76 men. The intense action lasted only about 15 minutes, during which St Lawrence suffered six men killed and 17 wounded, several of them mortally. (According to American accounts, the English had 15 killed and 25 wounded.) Chasseur had five killed and eight wounded, including her captain. Both vessels were badly damaged. Captain Boyle, of Chasseur, made a cartel of St Lawrence and sent her and her crew into Havana as his prize.

LM. Schr. 356 T. 115.6, 26.8, 12.9, B: Balto. 1812, 52 M. 2 long 12s, 8-12pd car. C: Pearl Durkee, L: John Ross, 0: John Hollins, John Smith Hollins & William Hollins, & Michael McBlair. Com. 2/23/13. Mutiny prevented voyage. P. 148 M. 6 long 12s, 8—12pd car. C: Wm. Wade, L: Chris. Bartling, 0: George J. Brown, John Clem, John Craig, Jesse Eichelberger, John Franciscus, Lyde Goodwin, John Smith Hollins, Ferdinand Hurxthal, Thos. Kemp, C. Newhouse, Wm. Penniman, C. Raborg, Nicholas Stansbury, Jeremiah Sullivan, Christian Keller, Francis Foreman, Thos. Shepherd. Com. 12/24/13, P. 150 M. 16 long 12s, C: Thos. Boyle, L: John Dieter, 0: Some of the same, plus Boyle. Com. 6/19/14 ( New York)
PRIZES
(Wade)—11 (Boyle) —25
Ann Maria, schr, burnt (Lic) Adventure, ship, retaken
Britannia, brig, Beaufort Alert, brig, burnt
Galatea, ship, New Bern Amicus, brig, sent in
Harriet Elizabeth, schr, sent in Antelope, brig, retaken
Joanna, polacre, burnt Atlantic , brig, retaken
Lark, schr, retaken Carlbury, ship, retaken
London Packet, ship, Hyannis Christiana, sloop, cartel
Martha, sloop, cartel Commerce, brig, Charleston
Melpomene, brig, Newport Corruna, ship, Wilmington
Miranda, schr, burnt Eclipse, brig, New York
William, schr, burnt (Lic) Elizabeth , schr, burnt
Favourite, sloop, burnt
Fox, schr, sent in
Harmony, brig, cartel
James, ship, sent in
Marquis of Cornwallis, brig, cartel
Martin, ketch, burnt
Mary, schr, sunk
Mary & Susan, ship, Savanah
Prudence, brig, burnt
Reindeer, brig, sent in
Speculator, brig, cartel
St. Lawrence, schr, HBM, sent in (US)
Theodore, ship, retaken

 

 

 

 

 

DEBT FREE COLLEGE DEGREE

This article is supplementary to my chapter in The 7 Year Mortgage and Debt Free College Degree published earlier this year.

What does the student loan debt look like on a national scale?

There is $1.3 Trillion, with 44 million borrowers, who have an average debt of $40K each and the default rate is over 11%. What may have caused this debt to become so pervasive? You could say it has been subsidized with the help of the government, just like “Fannie Mac and Sallie Mae” buying up all of the bad mortgages to keep the system afloat, and just like the government health care plan along with health insurance, more subsidies that have caused prices to explode. Anytime you make it easy to go into debt, you get more debt, just like the home appraisal process was abandoned about a hundred years ago, from pricing homes in terms of labor and materials costs together with a builder’s premium, now the home prices have no limits because they are based upon the prices for which other homes are being sold. Student loans are no different.

The United States Government allowed the creation of securities for these student loans, in fact, it went a step further and guaranteed them to investors. They are known as student loan asset backed securities (SLABS – bonds). Because the government guarantees and collects these debts administratively, without having to sue in court (like the IRS), investors are betting on the government’s ability to take or coerce payments from borrowers. These investors are not concerned with people getting an education, they just want a return on their money from this system of usury.

This is not the way to invest in the education of young people for the future, it’s just a way to make money without any moral consideration. What can students do in a situation where they have too much debt or cannot pay (in default)? We can first look at this from the debt collections phase; first, you want to use available procedures, such as settlement or payment options, to mitigate the re-payment. It’s a good idea to be sure you organize your cash flow and property rights so that none of them can simply be taken through an administrative levy. This means cash flows and property titles and other property rights should be held in the names of tax deferred and tax flow-through structures, limited liability companies are the easiest and most effective and least costly. Trusts are also good, but those can be costly and have many restrictions. The same may also be try for C-corporations, it’s important to review these structures yourself, but I am recommending the use of one or more limited liability companies. Once you are finished using them, you can sell them as “shelf corporations” so in the long term, these may cost nothing.

The only risk you have that cannot be eliminated is “W-2/W-4” wage income, if you have this, and cannot change your type of income to self-employed or independent contractor, get into a workout program or use student loan procedures to negotiate. I’m not promoting any service here, but a quick search online showed that a company by the name of Global Bridge Holdings specializes in student loan workout programs. These would be the last efforts if all else fails. As you’ll learn here, you may never have to get into this situation if you follow the other recommendations.

The Department has what it calls “Standardized Compromise and Write-Off Procedures” for use by guaranty agencies. These are for negotiated agreements between borrowers and guaranty agencies to accept less than full payment as full liquidation of the entire debt. To summarize the guidelines, collection costs can be waived and as much as 30% of principal and interest can be waived. If a guaranty agency chooses to compromise more than 30%, it cannot waive the Department’s right to collect the rest. It is possible to change your payment plan to drastically reduce the amount you are paying, even down to nothing, based upon your income.

There are also employer Loan Repayment Assistance Programs (LRAP), either your employer has one or you can negotiate one as part of your compensation)

You can also transfer guaranteed student loans to unsecured credit cards. There are no guarantees and will impact your cash flow the least.

This is probably the most important one but keep in mind that what I’m going to explain here, is something that can and should be done by everyone. In fact, this technique is what the rich people use to pay for their expensive toys. Acquire assets or build a cash flow asset and use that to offset the student loan debt situation, this can be done no matter how much debt you have or what types of debt, even if you have judgments and active levies. Consider buying into a cash flow, or brokering the sale of real estate by taking an interest in the title with an options contract, or buy local assets, like that car wash down the street. You want to buy assets to offset the liabilities of a student loan. This is explained in greater detail in my book.

Additionally, the Federal Ombudsman is “a neutral, informal, and confidential resource to help resolve disputes about your federal student loans.” If you have a loan dispute that you simply can’t resolve in any other fashion, contact the ombudsman. Such disputes could include discrepancies about federal loan balances; issues related to default, bankruptcy, tax offsets and other concerns; and questions about postponement, discharge and forgiveness requirements.

How can students avoid this type of debt in the first place?

Plan ahead to avoid taking on long term student loan debt by leveraging cash flow and assets to offset the costs of tuition.

Parents should never co-sign or show that they are eligible to be guarantor or co-signer for children attending college.

Use an asset to pay for college. Here is an example, it’s not really using an asset, just some equity that you might have in property, even though it is a liability. Use short term debt (real estate with clear title, write a short term note on 25% of the property value and sell it in peer-to-peer lending, pay it off and then do it again in series)

In some professions, you can gain competence without enrolling, sounds crazy, but this might be worth considering. My daughter wanted to attend art school, and it’s not that I’m cheap, but rather, I’m practical. I know that she’s not going to use her degree to qualify for a job, but she will be able to use her qualifications to make money in a business venture. So I explained how she could rent a luxury apartment near campus and let two students room with her for free, the only condition being that they include her in their art lessons and activities.

What alternatives are there for people that want higher education for the advancement of a career that would support their families? You can find apprenticeships or get vocational training, you don’t need a four year college degree to be successful and find a career that will lead you to a prosperous lifestyle.

Consider learning important things so that you can be self-reliant, such as basic home wiring, plumbing, gardening, composting, canning, saving seeds, for food, along with water, sewage and rain filtering. Learn net metering practices to reduce your costs for energy. Learn a useful trade, such as mechanics, carpentry and landscaping.

Don’t plan on going to college for useless degrees in things like “social justice” and public relations or practicing law, etc.

Look for apprenticeships, you can find services (browsers) that can connect you with apprenticeship programs, two I found include www.careeronestop.org and www.mynextmove.org.

Do your own research about what qualifications are required in the field you want to work. Example, instead of going to veterinarian school to be an employee veterinarian, contact a business broker and look for veterinarian businesses for sale and buy those assets.

Look for vocational training scholarships or simply pay far less for vocational training to get near the profession you want. Here is one website that explains the opportunities, again, I’m not promoting anything in particular, http://www.collegescholarships.org/scholarships/vocational-school.htm

In summary, a quality or formal education is important at least through the age of 25 and you can get it with little or no debt. Taking on too much debt too early in life may seriously diminish your ability to acquire a size-able net worth. Build upon skills that help you offset liabilities with assets and this will be a skill you will use for your entire life, no matter what your vocation or educational background.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DON’T CONFUSE SECURITY WITH SURVEILLANCE

Have you ever called customer service and heard the welcome greeting that says something like “…this call may be recorded for quality assurance”, or “…this call may be recorded for security purposes…”? This is not truthful, your call is being recorded for purposes other than “quality assurance” or “your security”. The recording serves only to indemnify the company against future claims you might make or to waive claims you might have based on what you say during the conversation. This is not the point of my article here, but I wanted to introduce the topic this way because this is when I began questioning these occurrences. I began denying these companies my consent to record my voice without first agreeing to my own “data retention policy” terms, which include paying me a license for the storage and use of my recorded voice. Some disconnected, some agreed, and some decided to send me a letter. That was dating back to the late nineties. This same understanding carried over into the development of smart phones and other new technology.

Don’t confuse security with surveillance, especially when it comes to your home and your family. Video surveillance of your home while you are not there is a very useful tool in allowing you to take action in real time during any invasion of your home; however, it’s important to recognize that surveillance by itself is only good for one thing, surveillance. If something is captured on video, it can be seen by anyone, for many years to come. If you have video surveillance in your home, the signal should be encrypted so that only you have access to that feed and so that no one else can intercept it and collect video images from your home, whether you are there or not, or at anytime. This should be a very easy concept for people to realize, but I think many people mistakenly trust the manufacturers of these devices and incorrectly assume that no strangers are watching them or collecting this data. While the risks are the same for home “security” systems as they are for all other forms of surveillance, I just wanted to focus on these innocent looking fun toy-like devices that people love to buy.

Yes, if you have any video or audio systems in your home, you are under surveillance. This includes a new television, smart phone, computer, surveillance cameras and especially these devices such as “Alexa”, “Scout”, “canary”, “Echo”, “Piper” and others such as OK Google, Google Home, Siri and Cortana. This leads me to the main example of this article. These devices are fun, entertaining, informative and useful, but they are “listening” to you when you don’t need them to, recording what you say, and in some cases, collecting video data, whether through the device itself or by capturing video data from other un-encrypted devices in your home. If you’re going to allow this, then you don’t need locks on your doors, you don’t need doors and you can build walls made of glass.

People spend lots of money for locks, doors, secure windows, security systems, and then completely ignore twenty-four hour video and audio surveillance of their homes by these devices. Most if not all of this data is being transmitted to your SMART meter. Your SMART meter is a node on an international surveillance network and your power company is collecting your data and selling it. Why invest in all of this security and then throw it out the window by allowing this type of surveillance? The SMART meter nodes are not encrypted. The space used for the batter of the computer hardware inside does not also allow for any firewalls or other forms of encryption. What this means is that anyone can collect the data from your SMART meter at any time.

These devices use speech recognition to respond to requests you make verbally. And although the “wake word”, which is usually the name of the device, so that it responds when you say its name. Don’t believe this for one second. The device is “listening” to everything that is audible and recording that information all the time. Anything said, that can be translated into text, is translated into text so that the data can be sold and used by companies that want to sell you things that are consistent with your conversations. But what are the legal implications?

From a legal standpoint, voice tracking isn’t necessarily out of line. “These devices are microphones already installed in people’s homes, transmitting data to third parties,” Joel Reidenberg, director of the Center on Law and Information Policy at Fordham Law School in New York City, told USA Today. “So reasonable privacy doesn’t exist. Under the Fourth Amendment, if you have installed a device that’s listening and is transmitting to a third party, then you’ve waived your privacy rights under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act.” It’s just like being outside, once you’re in the public outside of your private home or vehicle, you have no protections to privacy. There mere fact that you have such surveillance devices in your home or use, begs the question of whether or not you have overtly or implicitly waived your rights and protections guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. And I’m not falling for the promise that pressing a mute button restores any of my privacy or rights.

Read Samsung’s “privacy policy” and the recent changes it had to make, and you have to ask yourself if anything really changed. If you had the ability to listen to other people’s conversations whenever you wanted, and if you had a profit motive, why would you ever abandon that ability? Don’t believe for one moment that these devices are not doing only one thing, logging any and all video and audio data from you, all day, everyday.

It should be obvious that people should not be using these devices. It’s bad enough that smart phones have replaced telephones and have become one of the most useful consumer tools in human history. Those of us who adopt practices to protect our privacy should consider establishing our rights in a written security agreement that is established along with the terms of service and privacy policies of these companies. Who says people or consumers cannot have their own terms of service and privacy policies? If enough people did the following, it would create the changes we want.

Identify proprietary data in a contract that expresses the terms under which that data can be used by the companies collecting it. Serve notice of the terms upon the company or organization collecting your information. The name and address of the company is usually found in its terms of service and privacy policy. Once you send the agreement, record it in your local county with the UCC Financing Statement for the security agreement as its cover page, and it becomes a lien upon the balance sheet of the company as long as the company uses your information, and you build a claim against the company under the terms of the license provisions in the agreement. You are the creditor, the licensor, for the use of your identifying and biometric data and the company using it is the debtor, or the licensee.

It is important to first understand what risks you have to your privacy from the technology you are using, then take steps to mitigate or reduce those risks. And then, to the extent you cannot eliminate them totally, impose license terms for the use of the information that is being collected about yourself on the companies doing it. At that point, collecting your information is no longer an asset or valuable, it now becomes a liability in which you are the creditor.

If you think these are crazy ideas, then answer these questions: Why was Muhammad Ali able to sell his “likeness” for $50,000,000 in 2004? And, why is Marilyn Monroe’s estate still in business? And don’t tell me because they were famous, that only puts a higher price tag on the data. Last question, did you know that the average person’s identifying information alone (his financial data) is worth about $25,000,000 in an average life time?

YOUR MONEY, FREE SPEECH, ASSOCIATION AND DUE PROCESS

What if the government passed a law requiring everyone to wear blue uniforms in the same style, and you had to buy the uniform from the government, or a single business designated by the government, and no one was permitted to sell any uniforms in competition with the government?

What if the government could tell you who your friends could be and how you could interact with those “friends” and that unauthorized friends and unauthorized interactions would be a crime?

What if the government forced you to use only one currency that always lost its buying power and denied you any ability to question it?

These are three questions that have recently come into light, at least since I’ve been researching them. When I traveled to Europe, at least before 2008, I was seen as some kind of rock star or a rich guy, even though I may not have been rich.. I was spending U.S. Dollars, I was associated with “Americanism”, you know, blue jeans and Coca-Cola. Using dollars gave me a social status, a means of expressing myself and associating with others. I could have just as easily exchanged my money for Canadian Dollars and claimed to be a Canadian, or even an Australian. These would have been different expressions of myself and created entirely different associations with others.

The “money” we use today, or currency as it is correctly named, is not mined with human labor and ingenuity, it’s fabricated in a counterfeiting scheme in which only a certain, small group of people reap the benefits and the vast majority of people who are forced to use it, must do so at their own peril. The currency we use today, it’s not the “dollar”, it’s a Federal Reserve Note, a bank note, an “I.O.U.”, or technically, a “perpetual bond”. The holder of a unit of this currency is not holding money or an asset, he is holding a liability, a debt. The “creditor” is the Federal Reserve Bank. Merely holding “FRNs”, as they have come to be called, is a tax. As the government borrows these notes into existence and spends them, the buying power of the people forced to use them diminishes, it’s a tax. The value of their labor is diminished. The value (not to be confused with price) of their goods is diminished, and these people are forever forced to “hop” from one situation to another in order to avoid the adverse effects of this diminishing value, or the “taking of their property”. How can this diminishing value be distinguished from the taking of property? It cannot.

