FRIENDLY SURVEILLANCE AND RADIATION

Is it a felony to bring a video camera into the public restroom or locker room?

Isn’t it interesting how we have laws regarding stalking and voyeurism, and regulations regarding harmful radiation, but those seem to be ignored with the mobile smart phones today? What is worse is that people have no clue, they are innocently enjoying their phones everyday, taking them wherever they go, even into locker rooms.

Negligence

I’ve even seen people caressing and holding their mobile phones for no apparent reason; and reading and texting on them while driving. I’ve even seen a couple of people watching a video while driving. Many people have them mounted on their dash board, what kind of stupid is that, especially driving at night? Everyday I see people reading them while they walk or ride a bicycle, and just carrying them as they move about like you would a drink at a party. People stand in public entrance ways, motionless as if in suspended animation, while staring at their phones and obstructing other pedestrians. I’ve seen parents at their children’s soccer games, like pipes sticking out of the ground, also motionless in that same shape, head down–hands cupped out in front, as they read and text on their phones, entirely divorced from the world around them. People go to restaurants, two or four or more sometimes, sitting at the same table, all reading and texting on smart phones, not speaking to each other.

I’ve been in two rear-end car collisions because of people texting while driving and I’ve seen about seven wrecks on the side of the road, just in the last year, even where several cars were involved, most likely from drivers texting and then ramming into the car in front. How many times have you been waiting in traffic only to discover you were waiting behind the driver in front of you for no other reason than he was texting on his phone and didn’t see the traffic ahead of him move forward.

Did you know that a driver license is legally considered “evidence of incompetence”? That is very fitting under the current circumstances when so many people think it’s their free time when waiting at a stop light or in traffic, to read their phones (text) or watch videos. This doesn’t even begin to cover the other problems with our “friendly” technology.

Surveillance

Each mobile phone has its own unique frequency and the longer it’s used, the more data is stored in that frequency. Don’t believe me? Watch this short video:

https://youtu.be/ABb630C4Zk0

And for those of you with a greater technical vocabulary, buckle up when you watch this:

https://youtu.be/Hh5Snb-AXxY

The pattern of movement, where you travel, with that phone is stored in an NSA/CIA database. All of your data is captured, stored forever and in many cases, sold for profit. This doesn’t even consider the fact that no one is using any type of encryption, which means that anywhere you go and use free Wi-Fi, someone with another phone or device may be sitting on the network waiting for you, and just grab your data without you ever knowing. You probably pay money for ID theft protection, but you’re not really getting it as these systems are antiquated. Must of the encryption security you can get on your phone is free, and while it’s not absolute encryption, it’s very close. While the NSA/CIA, for example, could grab your encrypted data, it might take 100,000 years to decrypt, if it could be decrypted. People are concerned about privacy risks that are nothing compared to what their mobiles phones expose them to, without adequate encryption.

What about our personal and home, safety and security? We have smoke detectors, locks on the doors, alarm systems, but a huge gateway into our entire lives is just walking around with us, totally unguarded against the most sinister people there are.

Why are people taking their phones into the gymnasium and then reading them during a workout? I don’t think people yet realize that the cameras and microphones are activated continuously, or at least intermittently. Worse still, I see people walking around, reading their phones in the locker room. I wonder if it’s still a crime to be ignorant of a crime while you’re committing it and I wonder if the other people who are showering and changing would appreciate sociopaths at the NSA/CIA watching them. I wonder what liabilities the property owner has for allowing people to knowingly or unknowingly make video recordings of people in the bathrooms and locker rooms. What if children are involved? It’s gets ugly to say the least.

I really don’t like exercising next to someone who is watching his phone, because I’m probably being video recorded. I don’t bring my phone to the gym for this reason, but if three other people around me are staring at their phones while exercising, well then it’s likely I’m under surveillance, both with video and audio. Why does anyone need to bring a phone to the gym anyway. Do you think Arnold ever did that?

Did you know that with each photo taken on your mobile phone, it is time and location stamped with the exact coordinates of where the image was taken, and when that photo is uploaded to any Internet website, that data is included? How many times have you taken your friendly, harmless smart phone in with yourself to use the toilet? Yeah, let that one sink in for a moment.

I’ll bet you didn’t know that having your mobile phone “on your person” at a traffic stop allows the police to legally collect all of your mobile phone data from your carrier in about a minute just by scanning it? This habit waives protections you would normally have because of the Fourth Amendment prohibitions against unlawful searches and seizures. But why would you care? You’re not doing anything illegal; however, I’ll bet you didn’t know that your babysitter is under investigation for drug use and her name and number are in your contact list. Maybe a simple traffic stop for speeding ends up with you as a suspect in a criminal investigation, just because you waived your rights from lack of knowledge. Have you ever heard what happens because of the forfeiture laws? In this case, you could lose your house, car, job, freedom and even your children. Sounds unlikely, right? Yeah, and the government would never spy on you.

Your mobile phone is transmitting all of the surveillance data it has collected from you everyday to the SMART meter on your house. If you don’t know what a SMART meter is, you may want to take a look for yourself; but it’s a node on an international network of SMART meters that collects and relays data about yourself and everyone else. It’s not the data you might think; in addition to your name and address, it’s transmitting at least your financial information, Internet connection (e.g. browsing habits and movies you watch), and use habits for each of your appliances. It’s also downloading data from your car while it’s sitting in the driveway at night. This data describes which appliances you own and when you use them. Why, you might ask?

This data is more valuable to the power company than what you are paying for energy and it’s being sold, at least to other companies so that it can be used to market other products and services to you, among other nefarious purposes. As your data is being collected and transmitted by the SMART meter network, it has no level of encryption. Anyone can get that information with a simple phone app. What might we surmise about our data and the SMART meters being used for energy on the buildings we visit throughout the day, such as the grocery store, doctor’s office, school, etc.? Look closely at the video cameras set up around different intersections in your city and while those are obvious, what you might not have noticed is the square, flat box-like gadget somewhere nearby, usually at the same height. This is a Wi-Fi scanner and it’s collecting the signals from your car and mobile phones, even if you’re not using the phone.

Did you know that wi-fi signals can be used to form images and enable people to see through walls and into your home?  https://youtu.be/cQrd5bPAyIQ

And you should know that your mobile phones are broadcasting data to collection centers at certain places around the world, where certain globalist type creatures are watching all of your financial transactions, Internet habits, telephone communications, your dishwasher and other appliances, and predicting the future and your every move, and they are betting against you.  See for yourself, https://youtu.be/XBSApfGV7IE

And if this is not friendly enough, what about the adverse health consequences of your phone’s radiation?

Radiation

Did you know that 4G and 5G (gigahertz or billion cycles per second of radiation) of energy penetrates human tissue and changes the way your cells function. If it can cause the embryo cell wall to harden and prevent fertilization and sterilize the human reproductive system; what else can mobile phone radiation do?  Preliminary studies have also revealed that cell phone radiation may decrease sperm count, sperm motility and viability.

Our bodies are 70% water.  What does microwave radiation do to water?  What is this radiation doing to our brain, cardiac and neural tissues? Studies have shown adverse effects to the blood-brain barrier and flow of cerebral fluid caused by EMF radiation, along with the optic nerve and cornea. What are other peoples’ phones doing to the rest of us (kind of like second-hand cigarette smoke)? I see people holding their phones to their chests, in their laps and some people even have them strapped to their bodies, which leads me to another point.

Why do we have pacemaker warnings because of microwave radiation in convenience stores, but nothing about four and five billion hertz of tissue penetrating energy that surrounds us all the time?  Maybe there is so much money involved with this technology that the producers of it have paid off our lawmakers so that they can get away without notifying us of the harmful effects this technology has on the human body.

If you don’t think there is any harm in using a mobile phone, watch these short videos;

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0aNX0umd_fU&t=37s, and,

https://youtu.be/e-XW4wOJqjQ

https://youtu.be/l3ge9M54l7E

and, https://youtu.be/pqIZDIxJgXw and https://youtu.be/QtrboPeilCk

and how about using your iPad to cook eggs or pancakes: https://youtu.be/826jZDyeGZA

and, https://youtu.be/_CJJfGkaPfc

and how about this exploding phone from reflected radiation?

https://youtu.be/uM9MeHodfc8

Don’t think for one second that a new phone has less radiation than an older phone. Can you imagine what this does to children?

If there is a questionable health risk to the smart phone technology, why not err on the side of caution and wait for further, real scientific research? That’s what rational people do.

A senior science fellow at Environmental Health Trust, L. Lloyd Morgan, published a review in July of 2015, in that Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure; wherein, a review of the current literature showing that children face a higher health risk than adults was undertaken. He and his team looked at peer-reviewed cell phone exposure studies from 2009 to 2014, along with cell phone radiation data, government documents, manufacturers’ manuals, and similar publications and have concluded that children and unborn babies do face a greater risk for bodily damage that results from MWR given off by wireless devices, according to Morgan and colleagues.

The review reported that the rate of MWR absorption is higher in children than adults because their brain tissues are more absorbent, their skulls are thinner, and their relative size is smaller. Fetuses are particularly vulnerable, because MWR exposure can lead to degeneration of the protective sheath that surrounds brain neurons.

Women who use mobile phones when pregnant are more likely to give birth to children with behavioral problems, according to authoritative research.

A comprehensive study, which surveyed more than 13,000 children, found that using the handsets just two or three times a day was enough to raise the risk of their babies developing hyperactivity and difficulties with conduct, emotions and relationships by the time they reached school age. And it adds that the likelihood is even greater if the children themselves used the phones before the age of seven. Part of my motivation for writing this article was my observation of children waiting at bus stops before school, most of which with heads down, hands under their faces and texting or reading mobile devices. I’ve been to soccer games where two-thirds of the parents are staring at their phones and the others are caressing them in their laps while they watch the game. This is neglectful. If you are a parent and this describes yourself or your children, you are neglecting your children, but the state wants you to do this because it wants to injure you so you will need medical care, cancer treatment and pharmaceuticals and it wants to collect all of your data all the time. Why are you allowing this? Why don’t you let your children play with mercury and x-ray machines as they did in the fifties?

Microwave Invented by Nazis and Banned to Soviets

Did you know that it was the Nazis who actually invented the microwave oven?  They were used in their mobile support calling them the “radiomissor”. These ovens were to be used for the invasion of Russia.  By using electronic equipment for preparation of meals on a mass scale, the logistical problem of cooking fuels would have been eliminated, as well as the convenience of producing edible products in a greatly reduced time-factor.

After the war, the Allies discovered medical research done by the Germans on microwave ovens. These documents, along with some working microwave ovens, were transferred to the United States War Department and classified for reference and “further scientific investigation”. The Russians had also retrieved some microwave ovens and now have thorough research on their biological effects. As a result, their use was outlawed in the Soviet Union (for a year or two). The Soviets issued an international warning on the health hazards, both biological and environmental, of microwave ovens and similar frequency electronic devices.  It’s the same frequency range used in mobile phones today, but on the higher side of the spectrum.

The Russian scientists discovered that Microwaving prepared meats sufficiently to ensure sanitary ingestion caused formation of d-Nitrosodiethanolamines, a well-known carcinogen.  Their research found that, icrowaving milk and cereal grains converted some of their amino acids into carcinogens, that thawing frozen fruits converted their glucoside and galactoside containing fractions into carcinogenic substances, that extremely short exposure of raw, cooked or frozen vegetables converted their plant alkaloids into carcinogens, and that carcinogenic free radicals were formed in microwaved plants, especially root vegetables.

Why don’t we at least require this type of disclosure for our electronic devices?  We have Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for nearly every compound, why not electronic devices?

Ergonomics

What about the physiological effects of looking at your mobile device throughout the day? Millions of people do it throughout the day and are totally unaware that cell phone use can be detrimental to the back. Did you know that cell phone use can double or triple the weight of your head and can strain your neck? If you are reading this article on a cell phone or tablet, you are probably doing it right now, tilting your head forward and down in order to look at your device.

Typically, an adult human head weighs between 10 and 12 pounds. As the head tilts or angles forward, the cervical spine’s (neck) muscles, tendons, and ligaments support the head during movement and when static; such as holding the head in a forward tilted position. Even the neck’s inter-vertebral discs are involved and help absorb and distribute the forces exerted on the neck. The Chief of Spine Surgery at New York Spine Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, Kenneth K. Hansraj, MD, created a computer model of the cervical spine. In an article published in Surgical Technology International, he reported that this model showed that the strain on your neck rises as the forward angle of your head increases: at 15 degrees of forward tilt may equate to a head weighing 27 pounds, at 30 degrees forward, the strain on the neck equals a 40 pound head. The greater the angle, the greater the strain: 45 degrees forward equals 49 pounds of strain, and 60 degrees forward equals 60 pounds.