Money, or even currency, has always been one of the means by which people associate with others, express themselves and protect their wealth. Forcing people to use a certain currency, especially the Federal Reserve Note, violates our rights to free speech, freedom of association and due process of law regarding the taking of property without due process of law and the right to redress of grievances. It is important to note that people do not derive these rights from a written document, the First Amendment or any series of written words anywhere. They derive these rights from their creator, whoever they individually believe that to be. People had these rights long before words were written anywhere. Therefore, no individual or group of individuals (corporation, church, government, etc.) may deprive the people of these rights and remain in the right, or in good standing with them.

It’s time for people to reclaim their rights as we now have the means and the urgency. Adopt cryptographic currency and use it with precious metals in private vault services and boycott bank notes. It’s that simple.

NO FUTURE FOR RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE TITLES

Titles to real estate are the mark of a feudal economic system. In other words, if we rely on titles to land to identify ownership, then we can never own the land because it is truly owned by the tax collector and other lien holders.

We are moving more deeply into a society where the tax collector and banking system have become the gatekeepers for people who want to pay for and use the land for productive purposes. But it’s all connected to the fact that the cultural norms in our society are built upon transferring a clear title to land when we buy and sell. Insurance is based upon it, tax liabilities are based upon it and the perception of property rights and liabilities are based upon the title.

Imagine selling the “exclusive right of possession” to someone who wants to use your house? How is it your house? Well, it’s not, but because your name is on the title, the statutes give you the exclusive right to use it. This has made us slaves to the banking system and taxing authorities. What if you conveyed the title of your home into a limited liability company? Give it the same name as your street address, for example, a home at 123 Elm Street, is now titled in the name of “123 ELM STREET, LLC”. You then add a standard lease agreement into the LLC operating agreement and then “lease” the property to the next occupant.

But what about equity and appreciation? We must break this cycle, this is what makes us slaves to the banking system, we think we can gain money from holding title, when it’s all a fraudulent scheme conducted by the banking system to keep us running in circles. Forget about “equity” and forget about the title, once conveyed into an LLC, it will forever remain and only the terms of occupancy will change within the operating agreement, from one occupant to the next. As more people do this, less and less people will need to have mortgages as prices on real estate plummet.

As this trend continues, the prices of real estate will return back to the costs of construction plus labor and a contractor’s premium for building the home. The prices will not rise and fall with the banking system or the crooked “fed rate” system. No one will be concerned about selling the title anymore because no one will need a title to enjoy the occupancy of a home (or any property for that matter). But what about the property taxes and foreclosure?

Foreclosure for Taxes

Yes, the property tax collector can still foreclose if the property taxes are not paid. The foreclosure would transfer the title to a buyer of the tax lien debt (whether deed or certificate), so the title would change. And if the occupant could not work out a debt with the buyer of the tax debt, it would allow him to foreclose. But because there is little invested, no expectation of any windfalls from equity or appreciation, it would be just as easy for that occupant to find another deal just like it with another property, a new LLC and enter into the operating agreement just like before, the only loss being the costs of moving.

It would also allow the new tax lien buyer to hold the title in his own LLC and just continue like everyone else, sell occupancy and jointly control the title. This new arrangement would work for everyone. How would the occupant protect his interests in the property with insurance?

Insurance

We can take steps to mitigate risks without insurance, as used in the traditional sense.

Structural damage

Your house should be located and constructed properly. Don’t build in a dry river bed or below sea level, and build it well so it can withstand the appropriate level of weathering. Even with all of these precautions, there will still be some risk to structural damages, but you will have greatly minimized this risk with planning, building and re-building.

Personal liability

Because your name is not on the title, you won’t have any personal liability. If anyone were to sue the owner for a physical injury, he would have nothing more than a judgment lien (assuming he won because there was no need to defendant against the claim) and the lien would eventually expire or be severed in another foreclosure (it would be uncollectible).

Contents (chattels)

A renter’s policy would work perfectly to cover the contents of your home, it’s a lease agreement, nothing new. But you could install an appropriate security system and use vaults for certain items and locks on drawers, etc.

Generally

While steps can be taken to greatly reduce known risks for your property, they cannot be totally eliminated. But your need for traditional insurance should be greatly diminished accordingly, or it should be diminished enough to where you would be willing and easily able to set aside enough money to cover them yourself. These remaining risks can be covered in the operating agreement by all parties as well, not just the tenant or the co-party tenant.

Foreclosure for Mortgages

Using residential homes in this way would eventually eliminate the need or usefulness for mortgages. In fact, in the near future, as these ideas are adopted, I believe mortgages will be seen as a “very stupid idea”.

However, let’s say there is a mortgage, where the borrower is the LLC. It would likely a short term mortgage, more like a 7 year term, and a hard money loan (not from a bank). If the terms of the mortgage are not met, well, we already have laws in place to protect the lender. And look at the interests of the tenants, it would not be several hundred thousands of dollars in equity at risk, just some moving costs. In fact the costs of foreclosure, even uncontested, might be more than the value of the mortgage or the property.

I see this as a trend, people are already realizing that we can use property this way. Maybe we will be recording these operating agreements on the blockchain, but that’s another subject.

WHAT TO DO BEFORE THE LIGHTS GO OUT

What will you do when the lights go out and the water stops running? This is my opinion of course, that the lights will go out, I think it is inevitable given the situation our government has created, but let’s not be concerned with the cause. Why should we not just be prepared to adapt to situations that might jeopardize our families? I think we should, we buy insurance, we have locks on the doors, we follow most of the rules of the road, most of the time, why not prepare for situations where we don’t have modern conveniences?

People talk about “survival” and “prepping” and things like that, but I look at the subject in terms of a lifestyle change. Let’s face it, we’ve lost most of the really good knowledge from our grandparents, such as gardening, composting, saving seeds, canning, planning for future seasons, even harvesting water. We expect our infrastructure to deliver these things. We expect that trucks will bring food for us to buy, and that we’ll have the income to buy them, and that the water will always be running, in fact, we don’t give it a second thought, most of us anyway.

One of the key pieces in this article that I really don’t discuss, is getting your immediate neighbors involved in their own efforts to undertake their own lifestyle changes of the kind I describe here. If you are the only one who is prepared in your neighborhood, you might become a target, It’s kind of like being able to save a drowning victim, but the victim nearly drowns you while trying to save his life. It is very important to have a community, ideally of about 150 families, from which you can get and give support.

I’m going to describe some methods and name some products that I have discovered through my own research. I believe that preparing or undergoing this lifestyle change as I call it, does not require you to buy tens of thousands of dollars worth of equipment. While I name some brands here, I don’t make any money if you buy any of these products, I’m just naming them because I like them and have found them to be the most useful.

WATER

Water is your most important and immediate need if the water stops flowing. You at least need some stored water, and for that, you need to know how much water you use, per person, per day, right now. Once you determine this, then you need to calculate a reduced amount based upon what you could live with, comfortably (again, not a survival mode, per se). Survivalists will tell you that people need about 3 gallons of water per day. I think we each use more than 300 per day, so make your plans based upon 30 gallons per person, per day and you should be easily able to make this adaptation.

You at least need to filter water, but you also need to store some as you filter it. You should be able to start with a few days of stored water that you have already set aside, 100 gallons for each person. A family of four should have 400 – 500 gallons already stored. The easiest way to do this is using rain barrels that are designed for this purpose. You can buy them online or have them delivered to a local retailer for purchase. A normal price is about $80 each, but I’ve seen people get them for free from companies that normally discard them, so shop around. You want food-grade barrels.

The water you store should be ready for drinking and it will help to have a way to empty out the water using a spigot or other mechanism so you avoid scooping out water by hand. The barrels should be elevated in a shaded or enclosed area, out of the sun. Obviously, there are other ways of doing this, I’m just giving you one way, you can build on it.

Of course a well may be your best way to get clean water, just be sure it can be pumped manually and by a solar PV / battery type system.

You need to be able to filter water from any source and replenish the barrels. You can use additional barrels to catch the water from the gutter system on your roof. If you don’t have one, you should get one as soon as you can.

I recommend one filter that produces 4,750 gallons of filtered water in batches of 12 liters, for $140, http://lifestraw.com/products/lifestraw-mission/

This is another way to store water, in mylar lined boxes, and you will need a way to purify the water, using non-toxic chemicals. Here is the source, https://www.buyemergencyfoods.com/collections/water-storage-and-filtration-systems

You want water purification tablets such as https://www.amazon.com/Quake-Kare-2GQK-Purification-Tablets/dp/B0007VSLK8, this is just one example of tablets.

I prefer using iodine and a brand of black mica known as Adya Clarity®, https://www.amazon.com/AC32OZ-Clarity-Ounce-Mineral-Solution/dp/B002UCWDY2. You can research online to determine which of these will work better for you. You can also use chlorine because it does evaporate, so you just have to understand how to use these to make purified drinking water.

Learn about how to create a water or rain catchment system for your home as you need a way to collect water and then filter it. That is the easy part, as you should eventually discover ways to filter “gray water” to conserve what you have. Sometimes you don’t have to be that conservative if there is enough rainfall in your area.

You may also want to build your own bio-sand filter, many of the components can be purchased at your local hardware store.  The benefit of doing this is that you can filter any type of water without a pump, as this is a gravity fed filter.  Here is more information:  http://biosandfilters.info/

FOOD

Most of us need food in order to stay alive. If the trucks stop delivering food to the stores, you will need enough stored to sustain yourself and your family for a period of time. I’m suggesting that you have a minimum of 90 days’ worth of food in storage, and that you normally use this food, in date order, and replenish it along with your groceries. In other words, don’t just buy the survival foods and keep them in the basement and forget about it. Store food that you will use such as; beans, rice, oats, flour, salt, sugar (e.g. Turbinado), olive oil, canned goods, oats, grains, dried fruits, nuts, 100% fruit juices (no “drink” juices), honey, un-sulfured black strap molasses, pure maple syrup (Grade B), coffee, tea and even some whiskey and wine, and some hard candy.

Also consider a wider range of spices, at least for nutrition, if not for taste and exchanging with your neighbors.

The reason I suggest 90 days as a minimum is because that is about how long it takes to grow potatoes and most other vegetables. You will need the ability to grow at least half of the food you need to eat on a regular basis, but I suggest that your objective should be to grow 80% of what you eat.

There are of course a million ways to do this, but I’m only going to share one with you. You might need a green house, or several where you live, or you might need an indoor growing tent, but for most of us, we can use an outdoor “square foot garden”. This is where you build a 4′ x 4′ garden with 1′ high borders and fill it with mulched and composted soil and plant four different types of vegetables. You might plant radishes in ¼, then tomatoes in another, and lettuce in another ¼ and then peppers in another. Research this subject to determine a gardening style that works for you.

If you’re planting from seeds, be sure you use organic, heirloom, non-hybrid seeds. These are so easy to find, you can get a whole bucket of them from www.infowars.com and it will last you the rest of this century if you save your seeds and re-plant each season.

Once you begin using your harvests, you may end up having to store some of what you do not eat or trade/share with others. For this you will need canning equipment. I’m not going to give you too much detail here, but use this website as your launching pad into the world of canning your own fruits and vegetables,

http://www.mountainfeed.com/blogs/learn/15522713-our-must-have-list-of-canning-equipment-supplies

You will also want to begin planting fruit trees that are suitable for your zone. Many fruit trees can begin producing fruit to eat in about 9 months, so do some research and include these with your gardening.

FIRST AID

You need first aid supplies and the knowledge of how and when to use them. Many, very adequate first aid kits can be purchased from your local Costco, Sam’s Club or BJ’s, or online; here are some you can visit: www.uline.com or www.rei.com.

CamphoPhenique® is also a great medicine to have in stock, along with NeoSporin®.

COOKING SUPPLIES

Most of us do not have fire proof kitchen cook ware, but many of us have gas or wood grills. You should consider getting a variety of cast iron skillets in case you have to cook or boil water over a fire. Okay, that just opened a nice big fat can of worms, so let me narrow this down for you a bit. This is kind of like augmenting your patio grill with some camping gear, if you don’t already have some. This is just one place to review what is available, http://www.lodgemfg.com/prodcat/camp-ovens-and-grills.asp. I like the pre-seasoned skilets, and I have several sizes. Here is another source, http://www.williams-sonoma.com/products/3030413/

I also prefer cooking over a gasification stove, it requires no fuel to buy from the store or a supplier, I just have to go out and collect dried wood and it is 3 times as efficient as a grill or traditional campfire. You can find a really good gasification stove from www.solostove.com, I actually have one and have used it to make tea and eggs.

I recommend three ways to light the stove, or whatever you are using, a flint lighter, a gas lighter or a magnifying glass / Fresnel lens. I mention Fresnel lens because we all have one and don’t know it, and it’s among the best sources for producing heat and fire. If you remove the frame from the front of a television, you can pop out the Fresnel lens. If you see a discarded television placed for trash pick-up, you might want to retrieve the lens. There are videos on youtube that describe how to do this.

Get yourself a package of these “SE FS374 All-Weather Emergency 2-IN-1 Fire Starter & Magnesium Fuel Bar (Everything you need to start a fire!)”. You’re also going to want a large magnifying glass, I’d get a dozen of them, to start a fire during the day. You can also use a 6” x 6” Fresnel lens or something close to this size, very small. The easiest way though is just to use a gas lighter, the kind you use for lighting grills.

MONEY

Money will be helpful, but you can use what you don’t need to trade with others, especially from gardening and canning. But you should really have cash on hand, preferably in a mechanical safe, and then you’re going to want some gold and silver. The kind of gold and silver you want is American Eagles and grams, and you don’t need much, I’d say about $1,000 worth of fiat cash and $1,000 worth of gold & silver. At the time of this writing, you can get a gram or even a half gram of gold for under $50 and silver for under $1. The American Silver Eagles are about $20. Where did I come up with the amount you will need? I just made it up, think about how much money you had when you left home, it was probably less than $2,000, well it was for most people, so you’ll be just fine.

If you stored up small bottles of whiskey, it can also be used for money, and so can salt and sugar. Just think it through.

PAPER SUPPLIES

You can and should stock up on paper supplies such as toilet paper and feminine napkins, along with kitchen paper products, including paper towels. I would get only paper towels and not napkins, as the paper towels can be used for everything. These need to be stored in a cool and dry place and you should probably store them with a desiccant, something that will absorb moisture. Remember that desiccants can be toxic, but you might be able to use chalk or baking soda as a substitute.

There are many videos online that explain how to store toilet paper and paper goods for the long term.

SOAP, CLEANING METHODS AND SUPPLIES

Personal hygiene is important for many reasons, but your health probably the most. I would suggest preparing to stop using shampoo and softener type products and clean yourself with an anti-bacterial bar soap, and yes, use that to clean your hair. It should be made with honey, lavender, or olive oil, anything that is anti-bacterial.

It is so much easier to buy this in bulk than make it yourself. I have bought bulk soap in loaves, but if you want to go big, buy it at a discount in blocks and get your own soap cutter to cut it into loaves and then usable bars. You want organic bar soap, made without animal fats, such as https://www.oregonsoapcompany.com/wholesale/bulk-bar-soap and http://vermontsoap.com/private-label-and-bulk-organic-soap/handmade-bar-soaps-and-soap-bricks/.

You need a way to clean surfaces without relying on store-bought or caustic chemicals. The traditional ones that people used before the eighties are the best still today. We have Murphy’s Oil Soap®, vinegar, baking soda, isopropyl alcohol, Witch Hazel®, lavender, mint, and hydrogen peroxide. We can include bleach as well.

You will also need brushes and sponges and rags.

You will need to store a few tooth brushes for each person along with razor blades and the handles needed to use them. You won’t need shaving cream, bar soap works just fine, but who am I to tell you this, you can store what you want.

TOOLS

You will want the widest variety of knives, but don’t start buying up everything, first look around your house and determine what you already have, you probably already have enough to be sufficient. You might need a better knife sharpener or a sharpening stone.