Now consider the fact that the average person is holding his or her head forward to look at a phone or read a tablet for 2 to 4 hours a day, according to Dr. Hansraj. teenagers spend even more time each day looking down at their devices. As you tilt your head, you also move your shoulders forward into a rounded position, which is another aspect of poor posture. All this excess strain creates extra wear and tear on the structures of the neck, upper spine and back, and contributes to spinal degeneration that may require surgery.

Asthenopia

If you’re one of those people who glances at his smartphone 150 times a day, chances are your eyes are paying the price for your screen addiction. Staring at your smartphone — or tablet, e-reader or laptop, while we’re at it — for too long can lead to tired, itchy, dry eyes, and even blurred vision and headaches.

Digital eye strain or asthenopia, sometimes referred to as computer vision syndrome, is well documented. If you’ve ever experienced dry or irritable eyes, blurred vision, eye fatigue, or head, neck and back pain after using a computer or smartphone, then you’re familiar with it.

A 2015 report from The Vision Council, Hindsight Is 20/20/20: Protect Your Eyes from Digital Devices, found that 61 percent of Americans have experienced eye strain after prolonged use of electronic devices — nearly 2 out of every 3 people. Long-term damage or not, we have an outbreak of eye strain on our hands.

Mobile phones emit HEV light (also called blue light), so staring at phone and tablet screens may actually harm our eyes permanently. HEV light is that portion of the visible light spectrum that comprises light with the shortest wavelengths, which carry the greatest potential to damage living tissue.

Reading your mobile phone within an hour of going to sleep may impair your natural sleep cycle that normally responds to the cycle of the sun setting and the onset of darkness. By stimulating your optic nerve with this type of light, it causes your brain to act as if the time is in the middle of the day. This interferes with the different phases of your brain waves and sleep cycles. It’s no wonder why the inventor of this technology, Steve Jobs, refused to allow his children to use an iPad or iPhone.

Addiction

Some of this may be redundant because different references I’ve used in this article have arrived at the same conclusions from different research. The recent explosion of smartphone use has provided people with the ability to access limitless information and instant communications at any given moment. Ninety percent of adults in America own a cell phone, and while this may not be a problem for many people, some individuals develop an addiction to their mobile devices. Mobile phones are constantly being improved by expanding upon their functionalities, which in turn increases the likelihood of overuse and addiction. According to the PEW Research Center, 67% of smartphone owners have admitted to checking their phone for calls or messages when their phone didn’t vibrate or ring. This is one major sign of cell phone dependence and should serve as a warning to cell phone owners. A more sinister discovery is that applications such as Facebook are purposes designed so that when the subscriber checks for messages, a slight delay is programmed into the response so that it creates a elevated degree of anxiousness and when the messages finally load and display, the sensation of satisfaction becomes addicting. This type of addiction has symptoms.

Although cell phone addiction is not yet listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), research has compared it to gambling addiction, which has clearer diagnostic criteria and is included in the DSM-5.

At least 4 of the following signs and symptoms are thought to comprise criteria for cell phone addiction, and the problematic cell phone overuse must cause significant harm in the individual’s life:

A need to use the cell phone more and more often in order to achieve the same desired effect.

The compulsion to ignore dangerous or awkward situations in order to read phone, such as texting and driving, or texting while standing in the middle of the parking lot or a public walkway and being oblivious to obstructing others, such as texting or read one’s phone in a doorway or hallway in a crowded movie theater.

Persistent failed attempts to use cell phone less often.

Preoccupation with smartphone use.

Turns to cell phone when experiencing unwanted feelings such as anxiety or depression.

Excessive use characterized by loss of sense of time.

Has put a relationship or job at risk due to excessive cell phone use.

Need for newest cell phone, more applications, or increased use.

Feelings of withdrawal, when cell phone or network is unreachable or after forgetting your phone.

Feelings of anger, tension, depression, irritability, restlessness.

Overuse of your cell phone or smartphone can result in a number of different physical problems that may cause permanent damage or be difficult to treat, including:

Digital eye strain, you have pain and discomfort associated with viewing a digital screen for over 2 hours. Your eyes begin to burn and itch or you have blurred vision, eye fatigue or headaches, or a combination of these. You may also suffer from neck pain, also known as “text neck,” which refers to neck pain resulting from looking down at cell phone or tablet for too long.

There is also an Increased illnesses due to germs. Did you know that 1 1 in 6 cell phones has fecal matter on it? E. coli bacteria, which can cause fever, vomiting, and diarrhea, is found on many phones. Phones have been found to be contaminated with MRSA. Phones have also been discovered to cause painful abscesses and life-threatening infections in bones, joints, surgical wounds, bloodstream, heart valves, and lungs.

Car Collisions

There are no “car accidents” from texting while driving as the term “accident” implies it could not have been avoided. These are car collisions resulting from negligence and deliberately choosing to put your life and the lives of others at risk by texting while driving, or viewing your phone while driving. Again, waiting in traffic is not free time to read your phone to resume a texting conversation. Many people mistakenly believe that they can multitask and use their phones while driving, but this causes significant impairment and puts the driver and others on the road in danger. Research has revealed that texting and driving can be just as dangerous as drinking and driving.

In addition to these, there are important adverse psychological effects of cell phone addiction. It can be the cause of sleep loss. Mobile phone addiction has been linked to an increase in sleep disorders and fatigue in users. Using your cell phone before bed increases the likelihood of insomnia. Bright light may decrease sleep quality. Smartphone use could increase amount of time it takes to fall asleep. Light emitted from the cell phone may activate the brain and interrupt the sleep cycle.

Other symptoms include depression, obsessive/compulsive disorder, relationship problems, real world relationships may suffer as a result of neglect in favor of excessive mobile phone and social media use. You may suffer from anxiety. Research has found that college students who use their cell phones the most are more likely to feel anxious during downtime.

Are you addicted to your smartphone? Consider these questions:

Do you find yourself spending more time on your smartphone than you realize?

Do you find yourself mindlessly passing time on a regular basis by staring at your smartphone even though there might be better or more productive things to do?

Do you seem to lose track of time when on your cell phone?

Do you find yourself spending more time texting, tweeting, or emailing as opposed to talking to real-time people?

Has the amount of time you spend on your cell phone been increasing?

Do you secretly wish you could be a little less wired or connected to your cell phone?

Do you sleep with your smartphone on or under your pillow or next to your bed regularly?

Do you take your phone into the bathroom or while exercising in the gym?

Do you find yourself viewing and answering texts, tweets, and emails at all hours of the day and night, even when it means interrupting other things you are doing?

Do you text, email, tweet, or surf the internet while driving or doing other similar activities that require your focused attention and concentration?

Do you feel your use of your cell phone actually decreases your productivity at times?

Do you feel reluctant to be without your smartphone, even for a short time?

When you leave the house, do you ALWAYS have your smartphone with you and you feel anxious or uncomfortable when you accidentally leave your smartphone in the car or at home, or you have no service, or it is broken?

When you eat meals, is your cell phone always part of the table place setting?

When your phone rings, beeps, buzzes, do you feel an intense urge to check for texts, tweets, or emails, updates, etc.?

Do you find yourself mindlessly checking your phone many times a day even when you know there is likely nothing new or important to see?

Believe it or not, you could be suffering from an un-diagnosed mental disorder by the manner in which you use your mobile phone, and there are actual treatments for it, just like any other mental disorder.

There has to be ways to counteract the security and safety problems I’ve described here, and there are.

Safe Conduct, Encryption and EMF Shielding

The easiest and most obvious is, stop using your phone while you’re driving, or sitting in traffic. Have the self discipline to wait and use your phone when you are not behind the wheel. Waiting in traffic is not your free time to resume a chat session.

If you’re going into a public restroom, or any bathroom or locker room, be sure to conceal your phone so that no part of it can be seen, and of course, don’t use it while in those locations. There are new devices you can buy to encase your phone and block, at least the camera, and some block the microphone. I can envision a day when businesses provide a wall of key-lock boxes insulated into Faraday cages so that customers can place their phones safely and securely into them and eliminate all or most of the EMF radiation from so many phones in one building.

How do you limit your exposure to the radiation and surveillance from your phone? Carry it in a specially designed EMF shielded pocket (usually about $20) and use the speaker phone or ear buds when you can during conversations, and avoid using your phone to answer email or read websites. Instead of using the factory installed chat or text function, download the free app “Signal” and use that instead, it’s end to end encryption. Replace your Wi-Fi router with an Ethernet only router (careful not to choose one with both features). Keep your router in a Faraday cage, you can buy these and they are actually kind of stylish.  Double-wrap all your power transformers with aluminum foil and keep them at least a meter away from your body when you’re using your computer. When you can, store your phone in a double foil-lined shoe box (makeshift Faraday cage) stored in the microwave, and don’t get me started on microwaves; I’ll just tell you that I unplugged and replaced mine with a really nice toaster oven, and use it only to store my mobile phone. A microwave is a Faraday cage, but you can now buy a real Faraday cage for your Internet router and other electronic devices. It’s worth researching and you don’t need to spend lots of money to protect yourself within reason.

You can also consider using EMF shielding and absorbing fabrics and materials in your home and look at the different versions of a “chem buster” online and see if that might be something you’d want to use to absorb these frequencies to prevent them from being absorbed by your body.

Don’t let your children hold or carry these devices close to their bodies or charge them at night within the room in which they are sleeping, and especially, don’t leave them under the pillows where your children are sleeping. Basically, children should not have mobile phones, especially at school.

References:

The CIA is Spying on Your with Your Own Devices

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2017/03/07/why-the-cia-is-using-your-tvs-smartphones-and-cars-for-spying/

International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection

https://www.emf.ethz.ch/archive/var/ICNIRP_effekte_RFReview.pdf

The Human Body and Millimeter-Wave Wireless Communication Systems

https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1503/1503.05944.pdf

Is Your Cell Phone Killing Your Back?

https://www.spineuniverse.com/wellness/ergonomics/your-cell-phone-killing-your-back

Your Phone Camera and Microphone are Spying on You and Everyone Around You

https://www.quora.com/Is-someone-spying-on-me-through-my-cell-phone-camera

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetic_absorption_by_water

and,

and,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vtYKnWddWyQ

and,

http://cameras.reviewed.com/features/how-your-smartphone-camera-can-be-used-to-spy-on-you

 

CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER

Concentrated solar power (also called concentrating solar power, concentrated solar thermal, and CSP) systems generate solar power by using mirrors or lenses to concentrate a large area of sunlight, or solar thermal energy, onto a small area. This is a scalable technology, however, the larger production appears to be the most efficient use of the related technology.

Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Basics

Many power plants today use fossil fuels as a heat source to boil water. The steam from the boiling water spins a large turbine, which drives a generator to produce electricity. However, a new generation of power plants with concentrating solar power systems uses the sun as a heat source. The three main types of concentrating solar power systems are: linear concentrator, dish/engine, and power tower systems.

Linear concentrator systems collect the sun’s energy using long rectangular, curved (U-shaped) mirrors. The mirrors are tilted toward the sun, focusing sunlight on tubes (or receivers) that run the length of the mirrors. The reflected sunlight heats a fluid flowing through the tubes. The hot fluid then is used to boil water in a conventional steam-turbine generator to produce electricity. There are two major types of linear concentrator systems: parabolic trough systems, where receiver tubes are positioned along the focal line of each parabolic mirror; and linear Fresnel reflector systems, where one receiver tube is positioned above several mirrors to allow the mirrors greater mobility in tracking the sun.

A dish/engine system uses a mirrored dish similar to a very large satellite dish, although to minimize costs, the mirrored dish is usually composed of many smaller flat mirrors formed into a dish shape. The dish-shaped surface directs and concentrates sunlight onto a thermal receiver, which absorbs and collects the heat and transfers it to the engine generator. The most common type of heat engine used today in dish/engine systems is the Stirling engine. This system uses the fluid heated by the receiver to move pistons and create mechanical power. The mechanical power is then used to run a generator or alternator to produce electricity.

A power tower system uses a large field of flat, sun-tracking mirrors known as heliostats to focus and concentrate sunlight onto a receiver on the top of a tower. A heat-transfer fluid heated in the receiver is used to generate steam, which, in turn, is used in a conventional turbine generator to produce electricity. Some power towers use water/steam as the heat-transfer fluid. Other advanced designs are experimenting with molten nitrate salt because of its superior heat-transfer and energy-storage capabilities. The energy-storage capability, or thermal storage, allows the system to continue to dispatch electricity during cloudy weather or at night.