One of the more useful tools is binding material, such as duct tape and twine. You may want a case of duct tape and a few cases of twine and rope.  Include scissors in this list, a variety of them, even shears, but scissors will also be useful in cutting twine and grooming or cutting hair.

You will also want to have a variety of and duplicates of flashlights or battery powered lighting.

You will need shovels, axes, hatchets and sharpeners for each, or at least a sharpening stone.

You will want candles, I’m recommending several cases of the 6” pillar, unscented, something like this, http://www.dlightonline.com/2×6-pillar-candles-white-36pcs-per-case-bulk-wholesale/, shop for price. You can make the use of candles around the house safer by placing them in an oil lamp fixture, or something like this.

You will want bottles, such as Mason jars (assortment of vessels) buckets and bins, a large variety and made from both non-food-grade and food-grade, including materials from metal, glass and plastic, along with lids or ways to seal them.

You’re going to need a tub or two so that you can wash clothing.

WEAPONS & AMMUNITION

I think about this with three premises, 1) plan to avoid having to use weapons for personal security and defense, 2) only have weapons that I am very familiar with using and cannot be used to harm myself very easily and 3) having to use a weapon in a confrontation with another person or group involves the other person usually bringing weapons to the scene, that I can use. I just have to take them away.

The types of weapons that should easily be available and fairly easy to achieve a decent level of skill in using include, knives, swords, nun-chucks, staff, bow & arrow, sling shots, hand guns, rifles, mace, pepper spray, brass knuckles, poison, fire and shotguns. It is important to first note which weapons are best used for close proximity and which ones can be used at a distance. I prefer those situations and those weapons that can be used at a distance.

I’m not going to recommend any brands here, there is plenty of information and training if you look for it. Just be sure you get the right ammunition and store it properly.

FUEL

As a general rule, I’d recommend not storing liquid fuel, except for maybe a small amount or what you want for a generator (a generator is one of the least important things to have when the lights go out, at least if your plan is to use it for the long term). Fuel could be wood or coal, and if stored safely, I see no problem with this. I just think that storing kerosene, gasoline, methanol or other liquid fuels is very dangerous and unnecessary.

OTHER SUPPLIES

You’re going to need to make notes and send messages, so you’ll need a variety of paper and pens. You won’t need pencils unless you are home schooling because they require a pencil sharpener and erases usually. These are not necessary, and it would help to have a solar powered, or even battery powered calculator.

You’ll also need a solar powered or hand crank powered radio in case you are able to get a weather report or hear other important news.  Amazon.com has some very good ones, https://www.amazon.com/Epica-Emergency-Flashlight-Smartphone-Certified/dp/B00CZDT30S and here is another source, http://www.ambientweather.com/emra.html.

TOYS, GAMES AND BICYCLES

We need recreation and entertainment, it’s part of what keeps us healthy. If the power is down, it will be useful to have several decks of cards, board games, crayons and coloring books, game pieces such as dice, Rubik’s Cube, and dominoes, etc.

Be sure each person in your family has a properly working bicycle along with the ability to repair or replace flat tires, and a repair kit (or several) with tire pump. These may be your only reliable form of transportation for a while.

It’s also a good idea to have sporting equipment, such as soccer balls, baseball, basketball, football, kick-balls, tennis balls and rackets, skateboard, frisbees, volley ball, and really good running or walking shoes. I don’t recommend all of the other equipment that usually goes along with the sports, but just the basics to stay in shape and have some recreational time.

CLOTHING & LAUNDRY

You will want a modest collection of cotton t-shirts, jeans, good walking shoes and under clothing, for men and women and children. These should be durable and easy to wash and easy to mend by hand or with a sewing machine. This leads me into the next subject, laundry.

It’s really simple, we have to wash our clothing. We have always used a tub of water with soap, that’s all you really need. You can buy manual washing machines or make your own, that’s up to you, but it really is as simple as using clean water, adding soap, oscillating and then rinsing. After your clothes are washed, hang them out to dry.

ENERGY

Notice how I listed this last. It is the least important aspect of these lifestyle changes, but it is important. The power grid may be working just fine, and with no interruptions, even if it is interrupted at some point, it may be restored quickly. Either way, you may want to explore the idea of producing your own energy, something like a hobby. I recommend this video by Tin Hat Ranch for starting: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4qcoEXYqK0.

Finally, you may want to practice now by having a “no power” day, at least once a month, or weekly.  This is when you don’t use any electricity or running water in your home for one day, but try to live the same way you always do using the “alternate” methods.

EXPORTING MONEY WITH BITCOIN

The reason why at least I’m an advocate of Bitcoin is because it’s a gateway to privacy without trying to bargain with our legislators. The terms “laundering” and “smuggling” are misnomers and only used to promote drama in the subject. These activities are illegal but what’s interesting is that the “system” from which we want and need privacy considers any privacy you want to be the result of laundering or smuggling money. We have rights to privacy, and these rights are absolute, they existed before any government, they exist because we are people and have a conscience, and we are beings of reason.

Taking back your privacy is a vote for privacy and liberty and freedom and it’s a vote against a government system that has lost its way and has become a monstrosity instead of a protector of our rights. We have to protect our own rights.

In July, we will witness a change in the way Bitcoin is priced because of a change in the mining rewards.

In the Bitcoin network, user transactions are grouped in blocks and recorded to a digital public ledger called a blockchain. Miners are in charge of this task, and receive a mining reward in the form of bitcoins for each block recorded.

The amount of bitcoins rewarded for each block decreases with time: it is halved every 4 years. This event, the moment when the mining reward is divided by 2, is commonly called “Bitcoin halving”. Other denominations are used: “reward drop”, “reward halving”, or simply “the halving” or “the Halvening” which is a popular meme among bitcoiners.

When Bitcoin was created in 2009, the initial reward was 50 bitcoins. In November 2012, it dropped to 25btc after the first halving. The second halving will take place in July 2016, decreasing the reward to 12.5btc

Visit this website for more information, http://www.thehalvening.com/

Vault Exchanges

This is a very simple technique for moving money to foreign jurisdictions. When you have precious metals in your possession and you want to move them out of the country, for example, you can exchange them for Bitcoins in the originating jurisdiction and then use those Bitcoins without minutes to buy an equivalent amount of precious metals in your foreign vault service.

Elemetal Vault services works with Provident Metals to provide a vault storage service for people who want to store precious metals in a third party vault service. I see no indication that you can exchange your precious metals for Bitcoin but I think it would be very easy to arrange, especially because Provident Metals accepts Bitcoin.

There are other services of course, but I have to explain the details about Bullion Star.

Bullion in Singapore

Singapore is simply the best country in the world to buy and store bullion.

Singapore is the free-trade capital of the world and has a solid reputation in terms of property rights protection and ease of doing business. These conditions together with below mentioned advantages makes Singapore the ideal location for storing precious metals.

Tax-Free – There is no tax for bullion whatsoever in Singapore. No GST/VAT/Sales tax and no capital gains tax.

No Reporting Requirements – There are no domestic or international reporting requirements for buying, selling or storing gold in Singapore. No permits are necessary to import or export investment precious metals.

Cash Allowed – Cash makes sense. There is no counter party risk involved for cash and carry. If you settle in cash, you don’t have to place any trust in anyone. You get the bullion, we get the cash.

Safety & Security – The crime rate in Singapore is among the lowest in the world. Violent crime is almost unheard of. There’s a strong rule of law in Singapore. You can take physical possession and walk out with your precious metals without any problem.

Property Ownership Rights – Singapore is politically stable with strong property ownership rights protection.

Business Climate – Singapore consistently ranks top three globally in business climate reports measuring how easy and straightforward it is to conduct business in different countries.

Laws and Regulations – While governments in the EU and the USA try to curb investments into precious metals by introducing legislation that makes it difficult to purchase precious metals, the government of Singapore is dedicated to transform Singapore into a trading hub for precious metals. The Singaporean government encourages bullion dealers and refineries to set up their business in Singapore with the objective of increasing Singapore’s share of the global gold market from the present 2 % of global gold trade to 10 % by 2020.

Independence from the EU & USA – Singapore has no jurisdictional ties to the US or any country in Europe. Singapore is proud of its independence. BullionStar.com is just one vault service that you will want to research for this country.

Cold Storage

Any Bitcoins stored online will be vulnerable to hackers and security compromises and any online wallet provider who claims that its wallets are 100% hackproof is simply lying. Hackers are smart, technologically advanced, proficient and fiercely determined. Inputs.io was recently hacked for over 6400 bitcoins, and BitFloor was put out of business by hackers. However, hackers cannot steal Bitcoins that are stored offline in ‘cold storage’ encrypted containers.

I’m not promoting bitkee.com specifically, but I really do like the product and my research indicates that it is a reliable tool that will get you the protection and security you want with your Bitcoins. There are competing services and you will discover them with your research.

A paper wallet is a mechanism for storing bitcoins offline as a physical document. It can have all the necessary information to send and receive bitcoins without relying on a computer for storage and use.

You can use www.bitaddress.org or www.bitcoinpaperwallet.com to generate your own private paper wallet address and use these wallets to store your bitcoin on a paper document in a safe or other secure location.

Paper wallets are typically created by printing a newly generated public key and private key onto paper. When good security practices are followed paper wallets are one of the safest ways to store bitcoins physically and offline.

A bitkee is durable, fireproof, waterproof, corrosion resistant and invulnerable to software and hardware crashes. Specific precautions are taken to eliminate security risks when printing a bitkee. These wallets are produced in a Faraday cage, with very strict hard-drive destruction and security protocols. An example of a Faraday cage is your microwave, it will nearly block all frequencies to electronic devices, it’s not perfect and you can make your own with a greater degree of security, but this is a good example. Other examples include copper mesh wallets for your credit cards.

One other way to store Bitcoin and any other data is on a device such as a USB Drive or an SD card that has its own operating system installed. You would be able to keep this device on your key chain for example and “boot to it” on any computer and operate from it as if it’s your own computer using someone else’s monitor, mother board and keyboard, You will want to look into installing the free version of the Tails operating system or Linux on your USB Drive or SD card for this purpose.

Dark Laundering

The ability to buy large volumes of Bitcoin at one time is limited with most of the exchanges; however, https://darklaunder.com/ is one of those services that allow you to buy an unlimited amount of Bitcoins each day. This is a Bitcoin “tumbler” or “mixer”.

Once you get your volumes of money into Bitcoin, you can then free to use more services to increase your privacy. Here are some examples.

One of the main benefits of Bitcoin is the safety of its transactions. It is not regulated or managed by any government or banking institution; it is impossible to do so thanks to the nature of its design. Bitcoin is a completely secure and easy means of transferring money throughout the world. It is also very cheap to perform international payments with Bitcoin as credit cards charge commissions for every transaction that takes place.

You will want to do further research using these key phrases: “Dark Wallet” and “Dark Launder” along with https://www.darkwallet.is/.

Darkwallet is a community of projects developing a wallet with privacy, scalability and integrity. We see Bitcoin fundamentally as a new tool of business and trade in the free economy, more than a mere payments innovation.

The Darkwallet is our first step into a series of products that will touch upon tools for markets, governance and organization. These are tools we need for our own communities, where we aim to create self-managed spaces.

You will also want to review http://samouraiwallet.com/

Using Bitcoin Casinos To Launder Bitcoin

Bitcoin casinos essentially “clean” coins and you don’t even need to put in much effort. You can deposit “dirty” coins, play for a bit, withdraw your coins from the casinos, and voila! You’ve received bitcoins that have been transferred several times.

Laundering bitcoin works and using bitcoin casinos to do that is only one of the many ways to launder. If you do it correctly, there isn’t much anyone do about it. It will always be a game of cat and mouse.

Here is a rating schedule of different Bitcoin casinos: https://bitcoincasinos.reviews/

BEAT THE NEW WORLD ORDER WITH BIOGAS, WATER & GARDENS

As many of you probably know by now, one of the most violent times in American history, and the period of time that helped to create the modern day mafia (organized crime), was created because of “Prohibition”, the law against the manufacture and sale of alcohol and fuel. The oil companies, bankers and government were behind prohibition because it was intended to prevent farmers from making their own fuel and alcohol from farm products. Prohibition was instituted as a means to expand and maintain control over our nation’s energy supply, and eventually, facilitate the monopolization of international power with the dollar and oil.

It was an explosive period that led to the expansion of the black market (speakeasies) and bootlegging, which by the way helped the Kennedy family become rich, along with the mafia.

We now have another chance to do the right thing and this time government won’t be able to stop us. The average person, not just farmers, but people who have access to a small piece of land, your typical suburban home (¼ acre), can produce his own fuel, fertilizer, clean water and food, completely outside of the destructive interdependent monopolies we have today.

The power over energy can be decentralized among the people who use it instead of foreign powers and the costs will drop to nearly nothing. The following demonstrates what you can do, either some or all of what is listed here, to regain this power and enrich your own lives.

If you want a turn key solution, you will want to order the “HomeBioGas” digestor from www.homebiogas.com

 

If you want to do it yourself, you can use an “IBC”, an Intermediate Bulk Container and it looks like this:

IBC Biogas System, from Solar Cities, http://solarcities.eu/education/388 has produced a nine minute video that shows you how to make your own: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cwm5Rm8uIsk

Square Foot Garden

Imagine having your own fresh vegetables right in your backyard. Imagine planting fruit trees that produce fruit within 12 – 18 months. Look here to see what fruits and vegetables you can grow in Florida. You can order some seedlings for fruit trees such as the banana, lychee, blueberry, and Carambola that will produce fruit within twelve to eighteen months, and be sure to order non-hybrid, heirloom seeds for what you want to plant from seeds.

Water & Rain Catchment System

Water falls from the sky. Why don’t we collect it? This is money. We can easily add a rain barrel to the gutter systems on our roofs and instead of piping into one or two places in the lawn or garden, add it to your gray water reservoir and use it evenly for your gardens. You can even filter it and pump it back into your home for use in the kitchen and bathroom all over again.

Composting or High Efficiency Toilets

Composting toilets do not require water or plumbing, and high efficiency toilets do, but use far less water than the traditional toilets. I’ve researched this quite well and concluded that Separett and Biolet each have the best composting toilet, the Separett is half of the price of a Biolet, but each is probably worth the cost over the other brands.

Biosand or Reverse Osmosis Filter

You can make your own biosand filter from components at your local hardware store. If you just want something off the shelf, two brands that I really like are Berkey and LifeStaw, you can find those online.

Water can also be treated with ultra violet light, iodine, Adya Clarity (black mica) and tablets, and of course hydrogen peroxide and chlorine. You can only remove chlorine, arsenic and fluoride with a biosand or reverse osmosis filter.

Constructed Wetland

This is used for purifying “gray water” from your home. Gray water includes water from your shower and sink, but not your toilet (black water). You can avoid having black water by simply using a composting toilet. Search youtube for great examples of how to create your own constructed wetland and you will see that the best place for one is in your front yard, it will be a beautiful garden with a variety of flowers and plants that will purify your gray water. You then collect the run-off from the constructed wetland and either use it to water your gardens or pump it through a filtration system (biosand or reverse osmosis) and back into your home for use in the kitchen. Yes, this takes some plumbing and it changes the way we’ve been doing things for years, but remember that it’s your house and you need to decide how to manage your own resources.

Here is an example of a constructed wetland used to treat gray water.

Replace Dryer with Drying Racks/Desiccant and Clothes Line

Imagine the impact it would have on the energy system is just a fraction of people resumed using the same methods we used in the seventies and eighties to dry our clothing, a clothesline. Remember those? And it doesn’t have to be that perpetual awkward looking aluminum square frame in your back yard. Just hang a clothes line dispenser from your house in the back hard and extend the lines to a pole along the fence line only when you want to dry some clothing.

You can also pick up some drying racks that can be affixed to the wall in your laundry room or bathroom, or stand alone in the garage, that will dry your clothing as well, mostly out of site. Add a desiccant such as “Damp-Rid” and collect the water to add to your constructed wetland reservoir. Try not adding to your energy load with a dehumidifier though, unless it’s on solar.