There’s more than one way to make good use of the Stirling cycle. Just ask the engineers at Infinia, Kennewick, Wash. They use it in both their PowerDish, a device already on the market that turns sunshine into electricity, and StAC, an innovative air conditioner that has earned development grants from the government. Both exemplify energy efficiency and sustainability.

PowerDish

In the PowerDish, heat from the Sun drives a free-piston Stirling power generator, an external combustion engine. A 161.5-ft2 parabolic dish made of mirrors bonded to curved sheet-molding compound reflects incoming sunlight onto a concentrator at the dish’s focal point. The mirrors are currently made of un-coated high-reflectivity glass and Infinia engineers see no need to add costly coatings at this time. Sunlight gets concentrated in an 800-to-1 ratio, which would raise the temperature at the heat-resistant nickel-alloy concentrator to 2,000°C if the Stirling generator didn’t extract heat from it and keep it at about 650°C, says Tim Talda, Infinia’s director for system electronics and controls.

You can learn more about this technology at: http://machinedesign.com/energy/infinia-uses-stirling-cycle-solar-power-and-air-conditioning. The company was bankrupted but the technology is still viable.

Solar Trough

A parabolic trough is a type of solar thermal collector that is straight in one dimension and curved as a parabola in the other two, lined with a polished metal mirror

Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) technologies use mirrors to concentrate (focus) the sun’s light energy and convert it into heat to create steam to drive a turbine that generates electrical power.

CSP technology utilizes focused sunlight. CSP plants generate electric power by using mirrors to concentrate (focus) the sun’s energy and convert it into high-temperature heat. That heat is then channeled through a conventional generator. The plants consist of two parts: one that collects solar energy and converts it to heat, and another that converts the heat energy to electricity. A brief video showing how concentrating solar power works (using a parabolic trough system as an example) is available from the Department of Energy Solar Energy Technologies Web site.

Within the United States, CSP plants have been operating reliably for more than 15 years. All CSP technological approaches require large areas for solar radiation collection when used to produce electricity at commercial scale.

CSP technology utilizes three alternative technological approaches: trough systems, power tower systems, and dish/engine systems.

Trough Systems

Trough systems use large, U-shaped (parabolic) reflectors (focusing mirrors) that have oil-filled pipes running along their center, or focal point, as shown in Figure 1. The mirrored reflectors are tilted toward the sun, and focus sunlight on the pipes to heat the oil inside to as much as 750°F. The hot oil is then used to boil water, which makes steam to run conventional steam turbines and generators.

These are utility scale solar power systems. They require land, permitting, grid management, employees, taxes, insurance and all the usual conditions for a mid-level business structure. There are many of these projects underway and ready for new investment capital and expansion and it makes perfect sense to join with existing businesses in this area.

Another very promising species of this concept is the use of concentrated solar with photovoltaic power generation. The global market for concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) systems is on the verge of explosive growth, with worldwide installations set to skyrocket 750% between 2013 and 2020, according to a report published on Tuesday by market research group IHS.

IHS is a global information company with world-class experts in the pivotal areas shaping today’s business landscape: energy, economics, geopolitical risk, sustainability and supply chain management. It employs more than 8,000 people in more than 31 countries around the world.

In the new IHS Report, Concentrated PV (CPV) Report – 2013, IHS predicts CPV installations will rise to 1,362 MW in 2020, up from 160 MW in 2013. Indeed, installations are expected to expand at double-digit percentages every year through 2020.

CPV technology employs lenses or mirrors to focus sunlight onto solar cells. While this allows for more efficient PV energy generation, the use of additional optics for focusing sunlight has also driven up the cost of CPV compared to conventional PV installations, limiting the acceptance of concentrated solar solutions.

The situation is changing rapidly, however, as advancements in CPV technology are reducing costs.

“What is happening in today’s CPV market is very similar to that of the overall PV space in 2007, beset by high costs and an uncertain outlook,” said Karl Melkonyan, photovoltaic analyst at IHS. “However, the CPV market in 2013 is on the verge of a breakthrough in growth. Costs for CPV have dropped dramatically during 2013 and are expected to continue to fall in the coming years. Furthermore, when viewed from the perspective of lifetime cost, CPV becomes more competitive with conventional PV in large ground-mount systems in some regions.”

Prices for CPV are retreating as manufacturing processes progress down the learning curve.

Average installed pricing for high-concentration PV (HCPV) systems are estimated to have decreased to $2.62 per watt in 2013, down 25.8% from $3.54 per watt in 2012. Rising volumes and improved system efficiencies are driving the decline, according to the report, which adds that prices will slide further at an annual compound rate of 15% from 2012 to 2017, falling to $1.59 by the end of 2017.

Taking lifetime costs into account

In the conventional PV market, cost analysis predominantly focuses on the module price-per-watt and the total installed cost-per-watt, IHS points out. When comparing the installed cost-per-watt of conventional PV to CPV, the cost of conventional PV is significantly lower.

“This is mainly due to the higher panel cost of CPV, given that CPV suppliers have yet to achieve the economies of scale, as well as a better balance of system and installation cost, because of the required tracker system,” IHS says.

“To be sure, conventional PV has a lower upfront cost and appears to be a more attractive option based on upfront system costs. However, this does not take into account the overall cost of the system over its lifetime, nor does it consider the energy yield of the system.”

Instead, the report adds, it is important to compare the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). The LCOE estimates the cost of generating electricity at the point of connection, dividing the total lifetime system costs by the total energy produced over the system’s lifetime.

“Such a calculation is also necessary in order to compare the competitiveness of PV and CPV with that of conventional power generation.”

Using the LCOE, IHS predicts that system costs for HCPV will remain low enough to compete with conventional PV for large commercial, ground-mount systems in target regions. These are the areas with hot, dry climates and high daily irradiation at more than 6 kilowatt-hours per square meter of direct normal irradiation.

Power generation with solar tracking systems : CSP vs CPV vs Flat PV

Manfred Armoureux Blog

The following is a comparison of CPV (concentrated photovoltaic) to CSP (concentrated solar power), more properly called concentrated thermo-electrical solar power to flat PV with solar tracking.

CSP (concentrated solar power), more properly called concentrated thermo-electrical solar power

 

and flat PV panels with solar tracking

First, I should make clear for you that each one of those categories actually encompasses different sub-technologies. Solar tracking may be along one or two-axis. In particular, the CSP technologies show a great deal of variety between Fresnel, parabolic trough, parabolas and central receivers (there is plenty of literature available around there). CPV systems are usually not as well known but there is also very different systems : inflatable parabolas (Cool Earth Solar), Fresnel lenses (Concentrix solar), parabolic trough (Exosun), panels of small parabolas (Solfocus) and I am probably missing many other companies.

Notwithstanding these differences, I chose to distinguish only the 3 categories  mentioned above.

Flat PV vs CPV

We start with the easiest comparison.

Cons of CPV compared to Flat PV:

  • you only capture the DNI (direct normal irradiation)

Pros :

  • Price per peak watt, given that your concentrating systems costs less per unit of surface than the PV cells.
  • If your do cogeneration of heat using the (absolutely required) residual heat of cooling system, it is much easier to achieve significant temperatures (i.e. 60ºC)

So choosing CPV instead of flat PV can be summarized in two short questions :

  • How much radiation do I loose because of diffuse radiation and how much cheaper per unit of surface is my CPV compared to flat PV ?”
  • Could I use most of the residual heat ? Does it have an economic value for me ?”

CPV vs CSP

CSP systems are great toys for engineers : they are complex and require a very multidisciplinary knowledge. However, that engineers enjoy working on them is not what will make them successful on the market.

The main advantage of CSP compared to CSP is its capacity to produce also during night time (using thermal storage). Unfortunately, as far as I know, there is no country giving any special incentive for this. Thus, to the investors, it is irrelevant.

The other advantage is that, at the present time, big CSP power plants are able to produce electricity at a cheaper cost than CPV. However, CPV systems are more recent and prices may go down in the future as experience is gained.

Cons of CSP compared to CPV :

  • Not very scalable (although some organizations are working on the smaller end of the power range)
  • More maintenance leading to more O&M costs for small plants.

Pros :

  • Lower costs if you can reach  a size big enough.
  • Capable of operations during night (but as stated earlier, it may not be valued economically).
  • Possibility to do co-generation with higher temperatures (above 100ºC). This has not been exploited much so far, but there has been enough research suggesting that industrial applications are possible.

PV generators are quite uninteresting for engineers : it is almost too easy. But that is exactly what makes the beauty of it. The cost PV also already decreased seriously these last years and will carry on. On the other hand, that cost decreases are possible in CSP is not yet a clearly established fact .. but many companies are betting their money on it.

You can see more images of these and related devices by searching google.com for the term “image of concentrated solar pv”.

Third attempt for Dish-Stirling, Infinia’s Tooele plant goes ahead

By CSP World on 12 June, 2013

Infinia Tooele Dish-Stirling plant

Infinia Corporation has announced it has begun commissioning the first of seven commercial-scale PowerDish™ installments currently underway at the Tooele Army Depot, a U.S. Army installation in Utah, USA.

This project is likely to be the third attempt to commercially deploy the Dish-Stirling technology. The 1.5 MW solar power plant that includes 429 PowerDish units will be the largest Concentrated Solar Power plant to use the Dish-Stirling technology, after the decommissioning of the Maricopa Solar Project, a 1.5 MW Dish-Stirling plant developed by a consortium made of Tessera Solar and Stirling Energy Systems.

The Dish-Stirling technology has always been seen as the most vulnerable of the Concentrated Solar Power technologies to falling prices of photovoltaic modules due to its similarity with it, in terms of intermittent generation and non availability of cost competitive energy storage system. Despite of this, Tessera Solar built the 1.5 MW Maricopa Solar Project as a demonstration project for further planned large-scale plants of nearly 700 MW. Unfortunately, Stirling Energy Systems filed for bankruptcy, the pilot project was decommissioned and auctioned and the planned projects were turned to photovoltaic plants or withdrawn.

Another attempt occurred in Spain, Renovalia tried to deploy this technology with a pilot plant and up to seven commercial plants announced. After the decision to change its technology provider, Infinia, to another company -a fact that was announced as ‘the 3rd generation CSP is here’-, and expected changes in the regulatory framework of Spanish CSP sector, the company withdraw the projects.

Infinia has deployed, in a small-scale so far, its PowerDish product at numerous locations around the globe and is currently involved in two NER300 projects awarded by the European Commission. The Cyprus/Helios project includes a 50 MWe transmission-scale PowerDish deployment near the city of Larnaca where each of the 16,920 dishes will supply electricity to the national grid. The Greece/MAXIMUS project in the Florina region will have a total installed capacity of 75.3 MWe. The plant includes 25,160 PowerDish units composing 37 distribution-scale power plants, each connected to the grid via a single connection point.

“We are excited to mark this milestone in providing the Tooele Army Depot with a long-term, dependable clean energy solution,” said Infinia President and CEO, Mike Ward. “Given their need for secure energy, high performance and reliability, our PowerDish is ideally suited to help them optimize their sustainable energy goals and provide them with 30% of their electricity requirements.”

PowerDish is a parabolic dish with a unique free-piston Stirling generator that converts the sun’s heat into grid-quality AC power at 34% efficiency. The PowerDish uses no water, and can be deployed faster than other concentrating solar thermal technologies.

“Infinia has been a leader in free-piston Stirling technology for more than 25 years,” said Jos van der Hyden, Infinia Chief Commercial Officer. “The maturity of this technology combined with our lean manufacturing expertise creates a compelling message that resounds with our customers and is setting the tone for our expansion in the European solar market.”

The European Commission’s strict eligibility criteria for awarding these projects is similar to the high standards Infinia is required to meet for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and includes proven innovative technology, scalability, and on-time delivery. “We are confident our free-piston Stirling technology will help create a lasting impact as we move forward to help the EU meet its aggressive renewable energy goals,” added Van der Hyden.

STIRLING ENGINE AND RENEWABLE APPLICATIONS

Heat of Your Hand Stirling Engine

The elegant MM-7 is a beautiful conversation piece for your home or office. It will run indefinitely on your warm hands, or on top of any electronic device that generates sufficient heat. It will even run on the bright sunlight shining through your window. It only requires a 7.2°F (4°C) difference between the top and base plates. The MM-7 makes a unique gift for that special person who has everything. Amaze your friends, your family, your co-workers, or just yourself!

The Stirling engine

The Stirling Engine (from the name of the inventor of the first example built in 1816, Rev. Dr. Stirling) is an external combustion engine.

Its operational principle is extremely simple: a constant mass of gas is contained inside of the cylinders, which when heated expands and when cooled contracts, pushing the piston with alternating force or upwards or downwards. As a function of the cylinder displacement, the speed with which the thermal exchange takes place and the temperature differential between the maximum heat and the minimum cold the power produced varies (these are only some of the variables at play).

Stirling Engines may be divided into three main categories:

1 – ALFA: engine with two 90° opposed cylinders, one cold and the other hot;

2 – BETA: engine with one power piston and a displacer piston in the same cylinder;

3 – GAMMA: engine with a power piston and a displacer piston in two different cylinders.

The main features that make the use of Stirling Engine advantageous are:

Any heat source may be applied to it: gas (even if produced by biomass) coal, wood, waste heat (i.e., produced by cooling plants), concentrated solar heat, etc., and also any of these combined;

Emissions are easily controllable and far less toxic than those from an internal combustion engines;

The engine structure does not require complicated maintenance procedures;

Noise emissions are extremely contained;

Residual heat, which is not used for the production of power, may be recovered and reintroduced in the water heating cycle, in this manner, increasing the total efficiency of the system.

In short, the Stirling Engine is quiet, user friendly and practically needs no maintenance. It may be powered by a broad variety of energy sources whilst it produces easily controllable emissions if any at all.

All of these features make it usable in any location and by anyone. Nevertheless, at nearly 200 years from its invention, this technology has found application only in very specific circumstances: it has been used for example by the NASA space agency on occasion of the most recent United States space missions; the Norwegian Navy has installed Stirling Engines on three submarines due to their particularly quiet operation; and finally some American companies have applied Stirling Engine prototypes to solar concentration energy production plants. Naturally these prototypes are not usable in the normal consumer market due to their elevated realization costs.

Possible applications

Anyone who needs to produce heat has above all the need to produce it efficiently (economically). To be able to produce electrical energy at the same cost and without the need to increase the power of the furnace with which heat energy is produced, without a doubt increases the efficiency of the plant.

Our market is therefore represented by all of those small or medium concerns that need energy: energy that these firms, either totally or in part, produce on their own and which in and of itself represents a significant cost and a critical resource.

There are situations in which none of the technological alternatives currently available on the market may be advantageously applied to the work being carried out. Furthermore, even compared to other forms of renewable energy production, the advantages of a range of Stirling Engines are evident: from the environmental and landscape impact, being basically null, to the lack of any long bureaucratic authorization procedures for the facility, going on to the certain economic return for anyone who intends on making the initial investment, given the quantity of energy produced.

Today, alongside the large power stations and the traditional distribution lines, ever more small, localized systems are working. These, combining the production of heat energy with that of electrical power, represent in many situations an efficient solution both from the economic point of view as well as that of energy availability.

The Micro-Cogeneration market is being extended and established, favored also by the new regulations surrounding it regarding the liberalisation of electrical energy production and in favour of micro-generation plants, making this type of technology ever more desirable compared to the traditional furnaces able to produce only thermal energy.

There are very many settings in which micro-cogeneration finds optimal conditions for application: practically all of those situations in which there is a need to produce heat energy for a prolonged number of hours over the year, such as, for example:

Swimming pools and sports centres, private health care facilities and hospitals, community centres, restaurants and hotels, rest homes, schools and dormitories, supermarkets, mountain community water purification plants, farm holiday centres, nature parks and reserves, ecology oases, mountain pasture retreats, mountain refuge cottages, green house farms, agro-food industries, dairies, pasta factories, tanneries, chemical-pharmaceutical industries, textile industries, wineries, distilleries, dye houses. In addition there are all of those concerns that may be found in areas that are under-developed in regard to the traditional power lines service such as, for example, isolated houses.

Stirling Engines may be combined with existing technology, or in any event, with those technologies available on the market, to transform them from a mere heat sources to co-generation plants.

The best example of the most recent utility scale application was by Infinia, and it’s use of the Stirling Engine with concentrated solar in a parabolic dish. I’ve detailed this technology in the next chapter.

PLASMA REACTOR GENERATOR (FUEL PROCESSOR)

 

In this plasma reactor, or “fuel processor”, the incoming fuel goes in the opposition direction to outgoing exhaust in a chamber that surrounds the fuel, heating up the fuel. In the middle of this exchange chamber is a rod of a certain composition and length, which takes on magnetic polarity. Supposedly as the fuel encounters these conditions, by the time it exits past the rod, it turns to a plasma state, at a relatively low temperature, and the fuel molecules are broken down into their most elemental state, creating a new fuel state.

This new state burns more completely, with little or no emissions. Its properties are different than what petrol products (i.e. implosion rather than explosion). It’s this plasma phenomenon that explains why a wide range of substances can be fed into the reactor as fuel, such as wasted cooking oil or wasted engine oil. This engine will also operate a crude oil, yes, unprocessed oil from an oil well. It’s similar to what a plasma arc does in a municipal waste-to-energy plant, except this operates on a very small scale. Specifically, a converted generator can produce between 5kW and 250kW.

The following is an image of the conversion kit components:

Fuel Processor Kit

The kit comes with all parts needed to make a basic reactor including the rods for all three application positions. They are constructed of 304 Stainless Steel. Laser cutting assures precise joints and machine welds means solid joints. After the fitting is complete, it’s only necessary to drill four 4 holes and make 11 spot welds to have a lightweight heavy duty plasma reactor.

The following is a diagram of how the technology functions.

There are of course limitless applications for this system. Consider what the oil industry has created in terms of opportunities for new technology or new uses of the same technology and fuel from sustainable sources. Furthermore, once the modifications are completed, on a standard generator for example, there are little or no pollutants that require the system to operate outside or in a well-ventilated area. In fact, this system can operate in small cement enclosure where noise pollution can be greatly reduced.

It seems best to operate this system at the same locations where there is a steady supply of waste oils, such as near restaurants.

The following is an illustration of how a lawnmower would be retrofitted:

TechNavio’s analysts forecast the global diesel and gas generator market to reach $16.5 Billion by 2016. One of the key factors to this market growth is the increasing concern over the energy deficit. The global diesel and gas generator market has been witnessing the development of the next-generation generators. However, the need to comply with government regulations and guidelines could pose a challenge to the growth of this market.

It is possible to purchase basic generators at very low cost, but moderate volume, and have them modified using the plasma reactor. One supplier is alibaba.com and you can find a range of generators at: http://www.alibaba.com/showroom/generic-gas-generators.html

The wood gas generator market is present mainly in the United States and Canada in North America; Finland, Norway, Germany, the United Kingdom and Sweden in Europe; Japan and Korea in the Asia Pacific region; South Africa and Brazil in the Rest of the World.

The increasing demand for energy, lesser emission as compared to the petroleum fuels and uneven distribution of oil and gas reserves are the major drivers for the wood gas generator market. The problems associated with the transportation and storage of the woods and charcoals are the major restraints to the wood gas generator market. The large amount of forest cover in the untapped market of South American and Central African countries can act as opportunities for the wood gas generator market.

Wood gas generators may be a competitor for the fuel processor. The increasing demand for energy has created concerns for the government to supply life line energy to all its citizens. Presently, the scientists are working on either developing or designing such systems that can convert the waste, timber or charcoal into useful energy sources with lesser carbon emission. These systems will not only generate energy but will also help in achieving the goal of reduced global carbon footprints. The wood gas generator is a type of generator that meets the above requirements. The wood gas generator can be used to convert the charcoal or timber into wood gas or syngas. The wood gas that is formed by the help of wood gas generator is a type of a syngas consisting of carbon monoxide, nitrogen, hydrogen and methane. The increasing temperature due to emission of green house gases coupled with the increasing demand for energy can have positive impact on the wood gas generator market.

In my opinion, this only helps to create acceptance for the fuel processor/plasma reactor modified generators.

Industry Analysis by Country

Mexico

There are no threats to new entrants. NAFTA has paved the way for smooth trade with Mexico. Additionally, Mexico’s electricity industry is booming. The Mexican government estimates the need for total investment in the industry to be $50 billion over the next ten years. They estimate the need for an additional 26,000 megawatts over the next eight years. One advisor to Mexico’s Energy Secretary said that over 50% of the investment in the industry over the next 10 years is expected to come from the private sector. He added that reforms to be put before Congress this fall may increase that number significantly.4

In this fertile market, firm rivalry will be significant. This industry is growing rapidly and Mexico’s market is ready. It will be important to get in first and establish a market share. There will be numerous competitors, primarily from the U.S. and Canada. In the beginning as companies follow slightly different lines of development, there will be some product differentiation which will taper over time.

Threats of substitute products include other form of energy production including wind, solar, and grid supplied power. With utilities being privatized, grid power may pose a serious threat to general consumer acceptance of this product limiting the market of this product to critical systems and rural applications. In the rural applications wind and solar power may provide formidable competition.

Brazil

Brazil is currently having a major energy crisis due to the most severe drought in seventy years. Over 90% of Brazil’s power comes from hydroelectric dams. Reservoirs that should be over half after the rainy season are instead only a quarter full. The government is requiring electricity consumption cutbacks of 15-25% and doubling rates charged for electricity. Violators who fail to cut back will be punished with fines of up to 200% of utilities cost and subject to having power cut for up to six days. This amid unreliable, overtaxed grids leading to random blackouts. This has likely served as a wake up call that will inspire many Brazilians to look beyond the dam for other sources power. In fact many companies in Brazil are generating their own power.

Due to the intensity of the electricity shortage, there is stiff competition in Brazil. EnergyWorks, a division of Iberdrola S.A., a Spanish utility, has been engaged by several companies. EnergyWorks builds 5 Megawatt mini-powerplants on company grounds. They are expensive and require a commitment to buying electricity for 16-18 years. In view of recent economic instability in Brazil, many companies are not willing to make such a long term commitment.

Threats of substitute products include alternate means of power supply. Brazil has existing electricity supply to combat the current shortfall however there is no infrastructure in place to carry the excess supply to the heavily populated urban areas where the shortfall exists. In view of the current situation, Brazil has plans to create that infrastructure. Officials estimate that it will take about two years to close the gap between existing power supply and high need areas.

Thailand

Thailand is experiencing an electricity glut. While worldwide electricity reserves are required to be at 15% by international standard, Thailand’s reserves are at 40%. The Electricity Generation Authority of Thailand (Egat) is asking independent power providers who have not yet signed contracts to postpone supply until 2007. They had been planning to provide power starting in 2004. Egat claims that reserves are sufficient to last until 2006 and that is without considering power that Egat is obliged to purchase from plants in Laos and Malaysia.

Despite the electricity glut in Thailand, there is still a market for power generation in critical systems. However, recent economic hardship and underdevelopment make rural customers in Thailand unlikely.

The overzealous power grid in Thailand poses the greatest single threat to sales of on-site systems. With an abundance of electricity the need for on-site generation will appear to be minimal.

Greece

As a part of joining the European Union (EU), Greece has been forced to abolish its state run monopoly on the production and distribution of electricity. Additionally, in an effort to meet the objectives agreed to in the Kyoto Treaty, the EU requires that no later than 2010 a minimum of 12% of electricity will be produced using renewable energy. In fact, renewable energy is the main focus of Greece’s energy policy. In 1998, Greece approved 10 wind-energy projects and 25 hydro-electric projects and forecasted a 400% increase in the amount of electricity produced using renewable energy sources. Also, as part of the EU effort to create a single integrated infrastructure, Greece and Italy have recently joined their respective electricity grids by way of a high-voltage DC cable under the Adriatic Sea.

In Europe there is much emphasis on unification between EU countries. This would likely lead to preferential treatment being given to EU based competitors. In a separate study of the aerospace and defense industry an example of this behavior was cited where Raytheon lost a contract for air-to-air missiles to an unproven start-up cross-border European missile company.

The greatest threat is by alternative methods of producing electricity. Greece seems to have sound energy policy as it plans its use of renewable energy sources and its integration with other EU countries.

Some issues such as the bargaining power of buyers and suppliers are common in all countries.

The bargaining power of buyers is significant with large buyers such as the government or universities with medical and computing centers. These buyers would likely be sensitive to price.

The bargaining power of suppliers will relate to companies that emerge as industry leaders and are able to achieve economies of scale. There are currently many companies in the development stages in the United States, Canada, and Europe. Eventually, the number of competitors will decrease and the product will move toward being a commodity. There are already signs of that happening with the PEM component as Dupont and 3M enter the market as major production players.