PROTESTING IN THE STREET IS FOR FOOLS

Protesting in the street is for fools. You are only fighting with your own police at public expense and you really don’t accomplish anything, nothing substantial anyway. Evidence of this is that people still protest, why are we still protesting at this time in history? Because it doesn’t solve our problems. What will solve our problems is people doing things, changing their habits, opening their minds and cooperating, regardless of religious and political affiliations.

I realize that many of you will not have the stomach for the following list of strategies for protesting in a way that will actually change our society for the better, and many of you will create excuses or believe it’s impossible to do these things, but I can tell you from first hand experience, doing most of these things myself for 25 years, it is possible and we should do them if we want our society restored to some degree of freedom.

These are peaceful and intelligent (self-serving) methods of protesting. Some of these require more detail and explanation but just know that these things can be done, yes some with a little planning, but you can and should do these if you really want to emancipate yourself from this police state that has developed around us.

These are first level strategies, which implies there are more levels, but I don’t think most people are ready for the first level, so I’m not going to list the second level at this time.

Make a QR Code from the URL above and affix it to adhesive labels and circulate on $1 bills.

Cash out of all bank accounts, all annuities, and life insurance.

Roll over your 401k/IRA into allocated precious metals.

Stop trying to be “politically correct”, say what you mean and speak directly, express yourself.

Use encryption, cover cameras on devices, turn off microphone and video permissions.

Use a virtual private network (VPN) to access the Internet and use “The Onion Router” TOR.

Disconnect Internet when not in use or at night.

Store electronic devices in a Faraday cage at night (copper mesh envelope/box or microwave).

If you call a business and hear a message stating that “…this call may be recorded…”, be sure that the first thing you say when the employee answers is… “I don’t want my voice recorded without the license agreement…” and then continue with the call. Explain to anyone who calls you, any business or attorney that is, that the call may be recorded for security purposes and then record it. Keep the recordings in a computer file labeled appropriately.

Use an alias whenever possible and as much as possible.

When you buy or sell real estate (residential homes), do not transfer the title or get title insurance or homeowners insurance.  Instead, make one final transfer of the title to an LLC and then write a contract for the “buyer” to simply take possession.  Offset insurance needs by other financial planning and upgrading fixtures.

Use Bitcoin or other cryptographic currency, cold storage and multisig wallets will protect you.

Exchange your extra cash for silver and gold and store them in a vault.

Buy a variety of guns and ammunition, get training, and store them safely on your property.

Convert your lawn into gardens and help your neighbors do the same.

Use only heirloom, non-hybrid and of course non-GMO seeds, and practice saving seeds and sharing.

Convert lawn mower into “plasma fuel processor” (Paul Pantone) for battery bank.

Build vegetable gardens and plant fruit trees on your property and in the community.

Build a community green house, or hydroponic garden or aquaponic garden.

Eliminate trash and trash-pick up with compactors, composting and neighborhood recycling for profit.

Cultivate a chicken coop for food, sharing and trading.

Cultivate a small fish farm for food, sharing and trading.

Can your own food for sharing and storing.

Patron your local farm, support the distribution of raw milk.

Make your own soap and candles or buy at wholesale discounts from those who do.

Buy discounted food in large quantities for storage.

Buy paper products and soap at discounted wholesale prices for storage.

Stock medical supplies, e.g. first aid, and traditional antiseptics, e.g. iodine & alcohol.

Stock traditional liquors, to be used for medical, trade or consumption.

Build a water management or catchment system for your house to filter and store water.

Subscribe to and promote real journalism online and activist groups.

Use cash or Bitcoin, do not use consumer credit.

Replace central air conditioning with ductless system and solar heating for water and air.

Replace toilets with composting toilets (Biolet).

Use private, captive insurance for home, property, automobile and health (no insurance co.)

Place “Mason bee” beehives at morning sun-facing locations near your home and community.

Boycott Obamacare and federal benefits.

Get out of your “W-4” type job and become an entrepreneur (or do both while in transition).

Operate your business, whatever it is, in the “Systeme D” economy, (the black market).

Adjust your taxes so that on your next tax return, the IRS will owe you as much as possible, don’t file that return, then stop filing, stop using your SSN, stop getting business and occupational licenses.

Stop using corporations for business, replace with associations and cryptographic currency.

Use corporations and trusts only for holding title to property and removing funds from the bank.

Boycott the census.

Form a community in which you can share these ideas.

Home School your children, but don’t register or qualify with your county, do it on your own.

Boycott vaccines & CDC schedule, at least for the first year after birth.

Don’t disclose name of newborn at hospital to avoid SSN application, within the first year of birth, amend birth certificate with the following name:

NON-NEGOTIABLE TOP SECRET CLASSIFIED INVALID VOID COUNTERFEIT INSTRUMENT NOT VALID IN TRADE OR COMMERCE”

Name your child what you want and record the name in your own private family records.

Use this birth certificate for an International passport, use 000-00-0000 in place of SSN.

Change utility bills, credit and banking into fictitious names with no SSN.

Use a mail box address instead of your home address, and accept mail at your home using an alias.

Replace your home address on your driver license with a different residential or mailbox address.

Register to vote with an address in a county where you do not reside.

Register your car in a fictitious name using the same address where you do not reside.

Vote for honorable and respectable people who have already passed away at each election (write-in).

Don’t use your driver license for identification, except at a traffic stop.

Use an International Driving Permit (IDP) and a United States Passport for identification.

If chosen for jury duty, attend, act like a stupid consumer so you will be chosen for jury duty and then inform everyone about jury nullification and the power of the jury over judicial offices and the court.

Do not register for Selective Service.

Upgrade your car engine to get better gas mileage (www,gadgetmangroove.com).

Reject smart meter on your home and have it replaced with an analog meter.

After you complete a water management system, disconnect from public water works.

Ween yourself off of pharmaceuticals and get in shape, (P90X and Perricone Prescription).

Replace D.O.E. student loans, with peer-to-peer lending and crowd funding for college.

Assemble community scale recycling to produce factory grade HDPE pellets & glass cullet.

Produce and manage your own energy using magnetic generator, battery bank and photovoltaic (PV).

Dry your clothes on a clothesline.

Install a sub-panel that is off-grid and connect heavy load appliances (AC, Range, etc.)

Produce hydrogen gas and methanol from solar for profit.

FUTURE OF MONEY, CORPORATIONS AND THE MACHINES

A friend of mine called me on the morning of the World Trade Center bombing, while it was taking place and told me to turn on the television to see what was happening. I saw the first tower on fire. A few minutes later I watched a second airliner fly into the other tower and explode. I looked at my wife and said “They’re trying to save the Federal Reserve.” Of course she only had a blank stare in response. I explained that this is the beginning of some kind of war in order to perpetuate the Federal Reserve and the dollar. A short while later we heard Bush proclaim that it was a single terrorist who perpetrated this event and that the United States had to attack the country of Iraq because it had “weapons of mass destruction”. I didn’t know just how big the plot was, that is, that it would lead to a long series of wars in the middle east and I didn’t know that the event was also used to destroy evidence and steal gold, but I knew enough.

I had been warning people since the early nineties about the Walmart locations being used to house our military and capture the people into some kind of totalitarian system of slavery. My comments were the brunt of every joke, no one could conceive of such a thing that long ago, and yet today people are shocked to be watching it from many sources on the Internet. Remember, I was saying this before the Internet had browsers to make it more accessible to everyone. Now we have unconstitutional laws and illegal policies such as the Patriot Act, National Defense Authorization Act, the so-called “FISA” court, the Affordable Care Act, and illegal surveillance, immigration, the TSA and the list has been growing since the World Trade Center bombing event.

Everyone laughed when I explained that the war in Afghanistan was for the purpose of securing the poppy fields for the opium and to support our pharmaceutical industry while at the same time, importing illegal opium for the production of heroin. Since then, illegal drug use has increased by orders of magnitude, especially in the northwest. There has been an explosion in the use of opium for new pharmaceuticals.

The reason I explain these things, that I saw much of what was coming twenty years ago, is because I want people to listen this time and even though some of my ideas may seem outrageous, they could save many households, especially if communities will work together. I’m going to make a new prediction, it’s about the future of money, and then I’ll explain how we can save ourselves from what’s coming by how we use money and our ability to produce resources.

This article first introduces some concepts about the future of money and how it will finally be used to serve people instead of as a tool to enslave people. We’ll then explore some possible changes in the rules of court that will allow people to bring corporations back under control of people and to serve peoples’ interests first. And finally, we will discuss the future of robots, robotic systems and artificial intelligence in our society and how people can dramatically benefit from these innovations.

Future of Money (NWO failed)

The so-called “New World Order” plan sought by the so-called “elite” as referred to by some, includes forcing people into a cashless economy, for all the evil intentions you’ve probably heard. What these psychopaths did not expect is the Internet, cryptographic currency and the blockchain, and I’m not talking about the bankers’ version of these, I’m talking about truly open source, encrypted blockchain (distributed ledger) and Bitcoin applications. And if you believe that the Internet and Bitcoin can simply be made illegal, you lack enough information to understand why this is not likely (just like the World Bank’s failed attempt to levy taxes on the rain over Argentina). I’ll explain more later, but just know that a new, user-based Internet is being constructed around the world by its users so that there are no more Internet Service Providers that can be regulated. It’s called the “mesh net” or “IPV 6.0”. This will eliminate government from our Internet, while still allowing government to use the Internet just like everyone else.

But let’s talk money. People produce money with labor. Money is gold and silver and people dig it out of the ground. Governments and corporations only use money. Profit is the productive use of money for the benefit of people who own corporations.

Governments and corporations have been given too many privileges over the use of our money. They have severely abused these privileges and therefore, must be substantially limited in their use going forward.

When a government or corporation issues credit or a money equivalent such as a bond, it does not become money until people work for it. Again, only people produce money and they do it with labor. I know some of you may have arguments in response because you attended some college courses in economics or have traded stock in a stock exchange, but but I’m not trying to be technically correct or comprehensive. My purpose is to publish some ideas to hopefully inform people about how to adopt better practices and save their families.

Stolen Property in Trust

Our immediate concern is that there is much gold and silver being held by governments and corporations. We want our governments to have some gold, but the corporations (with few exceptions) do not need gold in order to serve the interests of people. In fact, I will argue that while corporations may hold gold and silver, none of them are the owners of gold and silver because this is the money of people and it has been acquired by the corporations largely through illegal means, at least over the last century. My argument is that, for the most part, corporations holding precious metals today, such as JPMorgan, are doing so for the purpose of manipulating markets and re-capitalizing themselves after having spent the last century stealing our wealth. The precious metals that have been stolen by these corporations are not rightfully theirs; and therefore, these thieves are merely the trustees of our gold and silver and must manage them in a way that serves people exclusively and not solely for the profits of the corporations or their investors and executives.

Abandon the Dollar

People need to realize that they do not need to hold and use fiat currency any longer because we have technology. We can use cryptographic currency along with precious metals and vault services so that we can have the best of both worlds, the use of precious metals, the security of Bitcoin and, when absolutely necessary, settlements in fiat currencies. This becomes a boycott on fiat and frees people to have privacy and the ability to accumulate wealth without this fiat system of gatekeepers that has been strangling humanity for hundreds if not thousands of years. Saving money using Bitcoin and precious metals actually makes good sense; whereas, the system of fiat we had before this technology made it a bad idea to save money like people did a hundred years ago. Now we can do that again and be rewarded for it and the longer we hold our money this way, the more buying power it will have.

There are Bitcoin wallet services that allow you to store your money in any precious metal, a wide range of foreign currencies, and a range of cryptographic currencies such as Bitcoin and Lite-coin. Some of these are completely anonymous and some are not. Some of these services allow you to store your money in Bitcoin or gold until the moment you buy something at the point of sale. You might have a Bitcoin in your wallet service and when you use this account to buy groceries for example, the purchase is converted into the correct amount of dollars at the moment you spend it. People are quickly discovering that for the first time in known history, they can eliminate the gatekeeper system that had kept us unfairly confined.

We can choose to avoid using the money equivalents of governments and corporations (i.e. bonds and credit). Beginning in 2009, people once again resumed their use of gold and silver, but with more sophistication using technology. People no longer need to hold metal coins for trading when they can now use Bitcoin for the settlement or transactions in gold and silver.

People will stop adding value to the fiat currency equivalents created by governments and corporations. People are quickly discovering that they can replace their use of fiat for cryptographic currency with far more security, and have the use of real money. Couple this with a few more changes to how we’ve been doing things and we’ll see spectacular benefits for people and entrepreneurs.

Bitcoin, and cryptographic currency in general, provides enough security so that we can use money in a more secure way that anyone has ever been able to do throughout history. This subject because quite complex so you’ll have to do your own research and discover the security measures of Bitcoin for yourself. But you will soon wonder why you ever thought a bank was a safe place to keep your money.

Fair Pricing and Lending

First, change the way, at least residential real estate is valued or priced. Stop pricing it based upon what people are currently selling property for in a particular market, such as the “fair market value” or the “comparable” methods that are being used now. The valuation of real estate should be based on today’s current costs of materials, labor and a premium added by the builder. The price of real estate is going to fall for many years to come, and this is the perfect opportunity to get away from using the banking system to finance residential homes.

People may even consider recording the title of a home during the next closing in a corporation and from that point on, sell only possession under an appropriate contract so that the title never changes. People, generally, will need to understand this and be amenable to the reasons for doing it instead of recording the title in the occupant’s name.

The second change I recommend is in consumer lending. An aspect of my second point is consumer lending, so I wanted to explain that I’m including insurance in this category. Replace standard homeowners insurance with steps that limit risk and damage, such as fireproofing, upgrading fixtures and installing your own security and surveillance using the Internet. We can also offset our home insurance needs by using assets to not only pay for our homes (at least in part) but meet the balance of its insurance needs and maintenance costs. Combine this with insurance that covers only specific risks that are too high for the homeowner to accept on his own, such as catastrophic events like wind, earthquake or flood damage, and you have a very affordable plan for risk management.

We can also form captive insurance organizations to serve these purposes and to take it to the next level, communities can work together to form their own private captive insurance organizations to provide homeowners with catastrophic coverage, as well as meet most of the needs of automobile insurance. We might still have a need to “outsource” some of this type of risk to larger companies, but I believe most of our car and home insurance needs can be met using these methods.

When it comes to actual consumer loans, such as those between corporations and people, they must be limited to hard money loans that do not exceed 7 years. The costs of financing should be excluded from the actual money lent. The usual limitations on interest rates should be enforced without exception, no more pay-day type loans with the outrageous interest rates we’ve been seeing in recent years.

We don’t need new laws in order to make these changes, we just need people to demand these types of loan contracts when they make consumer purchases. There are many legal form publishers online that allow anyone to create a loan contract with any terms and we can use these, without an attorney, to create our own loan terms using these criteria. It will require your own self-discipline and planning and you will need to avoid the temptation of going into long-term debts with high interest rates that have become the standard, at least in north America.

Interest rates may be factored into the principal and fees and costs charged for the services provided by the lender, outside of the loan instrument. In other words, if I want to borrow $5,000 for a car, I pay the lender a fee of $150 for the service of lending me the money, and for a $5,000 face value loan, I receive $4,400, for example. Lenders should also be precluded from selling the loan contract, or any part of it. There are more traditional ways to offset this type of risk. We’ve seen what happens when car dealerships for example sell loan contracts before you even drive the car off of the lot. The dealership becomes nothing more than a banking facility instead of a car dealership.

Considering these changes, people need to adopt new methods of obtaining financing with mechanisms involving “crowd funding” and “loan brokering” that are being done with software applications between people and businesses alike.

Distributed Ledger

I believe we will soon discover very many functions of government and corporations can be replaced by applications on the blockchain using its distributed ledger technology. This is nothing different than the trend to replace people with robots and robotic systems in factories, farming and industry.

Existing methods of data management (e.g. collection of taxes, interaction with people), especially of personal data, typically involve large legacy IT systems located within a single institution. To these are added an array of networking and messaging systems to communicate with the outside world, which adds cost and complexity. Highly centralized systems present a high cost single point of failure. They may be vulnerable to an attack via information control systems and the data is often out of sync, out of date or simply inaccurate.

Distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) allow users to modify records in a shared database, i.e. the ledger, without necessarily needing to use a central validation system that imposes its own standards and processes.

The blockchain can improve record keeping in the public sector. Factom has reportedly partnered with the Honduras government on a blockchain program to record land ownership. The program’s goal is to reduce fraud and corruption associated with a government-controlled centralized registry by substituting that system with a transparent, distributed ledger.

Other public sector uses include vehicle registries, digital identities for individuals, voting records and benefits disbursements.

In the energy sector, a South African company integrated bitcoin payments into smart utility meter reading to enable customers to prepay utility bills digitally. This system is especially helpful for “unbanked” customers, and it is easier to administer.

Horizontal blockchain applications apply to numerous industries. Such applications include automated audits, smart contracts and enhanced cyber security.

Smart contracts – agreements that can automatically activate actions based on specific conditions – could reduce administrative costs by “self-enforcing,” such as requiring a driver to be current on lease payments in order to start a leased car.

Blockchain technology can change the role of corporate audits by allowing a third party to verify a distributed network to ensure the transactions are accurate, complete and unalterable.

Cryptographic signing using blockchain can enable immediate detection of data manipulation and verifying IT system integrity, giving blockchain a role in cyber security. Guardtime, a company based in Estonia, has explored such a solution.

I believe this development can replace many of the labor intensive aspects of data management, removing the “middle man” so to speak and that we should embrace these changes. We should not fear replacing people with automated systems because this fear is based on the false premise that more people with more with jobs is better for the economy because of the “velocity of money” proposition. You will soon discover that this is false and used to keep everyone buying into the slave system we’ve experience over the last century.

Smart contracts and the blockchain are also beginning to replace the need for a court system and attorneys in most transactions.

Through a network of smart contracts built on the public Ethereum blockchain, the benefits offered by the New York Convention and other alternative dispute resolution services will be made more available.

Still in its development phase, Andreas Antonopoulos and his co-creator, Pamela Morgan, CEO of Third Key Solutions, intend for the DAMN (Decentralized Arbitration and Mediation Network) to provide users with layers of choices regarding whether a dispute will be resolved by a person, an algorithm, pools of random jurors, pools of experts, through collaboration of the parties involved or even another DAO specially set up for mediation.

Those who opt into the system will also be given a choice if the decision will be made public or not.

Because the legal infrastructure set in place by the New York Convention is enforceable across borders in nations that also include China, the UK, Russia, Iran and Israel, the idea is that smart contracts that are compliant might also be enforceable.

An attorney with a background in commercial arbitration has explained what she viewed as the true power behind the encoding of alternative dispute resolution services into the Ethereum blockchain. According to the non-profit democracy research organization Public Citizen, the cost of initiating arbitration is “almost always higher” than the cost of a dispute resolution within a court controlled lawsuit.

In two examples provided on its website, the fee for a $60,000 claim was $221 compared to an arbitration fee of $10,925, an increase of 4,943%. Further, an $80,000 claim would cost $221, compared to $11,625 at an arbitrator, or a 5,260% difference. This can all be avoided and people can have access to the enforcement of agreements without the costly and cumbersome legacy system of gatekeepers and the courts.

Replacing Pension Funds

Pension funds, at least private ones, have been stolen by the big banks. You will need to create a plan to replace the benefits you expected from your pension fund. The assets of these banks should be held in trust and returned to the pension funds, but corruption may preclude this for some years. In order to compensate, people will need to immediately adopt the use of Bitcoin and precious metals and either acquire one or more cash flow assets or create one or more using the many opportunities we now have.

Factored into this idea is the necessity for people to offset living costs using gardening for food, renewable energy production using their own homes and land instead of buying it from the energy grid, and producing clean water on their own properties. Imagine if everyone were growing vegetables, what would the price of vegetables be at your local grocery store? You probably would not have any being sold that way after most people adopted the practice of having their own gardens. In fact, people would probably freely exchange vegetables for free just to be neighborly.

People will need to buy what supplies they can in discounted bulk, preferably at wholesale prices, and avoid buying processed foods. Instead, buy fifty pound bags of flour, sugar and rice. Buy bars of soap in loaves or blocks and cut it yourself. Plan on food and supply storage in terms of 90 days to periods of one or several years. The same is true for cleaning supplies, fabric, clothing, first aid and medical supplies such as antiseptics. Antibiotics will still require a physician or special storage facility with special knowledge on how to administer them and when. There is nothing wrong with having rely on a physician for things like this, only once in a while. The same is true for emergency supplies of blood, but we don’t need to see a doctor for every little incident.

People can produce eighty percent of their own food by gardening, composting and canning. We can generate most of our own energy by first reducing our consumption of energy while still living very comfortably, but we don’t need to spend hundreds of dollars a month for our energy needs.

Additionally, we don’t need to give away the recyclable materials (glass, plastic, paper and metals) each week for free so that they can be used to make enormous profits for a few people that run the waste management systems. These materials are money, we pay services to take them away when we already have the technology to partially process these materials on a community level so that these resources directly benefit people and not a few corporate assets for the 1/10 of 1 percent.

People will need to work together and collect their own waste for the purpose of selling partially recycled materials including plastic (e.g. beads), glass (e.g cullet), metals and paper back into the manufacturing supply stream.

The “velocity of money” is propaganda and a lie. We have been “taught” for years by the media that a healthy economy is indicated by higher velocities of money, in other words, the more that consumers spend, the better the economy becomes. The truth is that more consumer spending simply allows the people at the top to make more money while the majority of people buy more liabilities so that the people in the top 1/10 of 1 percent enjoy increases in the value of their assets that facilitate this consumer spending. We don’t need a higher velocity of money to have a healthy economy. Economies are local, they serve people.

People do have a need to buy consumer products, such as electronics, entertainment, appliances, cars, furniture, food, medical care, etc.; however, we don’t need to buy these things at the volumes and levels promoted by the propaganda given everyday, and we certainly don’t need to do it using credit.

These seem like drastic measures, but are well within about abilities and without unreasonable costs. We can and will adopt these changes and this is why the so-called “new world order” has failed.

Corporations Under Control

Corporations do not and can never have the same rights as people as corporations are creates of statute and derive their existences from statutes. Corporations have no conscience and must therefore be regulated. People do not derive any rights from statutes and are the creators of statutes, not the subjects.

It has become clear now that corporations, not all of them, but a list of them, have been used to exploit people and monopolize the resources that are rightfully and naturally those of people and not corporations. These corporations have engineered a legal system that protects them against real claims to correct and recover from damages they cause. The people need access to a forum within our existing legal structure that allows them to reasonably force corporations to be operated in a way that not only serves shareholders, but the people who are directly impacted by what corporations do in our economy.

In each state, there is a supreme court that set the rules of how the courts can be used by anyone making a claim. These rules, known as the rules of civil procedure, set forth an adversarial forum in nearly every situation. I’m proposing that we need a forum, using our existing rules and statutes, that gives the court jurisdiction to solve consumer abuse situations where government agencies have failed and previous lawsuits have not given real solutions to the same problems.

Corporations must serve people and to the extent they actually injure people, they need to be changed or dissolved. We can have our supreme courts add a new set of pleading requirements for the protection of consumers that would allow people (consumers) to use the power of the court to fix this system which has grown to exploit people. We don’t need new regulations or a top down approach, that has shown to only keep new businesses out of the marketplace. Instead, we need to give the power of regulation back to the people using the system we already have in place.

We need a set of pleading requirements that creates a forum for judicial review that is not adversarial. It must have bonding requirements for the petitioner so that the chance of frivolous or destructive petitions is limited. An example pleading may require that a bond-fide list of adversely affected people be identified and that a substantial but reasonable bond be required before the court will hear the petition.

The court would function much like an involuntary receivership, where the judge or a panel of judges may appoint a special master or trustee to conduct an audit or other investigation of the corporation’s activities. The “subject corporation” would not be permitted to appear or defend itself as this would not be an adversarial proceeding, but more of a remedial proceeding to correct problems being caused by the corporation.

Today we have a problem with foreign corporations using the state courts to take property from people and many of these have not been domesticated and do not have adequate bonding. The states are thereby deprived of a substantial amount of revenue from this use of our court system. As aspect of the judicial review must include registration and bonding requirements that have not been met by businesses engaged in activities within the state. This must also include equal treatment for federal agencies, all of them.

Agencies like the IRS, EPA, DEA or DOE would not be permitted to operate without first meeting the domestication and bonding requirements of the state, thereby making these agencies subject to judicial review and correction within this forum. The same would be true of corporations operating as monopolies in a market that is depriving people of the benefits of fair market competition.

This judicial forum would be able to alleviate obstacles that are currently precluding companies from competing with those that currently have a monopoly stranglehold in a market.

Robots and Artificial Intelligence

Yes, it’s likely that robots, robotic systems and advance software, soon to become known as artificial intelligence, will replace people in many professions and occupations People are afraid of this because the perception is that there will be less jobs and a greater surplus of labor and downward pressure on wages and benefits. I would agree with this premise; however, it’s not something to fear once you realize that we’ve been incorrectly taught to believe that the economy needs people working at jobs to make everyone prosper.

The reality is that this propaganda has been published for the last century for the sole purpose of making the top 1/10 of 1% richer and the rest of us poorer. We must acknowledge that there are many more millionaires thanks to this system, but as we can see by current events, we are headed for a catastrophic, worldwide economic collapse. It’s doesn’t have to be so difficult, we just need to be reasonable and look at the truth.

I know this is a limited view from having lived in suburban north America my entire life, but most of what people buy in the economy can be provided on roughly ¼ acre of land. We can grow about 80% of our own food, provide more than 100% of our own water and sewage needs and more than 100% of our own energy needs, including fuel for the car. Additionally, we can put our children through school, including college and post-graduate, for a few hundred dollars a year in today’s money by simply re-organizing those resources using technology. I will explain more about this in a future article.

If this were currently the way we lived, what would be the individual’s need for money? Would it be about half of what is was, how about a fourth? I think it would be about a fourth. And I think that fourth could be further reduced by selling surpluses of food, water and energy. This is just the basic idea, the beginning. A quarter acre of land can nearly eliminate most people’s needs for money, because having your own food, water, shelter and energy, is money.

Let’s revisit this matter of robots taking our jobs. Maybe it’s a little less frightening after considering the foregoing possibilities? Now imagine instead of showing up for work each day, you built a robot or artificially intelligent software program or a combination of the two, to replace you at work. But because you built this technology, you simply lease it back to your company to fill your spot. So instead of earning so much money per hour, minus taxes, you earn income from a contract with the company which is using your technology. Okay, I know this is not practical. I couldn’t build my own robot or AI platform, but I know that if one existed, I could invest in the technology along with hundreds of other people.

In fact, we need to reconsider our entire participation in this economy. We need to look at the new technology that will replace people as a means to expand our investment opportunities. We need to own the robots, own the robotic systems and components, artificial intelligence (AI), intellectual property rights related to robots and AI, own the lease agreements, the contracts with companies that use these robots, service and maintenance agreements and insurance contracts and companies. We need to own every aspect of the industry where robots and IA replace people. But I haven’t forgotten about the most important element, energy.

Remember that I was just explaining that we can and should produce our own energy on our own private property? Well, there will easily be a surplus which should be sold back to the grid. In fact, we should sell so much power back to the grid that we will have little need for utility scale energy production. In fact, we will finally realize that the systemic risks are too great to continue producing energy this way, and that individuals should be producing energy. This is the same source of energy that the robotic and AI systems will be using, once we control the energy, we control everything, people will then recover the political power that was stolen from them in the last century.

BITCOIN FOR THE ENTREPRENEUR

One of the most important and recent innovations that millionaires will consider using for investment and entrepreneurial ventures is without question, Bitcoin. You’ve probably heard many explanations of what “Bitcoin” is, and I’m sure it’s all of those things and more; but I wanted to add some commentary from the perspective of entrepreneurs to the conversation. Specifically, Bitcoin and the blockchain technology are the latest and quickly becoming the most powerful tools of the social entrepreneur. More specifically, the social entrepreneur working in System D, the ten trillion dollar black market, global economy. If this is the first time you’ve heard of it, you should know it has become the worlds fastest growing economy, without Bitcoin.

System D or l’economie de la débrouillardise is about getting things done, providing products and services to customers while avoiding unfair and monopolistic regulations and taxes. I felt it was important to include this mention of System D to demonstrate just how significant cryptographic currency and blockchain technology are, and will become.

In 2009, the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) concluded that half the world’s workers (almost 1.8 billion people) were employed in the shadow economy. By 2020, the OECD predicts the shadow economy will employ two-thirds of the world’s workers. This new economy even has a name: “System D.” System D is a slang phrase pirated from French-speaking Africa and the Caribbean. The French have a word that they often use to describe particularly effective and motivated people. They call them débrouillards. To say a man is a débrouillard is to tell people how resourceful and ingenious he is. The former French colonies have sculpted this word to their own social and economic reality. They say that inventive, self-starting, entrepreneurial merchants who are doing business on their own, without registering or being regulated by the bureaucracy and, for the most part, without paying taxes, are part of “l’economie de la débrouillardise.” Or, sweetened for street use, “Systeme D.” This essentially translates as the ingenuity economy, the economy of improvisation and self-reliance, the do-it-yourself, or DIY, economy.” – Freakomonics.com

It is my opinion that those of us interested in renewable energy, sustainable architecture and humanitarian projects will need to understand all of the aspects of Bitcoin, cryptographic currency and blockchain technology.

Bitcoin is one application within an Internet or network based mathematical protocol known as the blockchain. The important features of Bitcoin have their origins in the early nineteen-eighties and cryptography. Before the advent of blockchain technology within the Internet, a “blockchain” was a mechanical system used for heavy lifting, much like the pulley or hydraulics. The blockchain has become a metaphor to describe the “heavy lifting” that it is used for today as a network based mathematical protocol.

The application that we’ve come to know as “Bitcoin” has recently been defined in different countries as currency, a commodity, and an asset, and these countries will continue trying to define Bitcoin and cryptographic currency for many years to come. The interest that nations have with cryptographic currency is most likely in taxation and third party regulation, the core structure of government itself.

When I use the term Bitcoin in this writing, you can apply my explanation to nearly any cryptographic currency. I like to use the word “currency”, but remember, Bitcoin may also be correctly defined in many other ways, such as a “network protocol for the settlement of payments”. Bitcoin is an “open ledger” and its source code is “open source”, meaning that the program that runs Bitcoin can be reviewed by anyone and it can be downloaded and modified to create a new species of cryptographic currency or even a new application for the blockchain itself. Likewise, it is possible to review every single transaction since it was first launched on January 3, 2009. That’s correct, no transaction in Bitcoin is private or secret, every transaction is logged permanently into the blockchain database; however, it is possible to sever your identity from any transaction using the correct encryption techniques.

One exciting prospect I wanted to comment on now is the possibility of requiring your local or national government to use Bitcoin or some version of it. A simple computer application could generate a daily audit showing exactly who is spending what money and paying whom, and with nearly zero cost. It could be made a matter of law that this audit is available on a website every day. The history of transactions could never be altered, ever. Furthermore, anyone using cryptographic currency in the commission of a crime could be investigated by the same police strategies that are used today, with a little consulting about blockchain technology in the early days of course.

You have probably heard that Bitcoin was created by one or more individuals, probably hackers, under the alias “Satoshi Nakamoto”. You can learn more about this history at www.bitcoin.org and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitcoin_network. It’s an interesting history but let’s discuss more about the terminology and common uses for Bitcoin today and in the near future.

You will want to follow several of the experts who regularly publish interviews and videos about Bitcoin and its latest news. Two of these individuals are Andreas Antonopoulous and Max Keiser. My Youtube channel has a Bitcoin playlist with many of the best videos on the subject and you can find it via youtube.com under “singleton press”. There are many categories or subjects involving Bitcoin so I decided to simply organize this information with a list of each and then an explanation with references I felt were important. Let’s begin with an understanding of the Bitcoin structure or format as it’s used for money.