Country Selection Summary

During the market research phase it became apparent that this product will serve a niche market. Unlike fuel cells used to power cars, stationary power generation units serve essentially two markets. The first is where reliability is paramount such as in hospitals, computer facilities, and emergency services. Secondly is the market of eclectic cabin dwellers far from any grid. All of the countries have the former while probably none have much of the latter. So what rationale is best in selecting only two of the countries? One investment publication put it this way:

“All it would take to stir up a frenzy for fuel cell stocks is a cold winter, a further increase in oil or natural gas prices and/or a major conflict in the Middle East. Any sign of the oil/utility markets having serious turbulence would make the nascent fuel cell industry seem like a quick-fix solution, when in reality it remains a long-term potential play.”6

This analysis of investing in the industry is helpful in determining which markets are best for this product. Using the same logic, the market with the most turmoil around the electricity industry, where electricity is either scarce or unreliable would make the best place to enter the market. Emotion is an unavoidable and even useful part of the buying process. Emotion is the main differentiating factor in looking at the needs of customers in the four countries. While all critical applications need on-site generation, a sense of urgency toward purchasing such a system will be strongest in areas with troubled power supply.

Thailand can be ruled out first because there is an abundance of electricity and no indication of it being problematic.

Second to be ruled out is Greece where increased integration with EU neighbors will strengthen their grid which at this time shows no signs of stress. Additionally, growing ties with European neighbors would likely make competing more difficult.

Among the four choices Brazil is currently the country with the most severe electricity supply problems. Despite economic problems, the crisis around the sector will create more potential buyers. In fact, on-site power generation with PEM based generators may provide sufficient supplementation to grid power while serving as backup for critical systems. And the cost would be significantly less than the alternative 5 megawatt mini-powerplants provided by EnergyWorks.

Finally, Mexico’s proximity to the U.S. and unity under NAFTA make it a good choice. Mexico’s open invitation to investment in the sector is also a plus. Mexico has seen the power woes of its close neighbor, California, and will likely try anything to avoid the same fate.

Having considered such things as the current electricity supply situation and surrounding emotional factors as well as barriers and competition, Mexico and Brazil seem the better choices as target markets.

GREEN STEAM ENGINE

There are many ways to generate energy outside of the standard energy/electrical grid. This presentation is limited to one device but provides a list of examples as to how it can be used in a business and investment model. I’ve chosen the “Green Steam”, Steam Engine as a means of producing energy on a community scale.

The reason I chose this is because it’s already in production. It was not in production when I first began studying it so this is really good news and unusual from what I’ve seen for similar devices in recent years. Please take a moment to review the manufacturer’s website: http://greensteamengine.com/

The basics of the invention is that it’s an axial piston fluid engine having single-acting cylinders incorporating swivel-joint attachment of the cylinders to rotary control valves wherein straight-line piston movement is established for the elimination of side forces on the pistons. The pistons and the control valves are connected to a common wobble drive member and arranged in geometry of lever positions to co-actively time the drive fluid into and out of the cylinders intermittently.

A basic mid-size engine could start at a suggested price of $499. to $1500. depending on the size. Added accessories could fill out a complete system that could sell for between $2500. to $10,000. depending on the size. The accessory package could include a generator, a water distiller, an inverter, a battery, a pump, a boiler and a choice of burners that use different fuels. A steam engine electrical generating system is exactly the same as a windmill system, therefore, no new technology needs to be developed for that part of the system. Boilers are very old well established products. However, new, small boilers dedicated to steam engine technology will need enhanced designing and updating. Simple and inexpensive boilers are prolific on Youtube and the Internet.

The steam engine can be assembled by people with little training. We can use this example for a business plan in order to prepare some of the elements of the plan for our purposes, and notice that the example plan involves the assembly of a renewable energy device. We just have a different one. http://cbetmodel.org/documents/PV-Module-TOC.pdf

The system I’m wanting to build includes a boiler and a solar concentrator such as a Fresnel Lens mounted in a frame that tracks the sun with a heliotrope. The heat can be absorbed into a heat exchanger to produce hot water and pressured guided into the boiler. The heat can be regulated enough to produce heat energy to power the steam engine and generate electricity and hot water.

Cash flow could come from leasing the apparatus to communities and maintenance agreements. One very possible parts supplier is Alibaba.com who can deliver items we need in high volume/low cost. We will need a marketing plan to go with a completed business plan, and we should decide on financing at some point. Maybe we can put the cash up front, but it’s still a good idea to obtain financing.

A Green Steam Engine system can offset the electrical and heating needs (reduce the load) of a small community, business, or small group of homes, such as in groups of 4 or 6 for each system. This system can also produce hydrogen for energy storage to be used during periods where there is little or no sunlight.

 

DEFECTIVE ENGINES GET LESS THAN 100 MPG

Your car engine is defective if it’s getting less than 100 miles per gallon. There is vacuum and other technology, that is fairly old, which has been excluded from today’s engine manufacturing so that people will need to buy more fuel and pay for more maintenance on their car engines than necessary.

The fuel injection technology was developed by the car manufacturers when people began discovering that the carburetor could be modified to give engines an efficiency of more than 1,000 miles per gallon. In fact, it was the car manufacturers that discovered this through their own research. Yes, that is more than one thousand, not just one hundred. I’m not going to discus this because the vast majority of cars people are using now have fuel injection and the carburetor research is fairly easy to find.

The fuel injection system we use today involves a “throttle body” and this along with the spark plug specifications and the positive crankcase ventilation or “PCV” valve can be modified (upgraded) to give gas engines, at least double the efficiency they are now getting. We should be getting at least 100 miles per gallon by simply correcting what the manufacturer deliberately did not build into the engine.

I’ll bet you never thought that your car engine was manufactured defectively, but I’ll bet it will really set your head spinning when you realize that it was deliberate. I’m not technically inclined on this subject, so I must include a detailed explanation from one of the inventors himself, Ron Hatton. Here is how he explains it.

In March of 2009, while speaking with a pilot who holds several records for fuel efficiency in flight who was describing the turbulence over his wings, I had an idea. If I could make that kind of action occur inside an engine, something good would happen. Almost immediately, the shape and location popped inside my head, accompanied by an energy that made it impossible for me to do anything but apply this modification.

Beginning with a 2000 Land Rover, we began to find it working to enhance combustion characteristics across all gasoline engines. Now, more than three years later, this technology has spread to more than 20 nations and is in almost every state in the union.

Basically, what we have discovered is the shape or a “groove” that I call “The Gadgetman Groove”. It has a profound effect on the naturally occurring pressure curve inside the intake manifold in such a way as to reduce the pressure available as the fuel is delivered to the cylinder. This reduction in pressure has the added effect of increasing the quantity of fuel that is in vapor state at the point of ignition.

Fuel that is normally burned in the exhaust (so-called “Waste Fuel”) is given what it needs to burn inside the engine, enabling tremendous increases in fuel efficiency and all that means to an engine AND the environment.

The normal process of the intake cycle generates a condition of reduced pressure inside the intake manifold. This is called “Vacuum” and represents anything below normal atmospheric pressure and is measured in Inches of Mercury (Hg). As an engine ages, the seals that create this vacuum deteriorate (ring wear, broken lines, dried and cracking diaphragms). As the vacuum drops, so does the efficiency of your engine.

This is because of a little considered scientific law called The Law of Standard Temperature and Pressure” or “The Ideal Gas Lawwhich, simply stated, is “At a standard pressure and a standard temperature, fluid X requires Y amount of BTU’s to change states.” As it applies to us here in the world of fuel efficiency, if you reduce the pressure on a liquid, it will vaporize at a lower relative temperature.

Why is Pressure Important?

Gasoline is a liquid. Oxygen is a vapor. You cannot mix the two under normal conditions. They must both be in the same state to blend (liquid to liquid, vapor to vapor). As you will never see the amount of pressure inside an engine necessary to liquefy oxygen, you can forget that approach. BUT! Since there is already a vacuum present, you CAN enhance the wave already present, providing the conditions appropriate for blending the fuel with the oxygen, a prerequisite for combustion.

What’s a “Normal” Vacuum?

Normal engine vacuum is considered “ideal” at about 17” Hg. But, as we discussed earlier, this is just a figure, and all engines will have different values here, as will the temperature-to a greater or lesser degree. It is the vacuum (in conjunction with the manifold temperature) that causes some of the fuel vaporization, enabling the fuel to burn faster at the point of ignition. These vapors, when ignited, then supply the BTU’s the rest of the fuel compounds require to vaporize, so they may complete the combustion process. Combustion will continue until either the fuel or the oxygen is depleted to the point it will not support further combustion. Unfortunately, the fuel we are given today to run our engines burns so slowly that most of it is consumed in the catalytic converter.

The raw (un-combusted) fuel is held up there, coming into contact with certain heavy metals which, when heated, allows the fuel to burn (or catalyze) leaving compounds less harmful to the environment than the raw fuel. In summary, the catalytic converter burns what is considered to be “Waste Fuel” (the fuel the engine can not consume -under “normal” conditions.)

Therefore, if you want to increase the rate of combustion (and clean up your emissions!) you have to be able to reduce the amount of fuel in the exhaust. The best way to do this is to change the conditions on which the computer bases its fuel delivery. Simply, burn more of the fuel (and the oxygen!) in the combustion chamber. The only way to do that is to get it to mix better with the oxygen, and the BEST way to do that: vaporize more of the fuel!

The core problem is that liquid fuel must evaporate to burn completely. Combustion happens so fast that the fuel cannot evaporate completely, resulting in un-combusted fuel being sent to the catalytic converter. This is where the emissions are processed, and where the computer takes most of the information which it uses as the basis for its calculations to determine the fuel requirements.

He is not specific here, but this involves modifying the throttle body. The throttle body is the part of the air intake system that controls the amount of air flowing into the engine, it looks something like this:

Once you’ve modified the throttle body, you will want to further increase your engine’s efficiency by capping off the positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve and then modifying your spark plug gaps beyond the manufacturer’s specifications.

I’m going going to get into all of that detail, you can read it for yourself via this link:

http://gadgetmangroove.com/index.php/gadgetman-land/documents/category/1-gadgetman-groove-documents

My point is writing this article is to explain that the corporations that are supposed to serve people, have instead by serving their owners at our expense. We can stop this, and we can do it in a way that everyone benefits, even the owners and their customers (us).

It’s not enough that, for example, the throttle body isn’t made properly, but there are mechanisms in your car that deliberately help to waste fuel, such as the O2 sensors. These sensors prevent you from improving the gas mileage using a technique such as modifying the throttle body, or changing your spark plug gaps. In fact, the specifications for spark plug gaps also keep your spark plugs from operating in the most efficient way possible. Of course I’m not a mechanic and people will criticize what I’m saying here, but at least check it out for yourself and don’t take my word for it.

NO FUTURE FOR RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE TITLES

Titles to real estate are the mark of a feudal economic system. In other words, if we rely on titles to land to identify ownership, then we can never own the land because it is truly owned by the tax collector and other lien holders.

We are moving more deeply into a society where the tax collector and banking system have become the gatekeepers for people who want to pay for and use the land for productive purposes. But it’s all connected to the fact that the cultural norms in our society are built upon transferring a clear title to land when we buy and sell. Insurance is based upon it, tax liabilities are based upon it and the perception of property rights and liabilities are based upon the title.

Imagine selling the “exclusive right of possession” to someone who wants to use your house? How is it your house? Well, it’s not, but because your name is on the title, the statutes give you the exclusive right to use it. This has made us slaves to the banking system and taxing authorities. What if you conveyed the title of your home into a limited liability company? Give it the same name as your street address, for example, a home at 123 Elm Street, is now titled in the name of “123 ELM STREET, LLC”. You then add a standard lease agreement into the LLC operating agreement and then “lease” the property to the next occupant.

But what about equity and appreciation? We must break this cycle, this is what makes us slaves to the banking system, we think we can gain money from holding title, when it’s all a fraudulent scheme conducted by the banking system to keep us running in circles. Forget about “equity” and forget about the title, once conveyed into an LLC, it will forever remain and only the terms of occupancy will change within the operating agreement, from one occupant to the next. As more people do this, less and less people will need to have mortgages as prices on real estate plummet.

As this trend continues, the prices of real estate will return back to the costs of construction plus labor and a contractor’s premium for building the home. The prices will not rise and fall with the banking system or the crooked “fed rate” system. No one will be concerned about selling the title anymore because no one will need a title to enjoy the occupancy of a home (or any property for that matter). But what about the property taxes and foreclosure?