Bitcoins began being produced or “mined” in January of 2009. At that time nearly anyone could allow the network to borrow processing time on a computer and at some point, the computer would reward the user for this with Bitcoin money. The production of Bitcoin s has been very intelligently calculated to mimic the mining rate of gold. Its protocol is limited to producing only 21,000,000 Bitcoin s. As of the year 2014, half of those Bitcoin s were already produced; however, it will take another 95 years to produce the last whole Bitcoin, and another 40 years to produce the last fraction of a Bitcoin, known as a “Satoshi”. The last Bitcoin, or fraction of a Bitcoin (Satoshi) will be produced in the year 2140.

A Satoshi is 0.00000001 or one hundred-millionth of a Bitcoin. Instead of one hundred parts to a unit of currency such as for most fiat currencies, Bitcoin has one hundred million fractions for each unit. This makes is possible to ultimately have 2.1 quintillion units of Bitcoin currency. A “thousandth” of a Bitcoin (.001) is known by the notation mBTC, or a “millibitcoin”; and a “millionth” of a Bitcoin (.000001) is known by the notation μBTC, or a “microbitcoin”. It’s my prediction that these terms will be the most commonly used for Bitcoin s in the coming years simply because I believe that we’ll see Bitcoin s being sold for tens of thousands of dollars. At some point, possibly in the next twenty years, I’m predicting that no one will care how many dollars a Bitcoin costs because nearly no one will be using dollars for anything, or should I say anything important.

Please also see https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Units.

Bitcoin is not recognized by the ISO and therefore does not have an official ISO 4217 code. A currency code is generally built from the two-digit ISO 3316 country code and a third letter for the currency. Although “BTC” is often used in the Bitcoin community, BT is the country code of Bhutan. An X-code reflects currencies that are used internationally and so, XE has chosen to use XBT to represent Bitcoin.

The various Bitcoin exchanges you will discover provide you with rates of exchange from the Bitcoin to other currency and many are beginning to include rates from Bitcoin to precious metals. The website www.preev.com is one such free service, but it’s not an exchange. You’ll want to use “XAU” as the code for gold and “XAG” for silver since these may not be in the drop-down box.

Bitcoin Mining – ASIC and Authentication

Let’s go back to the mention of how Bitcoins come into existence, through Bitcoin “mining”.

Mining is the process of adding transaction records to Bitcoin ‘s public ledger of past transactions. This ledger of past transactions is called the block chain as it is a chain of blocks. The block chain serves to confirm transactions to the rest of the network as having taken place.

Developers use computer clusters to solve complex mathematical equations and verify transactions, thereby earning, or “mining,” Bitcoin .

The act of generating new Bitcoins and of tracking Bitcoin transactions go hand in hand, and both are accomplished through a process known as “mining”. This is where it starts to get a little complicated.

Basically, mining occurs when a computer or a network of computers runs Bitcoin software. That software creates new entries in Bitcoin ’s public record of transactions, called block chains. The math is complicated and hard to forge, so the block chain stays accurate. Because anyone can download and install the Bitcoin software for free, the payment processing and record-keeping for Bitcoin is done in a widely distributed way, rather than on one particular server.

When block chains are created, so are new Bitcoins — but there’s a hard limit to how many will ever exist. The system was designed to create more Bitcoin s at first, then to dwindle exponentially over time. The first set of block chains each created 50 Bitcoins. The next set each created 25 Bitcoins, and so on. New block chains are created roughly every 10 minutes no matter what; when more computers are actively mining, the program they’re running gets harder (and therefore slower) to compensate.

Ironically, Bitcoin s don’t exist anywhere, even on a hard drive. We talk about someone having Bitcoin s, but when you look at a particular Bitcoin address, there are no digital Bitcoin s held in it, in the same way that you might hold pounds or dollars in a bank account. You cannot point to a physical object, or even a digital file, and say “this is a Bitcoin ”.

Instead, there are only records of transactions between different addresses, with balances that increase and decrease. Every transaction that ever took place is stored in a vast public ledger called the block chain. If you want to work out the balance of any Bitcoin address, the information isn’t held at that address; you must reconstruct it by looking at the block chain.

What does a transaction look like? If a person sends some Bitcoin s to another person, that transaction will have three pieces of information: An input. This is a record of which Bitcoin address was used to send the Bitcoin s to the first person in the first place (maybe he received them from his friend a week ago). An amount. This is the amount of Bitcoin s that the first person is sending to the second. An output. This is the recipient’s Bitcoin address.

You need two things to send Bitcoins: a Bitcoin address and a private key. A Bitcoin address isn’t like a bank account; you don’t need mountains of paperwork and identification to set one up. In fact, they are generated randomly, and are simply sequences of letters and numbers. The private key is another sequence of letters and numbers, but unlike your Bitcoin address, this is kept secret.

Think of your Bitcoin address as a safe deposit box with a glass front. Everyone knows what is in it, but only the private key can unlock it to take things out or put things in.

When the sender wants to send Bitcoin s to the recipient, he uses her private key to sign a message with the input (the source transaction(s) of the coins), amount, and output (recipient’s address).

He then sends them from his Bitcoin wallet out to the Bitcoin network. Bitcoin miners then verify the transaction, putting it into a transaction block and eventually solving it.

Please also review http://www.bitcoinmining.com/getting-started/

Bitcoin Exchanges

Even though Bitcoin does not need a third party or a counter party to be involved in transactions (like your bank), they provide much needed services, especially for the Bitcoin user. It’s likely that the more sophisticated Bitcoin users never use exchanges or counter parties, but instead, use Bitcoin in its truest form, peer to peer, or payor to payee.

You can use Bitcoin s for all sorts of real transactions. To do so, you first buy Bitcoin s however you like, either through your credit card, a bank account or even anonymously with cash. Then your Bitcoin s are transferred directly into your Bitcoin account, and you can send and receive payments directly to a buyer or seller without the need for a typical go-between, such as a bank or credit card company.

By skipping the middle man in the transaction, you pay far less in associated fees. Each party in the deal can also maintain a much higher level of anonymity, which has both pros and cons for everyone involved. Think of Bitcoin s as a digital equivalent of a cash transaction. If you’re so inclined, it’s a nearly untraceable way to do business.

Spending or receiving Bitcoin s is as easy as sending an e-mail, and you can use your computer or your smartphone. That simplicity belies the fact that there’s a whole lot of complicated math protecting all of these transactions to maintain their legitimacy and security.

Two of the more popular Bitcoin exchanges are www.coinbase.com and www.blockchain.info. Either of these are recommended when you first get started; however, when you choose other exchanges, if you do, a good decision would involve considering how much investment capital the exchange has raised and it’s customer satisfaction history. It is probably a safe bet that those exchanges that have raised the most investment capital and have had little or no derogatory press would be preferred. I’m sorry to exclude the smaller, but possibly perfectly legitimate exchanges, but many of us are beginners. And maybe this goes without saying but don’t put your entire life savings or net worth into one wallet, especially with a third party exchange. You might even consider using your Bitcoin to buy gold from services such as www.bullionstar.com.

Constructing a Bitcoin exchange involves using the right software and then complying with the rules of the jurisdiction in which the transactions are completed, that is, where your server is located. It makes sense to use the available open source software to build your own Bitcoin exchange that you can use for your own private group of friends and family. This will allow you to transfer your fiat currency into Bitcoin fairly easily, and own the entire process. One such company is just getting started, http://www.bex.io/.

Micro Payments and Marketing

The rise of Bitcoin , the digital cryptocurrency, has resurrected the hope of facilitating easy micro-payments for content online. “Using Bitcoin micro-payments to allow for payment of a penny or a few cents to read articles on websites enables reasonable compensation of authors without depending totally on the advertising model,” writes Sandy Ressler in Bitcoin Magazine.

This could lead to a whole new era of creativity, just like the economy that was launched 400 years ago by the Statute of Anne, which gave people who wrote books, plays or songs the right to make a royalty when they were copied. An easy micro-payment system would permit today’s content creators, from major media companies to basement bloggers, to be able to sell digital copies of their articles, songs, games, and art by the piece. In addition to allowing them to pay the rent, it would have the worthy benefit of encouraging people to produce content valued by users rather than merely seek to draw more web traffic.

Quoting Walter Isaacson, “The key to attracting online revenue, I think, is to come up with an iTunes-easy method of micropayment,” He wrote. “We need something like digital coins or an E-ZPass digital wallet–a one-click system with a really simple interface that will permit impulse purchases of a newspaper, magazine, article, blog or video for a penny, nickel, dime or whatever the creator chooses to charge.” – TIME, February 16, 2009

That was not technically feasible back then. But Bitcoin has now spawned services such as ChangeTip, BitWall, BitPay and Coinbase that enable small payments to be made simply, with minimal mental friction or transaction costs. Unlike clunky PayPal, impulse purchases can be made without a pause or leaving a trace.

Crowd Funding

Crowdfunding is a funding method where common people like you and me, “the crowd” fund your personal or business project with their own money. There’s a term that we commonly use to describe this money-giving action; it’s called a donation.

The main difference between crowdfunding and donation is that crowdfunding is tied to the American JOBS act that allows online sales of small stock to a huge pool of investors, although the act has not been passed yet. Nonetheless, you could still embrace the crowdfunding method to raise your project funds, as long as you don’t sell any kind of stock.

Different crowdfunding site could have different a purpose or approach, but overall the concept is simple – you post your project to a large group of site users, or “potential investors”, and they will fund your project with money if they are interested in the project. you can start a crowdfunding exercise for free as you will only be charged when your project has raised some funds or the full amount. There’s nothing to lose and this is great for publicity.

You will want to search for the top ten crowd funding services and each will better explain the possibilities and how it work with you to launch the project.

Blockchain – Smart Contracts, Public Records

Imagine a world where specific performance of contracts is no longer a cause of action because the contracts themselves automatically execute the agreement of the parties. Or where escrow agents are replaced by rule- and software-driven technology. Imagine instantaneous recording of property records, easements and deeds. Imagine a world where an auto owner who is late on his payment will be locked out of his car. While these scenarios may seem to come from a futuristic fantasy world, innovations offered by the Bitcoin 2.0 generation of technology may create a world where these seeming marvels are an every-day occurrence, and technology renders some contract causes of action obsolete.

Bitcoin and other virtual currencies are powered by blockchain technology, which maintains and verifies all transactions in that virtual currency through a massive, publicly available ledger. The transparency created by the blockchain eliminates the need for trusted third parties, like credit card processors or banks, to take part in these transactions. Because anyone can see the transactions, virtual currency cannot be transferred to more than one party, or “double spent,” which is a key feature that preserves the integrity of the blockchain system. This same blockchain technology can be purposed to facilitate, verify and enforce the terms of agreements automatically without the need for human interaction using what are termed “smart contracts.”

The blockchain, of course, cannot physically enforce a contract, or actually compel a person or entity to do anything. Instead, the blockchain can be used to enforce certain provisions of an agreement that can move an asset from person to person by agreement. Ownership of goods could be associated with a specialized coin, which can be transferred between parties along with payment in a virtual currency system, or in a specialized implementation of blockchain technology.

Examining a simple real estate transaction can demonstrate how smart contracts could drastically alter the way business is conducted. Presently, Party A and Party B would enter into a contract that requires Party A to pay $200,000.00 to Party B in exchange for Party B agreeing to convey title to Party B’s condominium unit to Party A upon receipt of payment. If Party A pays the money, but Party B later refuses to convey title, Party A is required to hire an attorney to seek specific performance of that contract, or to obtain damages. The determination of the outcome will be made by a third party- a judge, jury, or arbitrator. – Andrew Hinkes, insidecounsel.com

Escrow

For some transactions, the possibility of generating “chargebacks” might be very useful. For example, when trust cannot be established between both parties. In such cases, a trusted third party may be very helpful. The fact that Bitcoin transactions for example cannot be reversed by the payor could be an inconvenience or a reason not to use Bitcoin. This problem is alleviated by the use of escrow services that guarantee the terms of the transaction are fulfilled before it’s complete.

You may want to review http://btcrow.com/ and https://bitescrow.org/.

Mixing/Laundry Services

A Bitcoin Laundry or Mixing Service is a service that accepts BTC payments, and returns the same BTC amount, only from coins that are unassociated to the original BTC. It is a privacy service that works well if it has massive usage. It’s my opinion that complete privacy and anonymity are inevitable no matter what regulations are adopted, this concept of “mixing” and “laundering” perfectly legal transactions is just one example.

Jon Matonis had this to say:

As the cryptocurrency arms race escalates beyond identity verification at exchange endpoints, mixing services for Bitcoin may emerge as the next frontier in the battle for financial privacy.

If Bitcoin exchange regulation becomes so effective that exchange operators are required to link specific Bitcoin addresses to individual customers, then users may have few remaining choices should they want to maintain transactional privacy. Call it the law of unintended consequences for overarching Bitcoin exchange regulation.

Two facets of the growing political debate on anonymizing services are the traditional centralized Bitcoin mixers and the newer decentralized Bitcoin mixers that require a modification to the Bitcoin protocol.

With traditional Bitcoin mixers, the process could become highly-charged politically and the regulatory status of mixing services called into question. Reliable legal jurisdictions for operating Bitcoin mixing services would therefore gain prominence since it reasonably could be viewed as a protected free speech issue. Potentially, Iceland could serve as a Bitcoin mixing haven.

The emergence of services that mingle Bitcoin for the purpose of returning Bitcoin not associated with the original input address has had a somewhat spotty history. Also called Bitcoin laundries, these web-based services charge Bitcoin holders a nominal fee to receive different Bitcoin s than the ones initially transferred. The sites never handle national currencies like the dollar or euro so technically they are not exchanges. Also, the administrator of the service has to be trusted to delete any archival logs and not to run off with the coins.

The largest such service operating today is the Blockchain.info mixing service which has a maximum transaction size of 250 Bitcoin s and a 0.5% transaction fee. Transaction logs are removed after eight hours and customers can use the taint analysis tool to verify that coins were properly mixed. Other services include BitLaundry and The Bitcoin Laundry operated by Mike Gogulski.

Advances on the decentralized mixer front were highlighted in Olivier Coutu’s largely theoretical presentation at the Bitcoin Conference in San Jose. Although it resolves the trusted intermediary vulnerability, the political debate with decentralized mixers revolves around convincing Bitcoin core developers that it is essential functionality or creating a different Bitcoin client altogether. Either development approach would subsequently require majority support from the Bitcoin mining community.

Zerocoin from Johns Hopkins University is a method whereby the trusted intermediary for mixing can be eliminated. The software is already written and soon to be released as open source code. However, it requires modifications to the core Bitcoin protocol and adoption by the majority of Bitcoin miners. With the current political climate tilting towards full disclosure for Bitcoin transactions, at least at the exchange level, it is unlikely that Bitcoin core developers would elevate Bitcoin privacy to an “all-hands-on-deck” emergency priority. Yes, open source projects are comprised of political animals as well.

According to Johns Hopkins University cryptography professor Matthew Green, Zerocoin researchers are examining voluntary compliance options that reduce but don’t eliminate your transaction privacy, such as accountability limits on dollar amounts of anonymous transactions. This type of alternate approach to Zerocoin adoption would be possible without support of the Bitcoin client software. However, not integrating Zerocoin into the Bitcoin protocol would require third-party services to act as issuers of its anonymizing tokens with trust problems similar to the centralized laundry services.

Also, in-person exchange LocalBitcoins.com could act as a pure person-to-person mixing service for Bitcoin users that meet in designated places like cafés. Personal mixing has the additional benefit of introducing plausible deniability into the entire Bitcoin ecosystem because the coins cease becoming provably yours at that point. After seeing the LocalBitcoins selling-for-cash section in the U.S., Carol Van Cleef, a partner in Patton Boggs’ banking practice and adviser on anti-money laundering policies, ominously warned, “You better get yourself registered, or you better get your name off the list real fast.”

Vitalik Buterin of Bitcoin Magazine argues that Bitcoin is not losing its soul through regulation and that the core principles of the Bitcoin protocol, such as user-defined anonymity and user-defined transactional privacy, remain intact due to optional mixing services. This is a critical point because, when it comes to Bitcoin oversight, regulators and law enforcement must comprehend that which can be constrained versus that which cannot be constrained.

Otherwise, legislators and government officials risk inadvertently steering Bitcoin advancements in the direction of even more liberating decentralized architectures. Remember, it was the forceful and horrific crackdown on casual file sharers that provided the impetus for the remarkable BitTorrent technology.

One can only defer the Bitcoin privacy issue for so long. At some point, Bitcoin core developers, mining operators, lobbyists, and industry thought leaders have to take a principled position and decide on what side of history they wish to stand.

QR Codes

To understand paper wallets and storage methods of Bitcoin , you will need to become familiar with QR Codes. Think of the UPC (Universal Product Code) on grocery packaging.

A “QR Code” (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is a machine-readable code consisting of an array of black and white squares, typically used for storing URLs or other information for reading by the camera on a smartphone. The following QR Code contains this entire paragraph:

You can download a free QR scanner such as “QR Reader” to your iPhone and scan this image and it will regenerate the paragraph you just read into text. Your Bitcoin key can be used to generate a QR Code. You have two keys per wallet, one is the “public key” that everyone can see and one is the “private key” that only you can see. You receive money or Bitcoin by providing other people with your public key, or the QR Code for your public key.

I generated this QR Code via http://goqr.me/, but you will find probably hundreds of free services like this on the Internet with a standard keyword search.

Cold Storage, Paper Wallets and Vaults

Cold storage involves keeping a reserve of Bitcoin s offline, using a method that makes retrieving coins from storage significantly more difficult than sending them there. This could be done for security such as to prevent theft or robbery.

Because Bitcoin s can be sent to a wallet by anyone knowing the wallet address, it is trivial to put a wallet in cold storage while also keeping a copy of the addresses needed to send funds to it.

A simple example of cold storage is opening a safe deposit box and putting a USB stick containing an encrypted wallet file in it. The public (sending) addresses can be used any time to send additional Bitcoin s to the wallet, but spending the Bitcoin s would require physical access to the box (in addition to knowledge of the encryption password).

Cold storage would typically be used for holding large amounts of Bitcoin s, or for a trustee holding Bitcoin s for beneficiaries. In such a case, additional precautions should be taken beyond a simple example of a single safe deposit box.

The box could be accessed by bank or maintenance personnel, so the contents of the box alone should not be sufficient to access the wallet.

The box could be stolen or destroyed in a disaster, or the media could become unreadable, so the box should not contain the only copy of the wallet.

The trustee could die or become incapacitated. If access to the wallet or knowledge of its location is lost, or encryption passwords are lost, the Bitcoin s are gone forever. Provisions should be made so that the box can be accessed by someone else as appropriate, including any encryption passwords.

You can use simple methods that do not involve more electronic technology, such as paper wallets. While you don’t need any special software for paper wallets, there are some very inexpensive kits you can buy for just a few dollars online that make printed wallets look very professional and provide a bit more security using bond paper and certain types of printer toner.

Please see https://bitcoinpaperwallet.com/

Here are examples of the most popular electronic vault storage devices.

The Trezor, no matter how unprotected your computer or internet connection might be, your coins always stay safe with TREZOR as it never exposes your private keys. TREZOR is an isolated environment for offline transaction signing and using a small display you can visually verify the transaction contents. That’s why all operations using TREZOR are entirely safe.

TREZOR is Windows, OS X and Linux friendly. All you need to do is to connect your TREZOR to the computer and follow the instructions. There are only two buttons, to confirm or to deny the action, so using TREZOR is as easy and as intuitive as it can be. Users can backup the whole TREZOR contents on a small piece of paper and use this backup to regain access to all their coins in case of disaster, loss or theft.

The TREZOR website is https://www.bitcointrezor.com/ and it retails for $119.

And then BitStash, Secure wallet for spending on the go. Set a maximum amount to keep on mobile, and the wallet will automatically re-balance, topping back up when in range of BitStash™ Securely receive funds into home and cold storage wallets.

Ultra secure hardware wallet for large balances. Use it for Trading, Online Shopping, Bill Paying, etc. Accessible from authenticated mobile, laptops & desktops when in range of BitStash™.

True cold storage on a LUKS encrypted-USB drive. Immune from BadUSB malware. Safely store in a secure location. Can spend only when plugged into BitStash™. Also holds a fully-recoverable backup of all wallets. It’s website is https://www.bitstash.com/ and it retails for $199.

And the latest innovation is the “Case” from Cryptolabs.

When wallets moved to the cloud, security improved thanks to the use of dedicated servers with regular backups and improved features like two-factor authentication. However, using a secure cloud wallet to send Bitcoin involves a time-consuming process that makes the crypto-currency much more difficult to use than a credit card or other payment option. Shapiro says the pursuit of security has created complexity and led to an extremely cumbersome experience, destroying any incentive for the average user to adopt Bitcoin.

The device is equipped with a fingerprint scanner and a camera to ensure access, keys to access wallets are embedded in a device, located on a specific server and stored in cold storage (access to each key is secured by different layers of authentication).

Because the device is GSM-enabled, the wallet can be used in over 60 countries, and since it can fit in your pocket, Shapiro argues that it may be the first Bitcoin wallet to replace your actual wallet.

The device retails for around $200, with a high sticker price that Shapiro justifies by pointing to all of the hardware on the device. It’ll be available for pre-sale in December and is headed out for its first small-batch manufacturing run in the next two weeks. Once the devices are certified, CryptoLabs will open them up for sale. A news website detailing this device is https://hashtalk.org/topic/18851/cryptolabs-launches-secure-bitcoin-hardware-wallet

Most Popular Cryptographic Currencies

Once you get into reading this, you may ask yourself if it’s possible to create your own currency. You may eventually realize that it’s just software and that you most certainly can create your own branded currency, for your business, for your family or in your own name. Measures in dollars, Bitcoin has by far the largest market capitalization at nearly $5,000,000,000.

Ripple

Ripple has nearly $200,000,000 worth of it’s currency in circulation.

Litecoin

Litecoin (LTC ) is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and open source software project released under the MIT/X11 license. [ 2] Inspired by and technically nearly identical to Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin creation and transfer is based on an open source protocol and is not managed by any central authority. Litecoin has just over $120,000,000 worth of its currency in circulation.

Coloredcoin

This is a little different than just currency. Coloredcoin is a means of managing assets. Yes Colored coins might represent an alternate cryptocurrency if you consider where they get their value, where they come from, and who backs a colored coin. The rules for generating a colored coin can vary, how you track them can vary, and the value of a colored coin are independent of Bitcoin itself. For example, a particular colored coin might be inflationary, allowing the issuer to create ever more colored coin as they choose. So most of the aspects of Bitcoin could be overridden by a colored coin.

No The argument against colored coins as an alternate cryptocurrency is that they simply use Bitcoin represent other assets. Colored coins can represent all sorts of assets, and colored coins are not limited really in what assets that they can represent. Cryptocurrencies are not so flexible, though a cryptocurrency can be designed to represent other assets (Ripple is such a cryptocurrency).

Colored coins are defined in terms of Bitcoin today. That could change in the future. The main exception would be Ripple which acts very much like colored coins (i.e. they facilitate the exchange of assets using the power of cryptocurrencies). Yet Ripple is literally its own cryptocurrency.

In the end, what is a colored coin and what isn’t is a matter of definitions. If you are interested in trading colored coins purely to exploit the changing values of the various colored coins vs other colored coins and other cryptocurrencies, then the difference between colored coins and alternate cryptocurrencies may be uninteresting to you. Because you are just interested in the value of the colored coin or cryptocurrency. If you are actually interested in the assets behind the colored coins, then colored coins are very different from Alternate Currencies.

Notable International and Merchant Exchanges

EGOPAY.COM

EgoPay is a global payment processor, which enables you to send money to your friends or family members, fund Forex or Crypto-currency accounts, shop online. As a merchant you can reach international companies. It is notable that the service is not available to I.P. Addresses in the United States or U.S. Citizens, but if you are out of this jurisdiction, you can buy unlimited amounts of Bitcoin .

Bitpay.com

This services enables merchants to accept Bitcoin at the point of sale and then mitigate or manage the value against their local currency, such as the dollar.

Settlement payments happen automatically, every business day. BitPay collects and deposits all payments processed from the previous business day directly to your bank or Bitcoin wallet, according to your settlement preferences.

Bitcoin China

Founded in 2011, BTC China is the world’s oldest Bitcoin exchange, and a market-leading innovator of the new digital era. Under its portfolio are a number of mobile and desktop products including Picasso Mobile Wallet, Mobile Exchange and the BTC China Trader. The first Chinese Bitcoin startup to be VC-funded, it raised $5 million in Series A from Lightspeed China partners in September 2013. Currently, through its exchanges, BTC China offers trading of BTC/CNY, LTC/CNY, and LTC/BTC pairs, and has plans for aggressive international expansion.

BTC China is proud to officially launch USD and HKD deposits and withdrawals, becoming the first Chinese exchange to support three fiat currencies. After an invite-only period, BTC China is thrilled to expand this service to all of its International Account Holders. During this trial stage, BTC China collected several million USD worth of deposits. This service will be processed via its registered Hong Kong affiliate.

Bitcoin Investment Trust

The Bitcoin Investment Trust (BIT) is a private, open-ended trust that is invested exclusively in Bitcoin and derives its value solely from the price of Bitcoin . It enables investors to gain exposure to the price movement of Bitcoin without the challenges of buying, storing, and safekeeping Bitcoin s.

The Bitcoin Investment Trust is designed for sophisticated investors looking for exposure to Bitcoin in a simple investment vehicle. The BIT addresses the confusing and cumbersome experience of buying, storing and safekeeping large quantities of Bitcoin s as an investment.

Launched in 2013, the BIT is sponsored by Alternative Currency Asset Management (ACAM), a wholly-owned subsidiary of SecondMarket Holdings, Inc. (custodian and administrator) and an affiliate of SecondMarket, Inc. (marketing and distribution partner and authorized participant). ACAM has engaged leading service providers Ernst & Young (auditor), Sidley Austin LLP (legal counsel), Continental Stock Transfer & Trust (transfer and administrative agent), and Corporation Service Company (trustee).

Exante

EXANTE is an investment services company that offers global multi-asset brokerage services on a wide range of financial markets, such as in the US, EU and Asia and specializes in providing Direct Market Access (DMA).

What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin or BTC is a virtual currency of the Bitcoin system, a decentralized electronic cash system that uses peer-to-peer networking, digital signatures and cryptographic proof so as to enable users to conduct irreversible transactions without relying on trust.

What is Bitcoin Fund? The Bitcoin fund is registered in Bermuda. Similar to Exchange Traded Funds, the Bitcoin Fund objective is to purchase and store Bitcoins; 1 Fund Unit = 1 Bitcoin. The investment objective of the Fund is to achieve capital gains in the Net Asset Value of the Fund Shares. The fund currently manages a portfolio of 90,000 Bitcoin s and has achieved a phenomenal +1000% return in its short 3-month history.

As an investor, or anyone with a high net worth, or running a business, this information is absolutely essential if you intend to compete and succeed. Knowing how to use cryptographic currency and the blockchain technology is much like having good business credit and a merchant account forty years ago if you are serious about succeeding in business. And for those with a new windfall, it is just as important to have the same considerations for wealth preservation and asset allocation as if you were running a business, whether or not you like to consider yourself “retired”. Becoming rich simply creates a new vocation for yourself if you intend to be serious about keeping your wealth and expanding your net worth.

NET METERING & FEED-IN-TARIFF PLANS

Let’s begin with your home. Here is a list of changes you can make that will immediately reduce the load of your power consumption. You can do one or more and see dramatic results.

Reduce the Load

  1. Install a Radiant Barrier System in the Attic

  2. Replace lighting with LED Lighting for all fixtures

  3. Add / Replace / Upgrade Insulation, replace worn seals around doors and windows

  4. Install Low Emissivity Windows

  5. Double Water Heater Volume, build passive solar heating system, insulate heavily

  6. Replace Dryer with Hydronic Dryer (safemate) or drying room / rack / clothes line with desiccant and dehumidifier that you design for your space

  7. Replace Central AC Units and air handlers with ductless wall units

  8. Replace dishwasher with cabinets or shelving

  9. Replace Range/Oven with two-level Stone or Cement Counter Top and Induction Cooktop and Infrared Oven

  10. Use wood fired grill, biomass briquettes, or solar oven more frequently for meals

  11. Replace toilets with high efficiency or composting brands (Biolet®)

  12. Install Aluminum Pipe Solar Air Heating System when heating air during daylight hours

  13. Install separate breaker box for high load appliances, dryer, refrigerator/freezer, with battery bank, and renewable energy generator (list of options)

  14. Upgrade to more efficient fixtures and appliances

  15. Geothermal radiant floor heating system with PEX tubing

Increase Power Generation via renewable systems

1. Battery Bank, Controller / Inverter

2. Magnetic Generator

3. Photovoltaic Panels

4. Wind Turbine, BlueEnergy Solar PV Wind Turbine, Energy Ball

5. borosilicate evacuated tube array for water heating, or use black metal tank or PVC pipe system in sunlight

Gas Engine Car/Truck

There is a simple way to significantly improve the combustion in normally-aspirated gasoline engines. It requires a Dremel tool to cut a groove of specific dimensions, around 1/8 inch deep, in the throttle body. The modification takes about an hour and is reversible through epoxy. It shouldn’t affect the vehicle’s warranty. Somehow, the air turbulence that is set up by that groove has the effect of increasing horsepower, torque, and mileage, while decreasing emissions. Perhaps it is another manifestation of the famous Schauberger effect.

Simulation of air passing by the grooves, http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Gadgetman_Groove

The mileage increase is typically between 25 and 35 percent, though some reports are much higher than that; and a few show little, if any change. So far, it seems that older cars achieve better improvement than newer cars, because the computerized controls of the newer cars usually tend to work against the effect. Approximately 85% of the vehicles that have been modified with this groove have had mileage gains in excess of 20%. So far, the best results apparently have been found on 1996 – 2004 Fords.

Be sure all hoses and engine are sealed. Cap off PCV Valve, carve out 1/8” groove in 160° arc within throttle body using Dremel 100, increase spark plug gap by 20%, 40% or 60%, or until the gap is too great. Use “Gadget Man Groove” as reference. Tesla Universal Battery Rejuvinator to restore batteries without ever having to replace them. (this is somewhat like a desulfator)

Feed-in Tariff scheme

This is an example of the “feed-in-tariff” program in the U.K. There is another very successful one in Germany, but we don’t need the government’s involvement, we can produce surplus energy and manage it in a decentralized way at a profit.

If you install an electricity-generating technology from a renewable or low-carbon source such as solar PV or wind turbine, the UK Government’s Feed-in Tariffs scheme (FITs) could mean that you get money from your energy supplier.

You can be paid for the electricity you generate, even if you use it yourself, and for any surplus electricity you export to the grid. And of course you’ll also save money on your electricity bill, because you’ll be using your own electricity.

About Feed-in Tariffs

Feed-in Tariffs were introduced on 1 April 2010 and replaced UK government grants as the main financial incentive to encourage uptake of renewable electricity-generating technologies. Most domestic technologies qualify for the scheme, including:

  • solar electricity (PV) (roof mounted or stand alone)
  • wind turbines (building mounted or free standing)
  • hydroelectricity
  • anaerobic digesters
  • micro combined heat and power (CHP).

The UK Government’s Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) makes the key decisions on FITs in terms of government policy. The energy regulator Ofgem administers the scheme.

Your energy supplier will make the FITs payments to you. The large energy suppliers are required by law to provide them; smaller suppliers are not, but many have opted to offer them anyway. Visit Ofgem for a list of FITs-licensed suppliers.

For you to qualify for FITs, the installer and the products you use must both be certified under the Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS), except hydro and anaerobic digestion which have to go through the ROO-FIT process. The tariffs you receive depend on both the eligibility date and, for solar PV, your property’s Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating. 