Foreclosure for Taxes

Yes, the property tax collector can still foreclose if the property taxes are not paid. The foreclosure would transfer the title to a buyer of the tax lien debt (whether deed or certificate), so the title would change. And if the occupant could not work out a debt with the buyer of the tax debt, it would allow him to foreclose. But because there is little invested, no expectation of any windfalls from equity or appreciation, it would be just as easy for that occupant to find another deal just like it with another property, a new LLC and enter into the operating agreement just like before, the only loss being the costs of moving.

It would also allow the new tax lien buyer to hold the title in his own LLC and just continue like everyone else, sell occupancy and jointly control the title. This new arrangement would work for everyone. How would the occupant protect his interests in the property with insurance?

Insurance

We can take steps to mitigate risks without insurance, as used in the traditional sense.

Structural damage

Your house should be located and constructed properly. Don’t build in a dry river bed or below sea level, and build it well so it can withstand the appropriate level of weathering. Even with all of these precautions, there will still be some risk to structural damages, but you will have greatly minimized this risk with planning, building and re-building.

Personal liability

Because your name is not on the title, you won’t have any personal liability. If anyone were to sue the owner for a physical injury, he would have nothing more than a judgment lien (assuming he won because there was no need to defendant against the claim) and the lien would eventually expire or be severed in another foreclosure (it would be uncollectible).

Contents (chattels)

A renter’s policy would work perfectly to cover the contents of your home, it’s a lease agreement, nothing new. But you could install an appropriate security system and use vaults for certain items and locks on drawers, etc.

Generally

While steps can be taken to greatly reduce known risks for your property, they cannot be totally eliminated. But your need for traditional insurance should be greatly diminished accordingly, or it should be diminished enough to where you would be willing and easily able to set aside enough money to cover them yourself. These remaining risks can be covered in the operating agreement by all parties as well, not just the tenant or the co-party tenant.

Foreclosure for Mortgages

Using residential homes in this way would eventually eliminate the need or usefulness for mortgages. In fact, in the near future, as these ideas are adopted, I believe mortgages will be seen as a “very stupid idea”.

However, let’s say there is a mortgage, where the borrower is the LLC. It would likely a short term mortgage, more like a 7 year term, and a hard money loan (not from a bank). If the terms of the mortgage are not met, well, we already have laws in place to protect the lender. And look at the interests of the tenants, it would not be several hundred thousands of dollars in equity at risk, just some moving costs. In fact the costs of foreclosure, even uncontested, might be more than the value of the mortgage or the property.

I see this as a trend, people are already realizing that we can use property this way. Maybe we will be recording these operating agreements on the blockchain, but that’s another subject.

WHAT TO DO BEFORE THE LIGHTS GO OUT

What will you do when the lights go out and the water stops running? This is my opinion of course, that the lights will go out, I think it is inevitable given the situation our government has created, but let’s not be concerned with the cause. Why should we not just be prepared to adapt to situations that might jeopardize our families? I think we should, we buy insurance, we have locks on the doors, we follow most of the rules of the road, most of the time, why not prepare for situations where we don’t have modern conveniences?

People talk about “survival” and “prepping” and things like that, but I look at the subject in terms of a lifestyle change. Let’s face it, we’ve lost most of the really good knowledge from our grandparents, such as gardening, composting, saving seeds, canning, planning for future seasons, even harvesting water. We expect our infrastructure to deliver these things. We expect that trucks will bring food for us to buy, and that we’ll have the income to buy them, and that the water will always be running, in fact, we don’t give it a second thought, most of us anyway.

One of the key pieces in this article that I really don’t discuss, is getting your immediate neighbors involved in their own efforts to undertake their own lifestyle changes of the kind I describe here. If you are the only one who is prepared in your neighborhood, you might become a target, It’s kind of like being able to save a drowning victim, but the victim nearly drowns you while trying to save his life. It is very important to have a community, ideally of about 150 families, from which you can get and give support.

I’m going to describe some methods and name some products that I have discovered through my own research. I believe that preparing or undergoing this lifestyle change as I call it, does not require you to buy tens of thousands of dollars worth of equipment. While I name some brands here, I don’t make any money if you buy any of these products, I’m just naming them because I like them and have found them to be the most useful.

WATER

Water is your most important and immediate need if the water stops flowing. You at least need some stored water, and for that, you need to know how much water you use, per person, per day, right now. Once you determine this, then you need to calculate a reduced amount based upon what you could live with, comfortably (again, not a survival mode, per se). Survivalists will tell you that people need about 3 gallons of water per day. I think we each use more than 300 per day, so make your plans based upon 30 gallons per person, per day and you should be easily able to make this adaptation.

You at least need to filter water, but you also need to store some as you filter it. You should be able to start with a few days of stored water that you have already set aside, 100 gallons for each person. A family of four should have 400 – 500 gallons already stored. The easiest way to do this is using rain barrels that are designed for this purpose. You can buy them online or have them delivered to a local retailer for purchase. A normal price is about $80 each, but I’ve seen people get them for free from companies that normally discard them, so shop around. You want food-grade barrels.

The water you store should be ready for drinking and it will help to have a way to empty out the water using a spigot or other mechanism so you avoid scooping out water by hand. The barrels should be elevated in a shaded or enclosed area, out of the sun. Obviously, there are other ways of doing this, I’m just giving you one way, you can build on it.

Of course a well may be your best way to get clean water, just be sure it can be pumped manually and by a solar PV / battery type system.

You need to be able to filter water from any source and replenish the barrels. You can use additional barrels to catch the water from the gutter system on your roof. If you don’t have one, you should get one as soon as you can.

I recommend one filter that produces 4,750 gallons of filtered water in batches of 12 liters, for $140, http://lifestraw.com/products/lifestraw-mission/

This is another way to store water, in mylar lined boxes, and you will need a way to purify the water, using non-toxic chemicals. Here is the source, https://www.buyemergencyfoods.com/collections/water-storage-and-filtration-systems

You want water purification tablets such as https://www.amazon.com/Quake-Kare-2GQK-Purification-Tablets/dp/B0007VSLK8, this is just one example of tablets.

I prefer using iodine and a brand of black mica known as Adya Clarity®, https://www.amazon.com/AC32OZ-Clarity-Ounce-Mineral-Solution/dp/B002UCWDY2. You can research online to determine which of these will work better for you. You can also use chlorine because it does evaporate, so you just have to understand how to use these to make purified drinking water.

Learn about how to create a water or rain catchment system for your home as you need a way to collect water and then filter it. That is the easy part, as you should eventually discover ways to filter “gray water” to conserve what you have. Sometimes you don’t have to be that conservative if there is enough rainfall in your area.

You may also want to build your own bio-sand filter, many of the components can be purchased at your local hardware store.  The benefit of doing this is that you can filter any type of water without a pump, as this is a gravity fed filter.  Here is more information:  http://biosandfilters.info/

FOOD

Most of us need food in order to stay alive. If the trucks stop delivering food to the stores, you will need enough stored to sustain yourself and your family for a period of time. I’m suggesting that you have a minimum of 90 days’ worth of food in storage, and that you normally use this food, in date order, and replenish it along with your groceries. In other words, don’t just buy the survival foods and keep them in the basement and forget about it. Store food that you will use such as; beans, rice, oats, flour, salt, sugar (e.g. Turbinado), olive oil, canned goods, oats, grains, dried fruits, nuts, 100% fruit juices (no “drink” juices), honey, un-sulfured black strap molasses, pure maple syrup (Grade B), coffee, tea and even some whiskey and wine, and some hard candy.

Also consider a wider range of spices, at least for nutrition, if not for taste and exchanging with your neighbors.

The reason I suggest 90 days as a minimum is because that is about how long it takes to grow potatoes and most other vegetables. You will need the ability to grow at least half of the food you need to eat on a regular basis, but I suggest that your objective should be to grow 80% of what you eat.

There are of course a million ways to do this, but I’m only going to share one with you. You might need a green house, or several where you live, or you might need an indoor growing tent, but for most of us, we can use an outdoor “square foot garden”. This is where you build a 4′ x 4′ garden with 1′ high borders and fill it with mulched and composted soil and plant four different types of vegetables. You might plant radishes in ¼, then tomatoes in another, and lettuce in another ¼ and then peppers in another. Research this subject to determine a gardening style that works for you.

If you’re planting from seeds, be sure you use organic, heirloom, non-hybrid seeds. These are so easy to find, you can get a whole bucket of them from www.infowars.com and it will last you the rest of this century if you save your seeds and re-plant each season.

Once you begin using your harvests, you may end up having to store some of what you do not eat or trade/share with others. For this you will need canning equipment. I’m not going to give you too much detail here, but use this website as your launching pad into the world of canning your own fruits and vegetables,

http://www.mountainfeed.com/blogs/learn/15522713-our-must-have-list-of-canning-equipment-supplies

You will also want to begin planting fruit trees that are suitable for your zone. Many fruit trees can begin producing fruit to eat in about 9 months, so do some research and include these with your gardening.

FIRST AID

You need first aid supplies and the knowledge of how and when to use them. Many, very adequate first aid kits can be purchased from your local Costco, Sam’s Club or BJ’s, or online; here are some you can visit: www.uline.com or www.rei.com.

CamphoPhenique® is also a great medicine to have in stock, along with NeoSporin®.

COOKING SUPPLIES

Most of us do not have fire proof kitchen cook ware, but many of us have gas or wood grills. You should consider getting a variety of cast iron skillets in case you have to cook or boil water over a fire. Okay, that just opened a nice big fat can of worms, so let me narrow this down for you a bit. This is kind of like augmenting your patio grill with some camping gear, if you don’t already have some. This is just one place to review what is available, http://www.lodgemfg.com/prodcat/camp-ovens-and-grills.asp. I like the pre-seasoned skilets, and I have several sizes. Here is another source, http://www.williams-sonoma.com/products/3030413/

I also prefer cooking over a gasification stove, it requires no fuel to buy from the store or a supplier, I just have to go out and collect dried wood and it is 3 times as efficient as a grill or traditional campfire. You can find a really good gasification stove from www.solostove.com, I actually have one and have used it to make tea and eggs.

I recommend three ways to light the stove, or whatever you are using, a flint lighter, a gas lighter or a magnifying glass / Fresnel lens. I mention Fresnel lens because we all have one and don’t know it, and it’s among the best sources for producing heat and fire. If you remove the frame from the front of a television, you can pop out the Fresnel lens. If you see a discarded television placed for trash pick-up, you might want to retrieve the lens. There are videos on youtube that describe how to do this.

Get yourself a package of these “SE FS374 All-Weather Emergency 2-IN-1 Fire Starter & Magnesium Fuel Bar (Everything you need to start a fire!)”. You’re also going to want a large magnifying glass, I’d get a dozen of them, to start a fire during the day. You can also use a 6” x 6” Fresnel lens or something close to this size, very small. The easiest way though is just to use a gas lighter, the kind you use for lighting grills.

MONEY

Money will be helpful, but you can use what you don’t need to trade with others, especially from gardening and canning. But you should really have cash on hand, preferably in a mechanical safe, and then you’re going to want some gold and silver. The kind of gold and silver you want is American Eagles and grams, and you don’t need much, I’d say about $1,000 worth of fiat cash and $1,000 worth of gold & silver. At the time of this writing, you can get a gram or even a half gram of gold for under $50 and silver for under $1. The American Silver Eagles are about $20. Where did I come up with the amount you will need? I just made it up, think about how much money you had when you left home, it was probably less than $2,000, well it was for most people, so you’ll be just fine.

If you stored up small bottles of whiskey, it can also be used for money, and so can salt and sugar. Just think it through.

PAPER SUPPLIES

You can and should stock up on paper supplies such as toilet paper and feminine napkins, along with kitchen paper products, including paper towels. I would get only paper towels and not napkins, as the paper towels can be used for everything. These need to be stored in a cool and dry place and you should probably store them with a desiccant, something that will absorb moisture. Remember that desiccants can be toxic, but you might be able to use chalk or baking soda as a substitute.

There are many videos online that explain how to store toilet paper and paper goods for the long term.

SOAP, CLEANING METHODS AND SUPPLIES

Personal hygiene is important for many reasons, but your health probably the most. I would suggest preparing to stop using shampoo and softener type products and clean yourself with an anti-bacterial bar soap, and yes, use that to clean your hair. It should be made with honey, lavender, or olive oil, anything that is anti-bacterial.

It is so much easier to buy this in bulk than make it yourself. I have bought bulk soap in loaves, but if you want to go big, buy it at a discount in blocks and get your own soap cutter to cut it into loaves and then usable bars. You want organic bar soap, made without animal fats, such as https://www.oregonsoapcompany.com/wholesale/bulk-bar-soap and http://vermontsoap.com/private-label-and-bulk-organic-soap/handmade-bar-soaps-and-soap-bricks/.

You need a way to clean surfaces without relying on store-bought or caustic chemicals. The traditional ones that people used before the eighties are the best still today. We have Murphy’s Oil Soap®, vinegar, baking soda, isopropyl alcohol, Witch Hazel®, lavender, mint, and hydrogen peroxide. We can include bleach as well.

You will also need brushes and sponges and rags.

You will need to store a few tooth brushes for each person along with razor blades and the handles needed to use them. You won’t need shaving cream, bar soap works just fine, but who am I to tell you this, you can store what you want.

TOOLS

You will want the widest variety of knives, but don’t start buying up everything, first look around your house and determine what you already have, you probably already have enough to be sufficient. You might need a better knife sharpener or a sharpening stone.

One of the more useful tools is binding material, such as duct tape and twine. You may want a case of duct tape and a few cases of twine and rope.  Include scissors in this list, a variety of them, even shears, but scissors will also be useful in cutting twine and grooming or cutting hair.

You will also want to have a variety of and duplicates of flashlights or battery powered lighting.

You will need shovels, axes, hatchets and sharpeners for each, or at least a sharpening stone.

You will want candles, I’m recommending several cases of the 6” pillar, unscented, something like this, http://www.dlightonline.com/2×6-pillar-candles-white-36pcs-per-case-bulk-wholesale/, shop for price. You can make the use of candles around the house safer by placing them in an oil lamp fixture, or something like this.

You will want bottles, such as Mason jars (assortment of vessels) buckets and bins, a large variety and made from both non-food-grade and food-grade, including materials from metal, glass and plastic, along with lids or ways to seal them.

You’re going to need a tub or two so that you can wash clothing.

WEAPONS & AMMUNITION

I think about this with three premises, 1) plan to avoid having to use weapons for personal security and defense, 2) only have weapons that I am very familiar with using and cannot be used to harm myself very easily and 3) having to use a weapon in a confrontation with another person or group involves the other person usually bringing weapons to the scene, that I can use. I just have to take them away.

The types of weapons that should easily be available and fairly easy to achieve a decent level of skill in using include, knives, swords, nun-chucks, staff, bow & arrow, sling shots, hand guns, rifles, mace, pepper spray, brass knuckles, poison, fire and shotguns. It is important to first note which weapons are best used for close proximity and which ones can be used at a distance. I prefer those situations and those weapons that can be used at a distance.

I’m not going to recommend any brands here, there is plenty of information and training if you look for it. Just be sure you get the right ammunition and store it properly.

FUEL

As a general rule, I’d recommend not storing liquid fuel, except for maybe a small amount or what you want for a generator (a generator is one of the least important things to have when the lights go out, at least if your plan is to use it for the long term). Fuel could be wood or coal, and if stored safely, I see no problem with this. I just think that storing kerosene, gasoline, methanol or other liquid fuels is very dangerous and unnecessary.

OTHER SUPPLIES

You’re going to need to make notes and send messages, so you’ll need a variety of paper and pens. You won’t need pencils unless you are home schooling because they require a pencil sharpener and erases usually. These are not necessary, and it would help to have a solar powered, or even battery powered calculator.

You’ll also need a solar powered or hand crank powered radio in case you are able to get a weather report or hear other important news.  Amazon.com has some very good ones, https://www.amazon.com/Epica-Emergency-Flashlight-Smartphone-Certified/dp/B00CZDT30S and here is another source, http://www.ambientweather.com/emra.html.

TOYS, GAMES AND BICYCLES

We need recreation and entertainment, it’s part of what keeps us healthy. If the power is down, it will be useful to have several decks of cards, board games, crayons and coloring books, game pieces such as dice, Rubik’s Cube, and dominoes, etc.

Be sure each person in your family has a properly working bicycle along with the ability to repair or replace flat tires, and a repair kit (or several) with tire pump. These may be your only reliable form of transportation for a while.

It’s also a good idea to have sporting equipment, such as soccer balls, baseball, basketball, football, kick-balls, tennis balls and rackets, skateboard, frisbees, volley ball, and really good running or walking shoes. I don’t recommend all of the other equipment that usually goes along with the sports, but just the basics to stay in shape and have some recreational time.

CLOTHING & LAUNDRY

You will want a modest collection of cotton t-shirts, jeans, good walking shoes and under clothing, for men and women and children. These should be durable and easy to wash and easy to mend by hand or with a sewing machine. This leads me into the next subject, laundry.

It’s really simple, we have to wash our clothing. We have always used a tub of water with soap, that’s all you really need. You can buy manual washing machines or make your own, that’s up to you, but it really is as simple as using clean water, adding soap, oscillating and then rinsing. After your clothes are washed, hang them out to dry.

ENERGY

Notice how I listed this last. It is the least important aspect of these lifestyle changes, but it is important. The power grid may be working just fine, and with no interruptions, even if it is interrupted at some point, it may be restored quickly. Either way, you may want to explore the idea of producing your own energy, something like a hobby. I recommend this video by Tin Hat Ranch for starting: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4qcoEXYqK0.

Finally, you may want to practice now by having a “no power” day, at least once a month, or weekly.  This is when you don’t use any electricity or running water in your home for one day, but try to live the same way you always do using the “alternate” methods.

EXPORTING MONEY WITH BITCOIN

The reason why at least I’m an advocate of Bitcoin is because it’s a gateway to privacy without trying to bargain with our legislators. The terms “laundering” and “smuggling” are misnomers and only used to promote drama in the subject. These activities are illegal but what’s interesting is that the “system” from which we want and need privacy considers any privacy you want to be the result of laundering or smuggling money. We have rights to privacy, and these rights are absolute, they existed before any government, they exist because we are people and have a conscience, and we are beings of reason.

Taking back your privacy is a vote for privacy and liberty and freedom and it’s a vote against a government system that has lost its way and has become a monstrosity instead of a protector of our rights. We have to protect our own rights.

In July, we will witness a change in the way Bitcoin is priced because of a change in the mining rewards.

In the Bitcoin network, user transactions are grouped in blocks and recorded to a digital public ledger called a blockchain. Miners are in charge of this task, and receive a mining reward in the form of bitcoins for each block recorded.

The amount of bitcoins rewarded for each block decreases with time: it is halved every 4 years. This event, the moment when the mining reward is divided by 2, is commonly called “Bitcoin halving”. Other denominations are used: “reward drop”, “reward halving”, or simply “the halving” or “the Halvening” which is a popular meme among bitcoiners.

When Bitcoin was created in 2009, the initial reward was 50 bitcoins. In November 2012, it dropped to 25btc after the first halving. The second halving will take place in July 2016, decreasing the reward to 12.5btc

Visit this website for more information, http://www.thehalvening.com/

Vault Exchanges

This is a very simple technique for moving money to foreign jurisdictions. When you have precious metals in your possession and you want to move them out of the country, for example, you can exchange them for Bitcoins in the originating jurisdiction and then use those Bitcoins without minutes to buy an equivalent amount of precious metals in your foreign vault service.

Elemetal Vault services works with Provident Metals to provide a vault storage service for people who want to store precious metals in a third party vault service. I see no indication that you can exchange your precious metals for Bitcoin but I think it would be very easy to arrange, especially because Provident Metals accepts Bitcoin.

There are other services of course, but I have to explain the details about Bullion Star.

Bullion in Singapore

Singapore is simply the best country in the world to buy and store bullion.

Singapore is the free-trade capital of the world and has a solid reputation in terms of property rights protection and ease of doing business. These conditions together with below mentioned advantages makes Singapore the ideal location for storing precious metals.

Tax-Free – There is no tax for bullion whatsoever in Singapore. No GST/VAT/Sales tax and no capital gains tax.

No Reporting Requirements – There are no domestic or international reporting requirements for buying, selling or storing gold in Singapore. No permits are necessary to import or export investment precious metals.

Cash Allowed – Cash makes sense. There is no counter party risk involved for cash and carry. If you settle in cash, you don’t have to place any trust in anyone. You get the bullion, we get the cash.

Safety & Security – The crime rate in Singapore is among the lowest in the world. Violent crime is almost unheard of. There’s a strong rule of law in Singapore. You can take physical possession and walk out with your precious metals without any problem.

Property Ownership Rights – Singapore is politically stable with strong property ownership rights protection.

Business Climate – Singapore consistently ranks top three globally in business climate reports measuring how easy and straightforward it is to conduct business in different countries.

Laws and Regulations – While governments in the EU and the USA try to curb investments into precious metals by introducing legislation that makes it difficult to purchase precious metals, the government of Singapore is dedicated to transform Singapore into a trading hub for precious metals. The Singaporean government encourages bullion dealers and refineries to set up their business in Singapore with the objective of increasing Singapore’s share of the global gold market from the present 2 % of global gold trade to 10 % by 2020.

Independence from the EU & USA – Singapore has no jurisdictional ties to the US or any country in Europe. Singapore is proud of its independence. BullionStar.com is just one vault service that you will want to research for this country.

Cold Storage

Any Bitcoins stored online will be vulnerable to hackers and security compromises and any online wallet provider who claims that its wallets are 100% hackproof is simply lying. Hackers are smart, technologically advanced, proficient and fiercely determined. Inputs.io was recently hacked for over 6400 bitcoins, and BitFloor was put out of business by hackers. However, hackers cannot steal Bitcoins that are stored offline in ‘cold storage’ encrypted containers.

I’m not promoting bitkee.com specifically, but I really do like the product and my research indicates that it is a reliable tool that will get you the protection and security you want with your Bitcoins. There are competing services and you will discover them with your research.

A paper wallet is a mechanism for storing bitcoins offline as a physical document. It can have all the necessary information to send and receive bitcoins without relying on a computer for storage and use.

You can use www.bitaddress.org or www.bitcoinpaperwallet.com to generate your own private paper wallet address and use these wallets to store your bitcoin on a paper document in a safe or other secure location.

Paper wallets are typically created by printing a newly generated public key and private key onto paper. When good security practices are followed paper wallets are one of the safest ways to store bitcoins physically and offline.

A bitkee is durable, fireproof, waterproof, corrosion resistant and invulnerable to software and hardware crashes. Specific precautions are taken to eliminate security risks when printing a bitkee. These wallets are produced in a Faraday cage, with very strict hard-drive destruction and security protocols. An example of a Faraday cage is your microwave, it will nearly block all frequencies to electronic devices, it’s not perfect and you can make your own with a greater degree of security, but this is a good example. Other examples include copper mesh wallets for your credit cards.

One other way to store Bitcoin and any other data is on a device such as a USB Drive or an SD card that has its own operating system installed. You would be able to keep this device on your key chain for example and “boot to it” on any computer and operate from it as if it’s your own computer using someone else’s monitor, mother board and keyboard, You will want to look into installing the free version of the Tails operating system or Linux on your USB Drive or SD card for this purpose.

Dark Laundering

The ability to buy large volumes of Bitcoin at one time is limited with most of the exchanges; however, https://darklaunder.com/ is one of those services that allow you to buy an unlimited amount of Bitcoins each day. This is a Bitcoin “tumbler” or “mixer”.

Once you get your volumes of money into Bitcoin, you can then free to use more services to increase your privacy. Here are some examples.

One of the main benefits of Bitcoin is the safety of its transactions. It is not regulated or managed by any government or banking institution; it is impossible to do so thanks to the nature of its design. Bitcoin is a completely secure and easy means of transferring money throughout the world. It is also very cheap to perform international payments with Bitcoin as credit cards charge commissions for every transaction that takes place.

You will want to do further research using these key phrases: “Dark Wallet” and “Dark Launder” along with https://www.darkwallet.is/.

Darkwallet is a community of projects developing a wallet with privacy, scalability and integrity. We see Bitcoin fundamentally as a new tool of business and trade in the free economy, more than a mere payments innovation.

The Darkwallet is our first step into a series of products that will touch upon tools for markets, governance and organization. These are tools we need for our own communities, where we aim to create self-managed spaces.

You will also want to review http://samouraiwallet.com/

Using Bitcoin Casinos To Launder Bitcoin

Bitcoin casinos essentially “clean” coins and you don’t even need to put in much effort. You can deposit “dirty” coins, play for a bit, withdraw your coins from the casinos, and voila! You’ve received bitcoins that have been transferred several times.

Laundering bitcoin works and using bitcoin casinos to do that is only one of the many ways to launder. If you do it correctly, there isn’t much anyone do about it. It will always be a game of cat and mouse.