Eligibility dates

The eligibility date is the date from which an installation becomes eligible for FITs payments. For most renewable electricity systems (with a declared net capacity of 50kW or less), this will be the date your FIT supplier receives a valid application for FITs. This will be after the date on which your renewable electricity system is installed, so it’s essential to send your application to your FIT supplier promptly – for absolute certainty, use Royal Mail’s Special Delivery.

We recommend that you contact your FIT supplier (also known as the FIT licensee) as soon as possible to confirm the requirements below and make sure you know exactly what information they require from you and when they need to receive it by. Please note that you will only be paid for what you generate based on the meter reading on the eligibility date. This is likely to be a later date than when the system was commissioned so units generated before the eligibility date may not be paid. You should check this with your FIT licensee before system is commissioned.

When to add solar panels

The rules are slightly different for an extension. If you add solar panels to an existing system, the eligibility date for the new panels is always the date they were commissioned, not the date that you send your revised claim in. This is particularly important if you want to claim the higher rate by submitting an EPC. The EPC must be dated before the commissioning date or you will not get the higher rate.

If you are eligible to receive FITs you will benefit in three ways:

  • Generation tariff: your energy supplier will pay you a set rate for each unit (or kWh) of electricity you generate. Once your system has been registered, the tariff levels are guaranteed for the period of the tariff (up to 20 years) and are index-linked.

  • Export tariff: you will get a further 4.77p/kWh from your energy supplier for each unit you export back to the electricity grid, so you can sell any electricity you generate but don’t use yourself. This rate is the same for all technologies. At some stage smart meters will be installed to measure what you export, but until then it is estimated as being 50 per cent of the electricity you generate (only systems above 30kWp need to have an export meter fitted, and a domestic system is unlikely to be that big).

  • Energy bill savings: you will be making savings on your electricity bills because generating electricity to power your appliances means you don’t have to buy as much electricity from your energy supplier. The amount you save will vary depending how much of the electricity you use on site.

Tariff rates

Once you are receiving Feed-in Tariffs, the rate you get will increase in line with inflation in accordance with the Retail Price Index (RPI). The tables below summarise the latest tariffs available for each technology. For the full list of tariff rates visit Ofgem.


Summary of solar PV tariffs

Total installed capacity (kW) Generation tariff with eligibility date or after 1 October 2014 and before 31 December 2014 Lower tariff (if EPC requirement not met) with eligibility date on or after 1 October 2014 and before 31 December 2014
<4kW (new build and retrofit) 14.38p/kWh 6.38p/kWh
>4-10kW 13.03p/kWh 6.38p/kWh
>10-50kW 12.13p/kWh 6.38p/kWh
stand-alone 6.38p/kWh 6.38p/kWh


For solar PV:

  • Evidence of property’s EPC rating will be required when applying for FITs. If no evidence showing the EPC has a band D or higher then the lower rate will apply.
  • The export tariff for solar PV is currently 4.77p/kWh.
  • The tariff period (lifetime) is now 20 years.
  • The tariffs are to be reviewed every three months and will be revised according to deployment rates.

For a site-specific calculation and bespoke report showing how much you could earn through Feed-in Tariffs for solar PV, try our Solar Energy Calculator

Summary of hydro, wind and micro CHP tariffs

Technology Tariff band (kW capacity) 1 October to 31 March 2015
Hydro <15 19.01p/kWh
>15 to <100 17.75p/kWh
Wind <1.5 16.00p/kWh
>1.5 to <15 16.00p/kWh
>15 to <100 16.00p/kWh
Micro-CHP <2kW 13.24p/kWh

For hydro, wind and micro-CHP:

  • Evidence of property’s EPC rating is not required for these technologies.
  • The export rate is 4.77p/kWh.
  • The tariff period is 20 years for hydro and wind, 10 years for micro-CHP.
  • Microhydro (<50kW) accreditation has to go through the ROO-FIT process not MCS.
  • The definition of ‘hydro generating station’ has been extended to include small tidal projects.
  • A degression mechanism for wind and hydro technologies (micro-CHP not included) will become effective from 1 April 2014 (baseline 5%, though this will depend on previous deployment rates).

For a site-specific calculation showing how much you could earn through Feed-in Tariffs for hydro, wind and solar, try our Cashback Calculator

Registering for FITs

Once your chosen installer has installed your generating technology, take these steps to register for FITs:

Ask your installer to register you on the central MCS database. The installer will then send you a certificate confirming MCS compliance.

Tell your chosen FIT supplier that you wish to register for the FIT and send them:

  • a completed application form
  • the MCS certificate
  • for solar PV, the Energy Performance Certificate that shows your home has an energy efficiency rating band D or better.

Your FIT supplier will:

  • cross-reference your installation with the MCS database and undertake other eligibility checks
  • confirm your eligibility and the date you are eligible for payments from
  • add you to the Ofgem Central FIT Register, which records all installations in the FIT scheme
  • agree with you if and when you will need to provide meter readings and when they will make FIT payments to you – these will form part of your statement of FIT terms.

NET METERING ENERGY AUDIT TOOLS

Pinless Moisture Psychrometer

InfraRed Thermometer, with Laser Pointer for Non Contact Surface Temperature Measurement

Mini Thermo Anemometer, with Infrared Thermometer

Portable Indoor Air Quality CO2 Meter

Datalogger

BR200 Video Borescope

Wireless Inspection Camera with MicroSD Memory Card & PC Cable to Analyze Data

Heavy Duty Hard Carrying Case

BITCOIN AND TAXES

Bitcoin is not subject to taxation by the IRS any more than it can tax any other foreign currency, or collect taxes from the sand on Mars, for that matter.  Bitcoin is a “stateless” currency, however you want to classify it.  As of November 2016, the Inspector General for the IRS is recommending that the IRS create new procedures by which the currency can be taxed, but this doesn’t change the tax status of the currency, it’s immune from taxation (i.e., not exempt, or just not recognized). Failing to collect taxes from Bitcoin transactions does not contribute to the “tax gap”, in fact, if Bitcoins are exchanged for USD, the USD may become subject to taxation under the current rules, and this would offset the true contributors to the “tax gap”.

As of today, state and federal tax agencies want you to report your Bitcoin income in terms of USD, and that would be taxable. The real question is when do I have to report my Bitcoin in terms of USD, just like the question, when do I have to report how much money I saved with coupons as if it were taxable income in USD? I’m going to refer to the recent memorandum published by the Internal Revenue Service, “Notice 2014-21” it’s found at http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/n-14-21.pdf. Remember that this is not a law and it’s not been published in the Federal Register (a daily publication of the US federal government that issues proposed and final administrative regulations of federal agencies). This notice only refers to existing legal standards. Keep in mind that you will need to review the definitions in 26 USC 7701 http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-tege/eotopici92.pdf such as “trade or business” 7701(a)(26) as this term specifically means “the performance of the functions of a public office”, and does not include Bitcoin mining as indicated in this memorandum. Also, the term “wages” means specifically remuneration paid to officers, employees and elected officials of the United States government, within territories and possessions of the United States government (which specifically exclude the 50 states, except federal lands an enclaves within the 50 states). You’d have to review the statues and regulations for Sections 3401 and 3121, both in the United States Code and Code of Federal Regulations, but I’ve summarized it for you above.

However, if you invest in Bitcoin from a fiat currency of a country, and then sell your Bitcoin for the fiat currency, and realize a gain, that will be subject to taxation in the fiat currency.

If you convert your after-tax money into Bitcoin and never convert it back into fiat, it cannot be taxed, no matter what laws are in place; however, if you report your Bitcoin activities as being taxable on a government form and under penalty of perjury, you will be taxed and subject to taxation. In order for Bitcoin to be taxed, there would need to be a central authority responsible for the administration of Bitcoin. Of course the opposite of this is true. Bitcoin was designed to operate within a network over which no one party has exclusive power or responsibility. It is regulated by its mathematical protocols and changes are made by a consensus within the network. There is no taxing authority for Bitcoin and by its design, it can never be taxed.

The volatility of precious metals comes from measuring the purchase price of precious metals with fiat currency. It is the fiat currency that is volatile, not the precious metal. Gold can buy the same amount and quality of materials today as it did 2,000 years ago. The same appears to be true for Bitcoin since it is also a deflationary (or stable against fiat) currency.

There are no new tax laws imposing a tax on the use of Bitcoin or any cryptographic currencies. There is only a memorandum recently published by the IRS that discusses reporting procedures so that any transaction that should be taxed is understood by the taxpayers under the same laws to which they are accustomed to following.

Does money deposited in Bitcoin change in value like a stock? No, 1 Bitcoin will always = 1 Bitcoin, but if you convert it to fiat, you will have a fluctuating price (not necessarily value).

I thought it protected our money from US currency volatility. It does, if you use Bitcoin for its intended purpose, to buy goods and services.

Just based on the concept of a crypotocurrency, I would have thought it should remain constant. Not true? It does, if you use Bitcoin for its intended purpose, to buy goods and services.

Stock price for Bitcoin, if I bought Bitcoin stock, would be volatile, of course, that’s the nature of the stock market, but why would a deposit in a Bitcoin account change in value?

There is a Bitcoin investment that I know of called the Bitcoin Investment Trust (BIT Trust), XBTFUND, for accredited investors. I’m not sure if it’s a domestic company within the United States, but it is an unregistered investment vehicle and you can learn more at:

http://bitcointrust.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Fact-Sheet_Dec.pdf

I also know of one Russian company that I mentioned in one of my previous articles, Exante. Buying into these types of funds is one way to invest in Bitcoin but why tie in your Bitcoin investment with a fiat currency this way? Why not invest in an existing Bitcoin exchange or a mining pool?

How does classifying Bitcoin as property change your recommendation? It does not.

It seems as though it would take away it’s advantage as a currency that the government can’t sink it’s teeth into. If it’s property, IRS can tax it, right? Or is their taxation relevant only to the stock?

See above http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/n-14-21.pdf and Q-3; A-3 of the IRS Notice, quoting:

“Q-3: Must a taxpayer who receives virtual currency as payment for goods or services include in computing gross income the fair market value of the virtual currency?

A-3: Yes. A taxpayer who receives virtual currency as payment for goods and services must, in computing gross income, include the fair market value of the virtual currency, measured in U.S. Dollars, as of the date that the virtual currency was received. See Publication 525, Taxable and Non-taxable Income, for more information on miscellaneous income from exchanges involving property or services.”

In other words, if you signed a voluntary withholding agreement (W-4) for example, with an employer, and that employer is reporting your “wages” on Form W-2 to the IRS, and some or all of those “wages” are paid to you in Bitcoin, you will need to keep records of the USD value of the Bitcoin, at that time (date of paycheck), for income tax reporting requirements. You will likely have a different USD amount for each pay period. Now remember that this is not a law, but a procedure by which you can account for the USD tax liability. This is not yet even a standard and it’s not published in the Federal Register and there are no statutes or implementing regulations pertaining to cryptographic currency, nor are there any legal definitions of what constitutes a cryptographic currency (that is, none appearing in a statute or as the holding by any of the higher courts). Remember also that the Sixteenth Amendment did not change the U.S. Constitution and give the United States any new powers of taxation beyond those it already had under Article I, Section 8 (see Stanton v. Baltic Mining Co., 240 U.S. 103 (1916))

Maybe the legal definition will be determined to be that any cryptographic currency pertains to one’s freedom of expression, or it’s the exchange of information, or it’s language, or represents a property right (a record of a property right) and not property in itself. We have a long way to go before these considerations become part of the legal framework of regulation and taxation.

If your restaurant sells toast and coffee for $3.00, and you sell this to a customer for an equivalent amount of Bitcoins, it is logical to conclude that your restaurant must report the sale in terms of taxable currency, the USD value of the Bitcoin at the time of the sale. But what if your restaurant is a tax deferred business? The Bitcoin sale would then not be considered a taxable gain until it was converted into USD. If you are using a merchant service such as Bitpay, this could be managed so that you could allocate your Bitcoin into an account to be reinvested, pre-tax and tax deferred, back into your business.

Remember one important fact, out of the 25+ volumes of tax code and 50 or so volumes of income tax regulations, there is not one definition of what constitutes “income”. The term income is not defined in the Income Tax Code.

Trading Gains & Losses – Property, Not Currency, (Investopedia.com)

The most widely reported aspect of the IRS ruling on Bitcoin has to do with its treatment as property. This is a favorable ruling (very important to note is that a letter ruling from the IRS pertains only to one taxpayer and one transaction, there is no letter ruling as stated in this article, it’s a notice, much like an open letter) for most investors given Bitcoin’s stellar performance to date, as accrued long-term gains and losses will be taxed at the taxpayer’s applicable capital gains rate (15% in Joe’s case, we will assume that Joe is married and that he and his wife made a combined $100,000 of taxable income in 2013), rather than ordinary income rates (25% for Joe). For many early Bitcoin “miners” and investors, this constitutes a massive difference in marginal rates. That said, active traders who have racked up short-term capital gains may still be taxed at ordinary income rates.

Investors with trading losses, on the other hand, might not be so happy with the ruling. It will be much more difficult to write off bad Bitcoin bets now that they are considered property rather than currency. The IRS limits the amount of property losses (net capital losses, to be specific) that can be claimed on personal tax returns to $3,000 per year for both married and single filers, a limit that hasn’t been raised since 1978. For these unfortunate folks, large short-term trading losses will need to be carried forward, in some cases for many years. Trading losers would have been much better off if they could have written off “foreign currency” losses against their ordinary income. – – –

The comments in the audio “The Beginning of the End of Bitcoin” are opinions of the same type of people that thought that no one would ever need more than 64K of memory in his computer. This is a comment I received recently: A few weeks back I heard part of program about bitcoins with examples of some losing their money b/c bitcoin and its encryption is relatively new and not perfected as yet. Why is the Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis Vice President, David Andolfatto, quoted on January 18th 2015 stating “We’re a Protocol Just Like Bitcoin.” The quote was actually longer, but you can see for yourself: http://www.coindesk.com/federal-reserve-bank-vp-protocol-just-like-bitcoin/ Why is this one hundred year old institution, that has been robbing us blind since its inception, now comparing itself with a new monetary system that will ultimately end its existence?

In any case, referring to your comment, this is not the reason someone would lose his Bitcoins. The cryptographic protocols within Bitcoin and the Blockchain are perfect, but if you lose your private key, you lose access to your money, even though it still can be “seen” on the blockchain. You will want to get the Kindle version of Mastering Bitcoin by Andreas M. Antonopoulos. Once you’ve read this, none of these wacky comments will ever matter to you.

Please note that you may believe what I’ve explained here contradicts what the IRS explains in its publications, but be careful about the meaning of the terms. The terms used in the Internal Revenue Code and implementing regulations are not the same as the street terms we use everyday, such as “trade or business”. The key point here is that if a third party is reporting a payment to you in Bitcoins on forms such as the W-2, K-1 or 1099, you should then report as they explain unless you can make other arrangements. Remember that none of these publications or notices are binding as a matter of law, they are merely guides for tax professionals and taxpayers.

There is a speakers forum regarding cryptographic currency scheduled for February 12th 2015. You can register at:

http://www.foreignaffairs.com/about-us/sponsors/cryptocurrency-policy-forum

You will want to see the agenda and list of speakers and it’s free to register from what I can see. Once you click on the link to register, you will only have 30 minutes to register before your seat is released. My guess is that a summary of the conference will be published afterward.

References:

Publication 551: http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p551.pdf

Publication 544: http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p544.pdf

Notice 2014-21: http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/n-14-21.pdf

FinCEN: http://fincen.gov/statutes_regs/guidance/html/FIN-2013-G001.html

amended FinCEN http://www.fincen.gov/news_room/rp/rulings/pdf/FIN-2014-R001.pdf

http://www.fincen.gov/news_room/rp/rulings/pdf/FIN-2014-R002.pdf

memorandum http://www.fincen.gov/news_room/nr/pdf/20140130.pdf

Internal Revenue Bulletin: http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb14-36.pdf

GAO: http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/654620.pdf