Here is a rating schedule of different Bitcoin casinos: https://bitcoincasinos.reviews/

YOUR SIGNATURE IS MONEY

Here are two habits, using old school methods, that will end and prevent banks and the government from stealing your signature, its value, and committing forgery and counterfeiting. The section that follows will discuss new technology for utilizing your signature and protecting it from becoming a “blank check” for bankers, businesses and the government.

This article is written specifically in response to the billions of dollars of counterfeit and forged promissory notes that have recently flooded the United States and have been used to steal American homes and wreck our economy. The problem is now solved (at least going forward). However, we need to adopt the following practices whenever entering into any promissory note arrangement, especially when it is going to be secured by a trust deed or mortgage lien against our homes

FIRST – PANTOGRAPHIC SECURITY PAPER

When you first obtain your closing documents, the first task should be to locate the promissory note and print it from the file or copy it onto the following type of paper:

This is pantographic security paper. It can be purchased in 8 ½ x 11” or 8 ½ x 14” dimensions, in 25 Lb. or 60 Lb. Bond Void Blue, Pantograph on one side, 1-up on 8.5″ x 14″ sheet. You can usually buy 250 sheets/pack and it usually has ten or twelve security features. It is also compatible with copiers, laser, inkjet and offset presses.

I will recommend one brand, but there are many more that you can find yourself. Kan’t Kopy® K2 is one-sided security paper that has 10 security features with counterfeit resistant printing to secure originals. The security features include:

Pantograph (hidden message) – When an unauthorized person tries to copy or scan the original, a “Void” hidden message appears.

Color Match – The original color of Kan’t Kopy® paper can not be reproduced with any type of copy process.

Kan’t Kopy® Artificial Watermark – An artificial watermark is manufactured onto the paper.

Anti-Copy Coin Rub – Watermark on the back turns black when rubbed with a coin.

Erasure Protection – Guards against erasing/modifying and scanning.

Acid Free – Preserves documents for a longer period of time.

Toner Grip – Enables ink from your printer to stick to the paper without it flaking or smudging.

UV Paper Dull – Ultraviolet light will not brighten the paper.

UV Paper Glow – Paper has embedded security fibers only visible under ultraviolet light.

Chemically Reactive – Spots will appear if chemicals are used in an attempt to alter a Kan’t Kopy® document.

You can find more information and similar products at https://www.blanksusa.com and search the Internet for “pantograph security paper”.

In security printing, void pantograph refers to a method of making copy-evident and tamper-resistant patterns in the background of a document. Normally these are invisible to the eye, but become obvious when the document is photocopied. Typically they spell out “void”, “copy”, “invalid” or some other indicator message.

Void pantographs work by exploiting the limitations and features of copying equipment. A scanner or photocopier will act as a low-pass filter on the original image, blurring edges slightly. It will also not be perfectly aligned with the directions of the document, causing aliasing. Features smaller than the resolution will also not be reproduced. In addition, human vision is sensitive to luminance contrast ratio. This means that if a grey region consists of a grid of very small dark dots the filtering will produce a lighter grey, while a region of larger dots will be affected differently (“big-dot-little-dot”). This makes it possible to see a pattern that previously was invisible. Numerous variations exist, including printing the marks using a raster of lines in one direction on a background of lines in another direction, or using fine line patterns that alias into a visible moire pattern when copied.

SECOND – EMBOSSED SIGNATURE SEAL

When you affix your signature, use blue or red indelible ink and then emboss your signature with an embossing stamp such as the one illustrated here. Be sure to emboss over part of your signature with the image you have created for your embosser seal.

I found this example at www.thestampmaker.com. It’s a desktop embosser you can customize with your own symbol or art and this gives a crisp, clear seal impression. You can send your artwork or image in one of the following file formats: tif, .pdf or .eps.

This is an example of what the embosser does to paper and the reason why it cannot be counterfeited or forged:

It costs only about $50 or $60 and ships in one business day. Use this seal to affix your custom artwork or symbol over your original signature on the pantagraph paper. If the bank ever tries to foreclose, it will be obvious that unless it has this original document, identified by your security paper and embossed and sealed signature, the bank can never foreclose.

No one can tell you what your signature must look like or how to make your signature, this freedom is what makes your signature legal and binding and worth money. You will be able to us these two practices in every note you ever sign. These two steps will eliminate the bank fraud, forgery and counterfeiting forever, we just have to pass this information around to everyone and encourage everyone to order his own security paper and embosser seal and use it at every chance.

If you can see what I see, we can use these two simple methods to end the note fraud and we don’t even need to write more laws or file lawsuits. Remember that your signature is your private property and it is worth lots of money. You have the right to decide how and when it’s used. This is your responsibility. If we act responsibly using the information in this article, we can eliminate many of the consumer debt and corrupt banking and courtroom practices that we have witnessed in recent years.

THIRD – BLOCKCHAIN

A blockchain is a type of distributed ledger, comprised of unchangeable, digitally recorded data in packages called blocks.

These digitally recorded “blocks” of data is stored in a linear chain. Each block in the chain contains data (e.g. bitcoin transaction), is cryptographically hashed. The blocks of hashed data draw upon the previous-block (which came before it) in the chain, ensuring all data in the overall “blockchain” has not been tampered with and remains unchanged.

A distributed ledger that is a consensus of replicated, shared, and synchronized digital data geographically spread across multiple sites, countries, and/or institutions.

Blockchain applications can allow multiple parties to jointly sign documents, legally binding and replacing the need to having them notarized in such a way that no one can repudiate it’s date, content or signatures.

Documents are encrypted, uploaded and their required signers selected, granting them immediate file access. Participants authenticate themselves, download, decrypt, review and digitally sign the documentation. Finally, when fully signed, documents are notarized.

It’s useful on contracts, company workflows or any paperwork between parties; but it can also be used by oneself to record immutable proofs, like digital works attribution or integrity checks.

I like to think of your “signature” as “the nature of your sign”. It is literally an expression of one’s will. It demonstrates consent, which leads me to the question for you, “When do you ever give unconditional consent to anything?” You don’t, not even in marriage. So why do we affix our signatures to terms and conditions without any terms of our own? Why do we give “blank checks” to the corporations, governments and banks? It’s because no one ever asked these questions or suggested that there was something to question about how we sign agreements or express our consent.

Your consent should have terms. You can endorse a check, such as “without recourse”. This means that when you endorse a check with this endorsement, it then requires your bank to collect against the issuing bank if the check is no good. Today, the banks won’t accept this endorsement. The banks want you to do all the work, even though the bank is making money from your account and you are paying fees.

Do you know who is using your signature once you sign documents with your doctor, or retail business, or government agency? If I told you just a fraction of what is being done with your signature, you would be fighting angry and rightly so. Banks and debt collectors pass around your documents like their playing poker at a casino, with no restrictions and no protections for your privacy or future and new obligations that are routinely created for you, just because one day in the past you expressed your unconditional consent by affixing your signature to a document with terms that a long list of attorneys probably developed over many years and in which you are expected to sign with only a moment’s cursory review. It’s time to act like a responsible adult and begin imposing terms on the use of your signature, restrict the parties who can hold or have access to the terms you sign, impose an expiration date for your signature, impose privacy terms and information management conditions with penalties for any violations. Here is an example of what I call a “Data Retention Policy” that can be ascribed to your signature as an endorsement, you simply include the phrase “with terms” above or before your signature.

http://tinyurl.com/zrfebhd

This is just one example, but I wanted to walk you into this idea because the best way to use it will be when we are using the blockchain to express our agreements that are attached to our signatures on the blockchain, at an address on the Internet, with as much or little privacy as you want.

Imagine a signature with two or three factor authentication. It’s kind of like having two or three signers on a business bank account so that no one signature can authorize the release of funds. Remember, this article is about how your signature is money, you should act like it.

Each time you express your consent with your signature, whether or not your sign your name with the letters in your legal name, or your signature is a phrase or a symbol or a blockchain address, it should be guarded with security and given with conditions and it should have a value placed on it, you should place a value on each signature of yours that you use.

FOURTH – CONSENT

Many times, companies force upon us terms of service that include provisions that only protect the interests of the company.  That is not a problem in itself, you want companies to protect themselves against liability, this is what facilitates them in providing products and services that we want; however, in recent years, these provisions have become so unreasonable that they are harmful to people or their customers.

One of the best examples is the “binding arbitration” clause, where you waive your rights to resolve any disputes in the court system that you pay taxes to use when you have disputes that need a resolution.

Another example includes the so-called “privacy statement”, in which nearly every one that I’ve ever read tells us what privacy we do not have and how the company can violate our privacy without penalty.

Even though these are “adhesion contracts”, meaning, “take it or leave it terms”, unreasonable or unconscionable terms are void unless you fail to object or express your option to exclude them.  In other words, whether or not the contract gives you an option to “opt out” of a provision, you can opt out of a provision that is not reasonable or unfairly prejudices your interests by serving notice upon the company at an appropriate, physical mailing address, such as its registered agent, general counsel, or dispute resolution address, or all of these simultaneously.

Your “opt out” notice will simply include the date it was sent, and express your objection and intention to exclude the particular provision or clause from the agreement.  You are not asking permission, you are simply placing the company on notice as to what terms you are excluding, and you don’t have to explain yourself, sometimes I do, but it’s not necessary.  Be careful about creating conditions where you make a substantial change to the company’s risk, such as interfere with its obligations, you only want to be specific to what reasonably can be changed to protect your interests.  Here is one example, while I usually want to opt out of an arbitration agreement, sometimes I will only change it to agreeing to “non-binding mediation” which is consistent with the intent of the agreement, but still gives me access to my court system if we don’t reach a favorable resolution of the dispute (hopefully we never have a dispute).

When you express your consent, be very careful about the terms to which you are consenting and realize that you do not always have to “take it or leave it”.  These are corporations, “persons” without a conscience, we are people, we have a conscience, we have natural rights, corporations are permitted to exist by people, they are subservient to people, act like it. This is no different than parents acting like parents with their children, or the boss being the boss on the job, or the people who created government in the first place, who then provide indemnification for the business (corporation) to function in our society by providing products and services to the people who created its rights in the first place.

BEAT THE NEW WORLD ORDER WITH BIOGAS, WATER & GARDENS

As many of you probably know by now, one of the most violent times in American history, and the period of time that helped to create the modern day mafia (organized crime), was created because of “Prohibition”, the law against the manufacture and sale of alcohol and fuel. The oil companies, bankers and government were behind prohibition because it was intended to prevent farmers from making their own fuel and alcohol from farm products. Prohibition was instituted as a means to expand and maintain control over our nation’s energy supply, and eventually, facilitate the monopolization of international power with the dollar and oil.

It was an explosive period that led to the expansion of the black market (speakeasies) and bootlegging, which by the way helped the Kennedy family become rich, along with the mafia.

We now have another chance to do the right thing and this time government won’t be able to stop us. The average person, not just farmers, but people who have access to a small piece of land, your typical suburban home (¼ acre), can produce his own fuel, fertilizer, clean water and food, completely outside of the destructive interdependent monopolies we have today.

The power over energy can be decentralized among the people who use it instead of foreign powers and the costs will drop to nearly nothing. The following demonstrates what you can do, either some or all of what is listed here, to regain this power and enrich your own lives.

If you want a turn key solution, you will want to order the “HomeBioGas” digestor from www.homebiogas.com

 

If you want to do it yourself, you can use an “IBC”, an Intermediate Bulk Container and it looks like this:

IBC Biogas System, from Solar Cities, http://solarcities.eu/education/388 has produced a nine minute video that shows you how to make your own: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cwm5Rm8uIsk

Square Foot Garden

Imagine having your own fresh vegetables right in your backyard. Imagine planting fruit trees that produce fruit within 12 – 18 months. Look here to see what fruits and vegetables you can grow in Florida. You can order some seedlings for fruit trees such as the banana, lychee, blueberry, and Carambola that will produce fruit within twelve to eighteen months, and be sure to order non-hybrid, heirloom seeds for what you want to plant from seeds.

Water & Rain Catchment System

Water falls from the sky. Why don’t we collect it? This is money. We can easily add a rain barrel to the gutter systems on our roofs and instead of piping into one or two places in the lawn or garden, add it to your gray water reservoir and use it evenly for your gardens. You can even filter it and pump it back into your home for use in the kitchen and bathroom all over again.

Composting or High Efficiency Toilets

Composting toilets do not require water or plumbing, and high efficiency toilets do, but use far less water than the traditional toilets. I’ve researched this quite well and concluded that Separett and Biolet each have the best composting toilet, the Separett is half of the price of a Biolet, but each is probably worth the cost over the other brands.

Biosand or Reverse Osmosis Filter

You can make your own biosand filter from components at your local hardware store. If you just want something off the shelf, two brands that I really like are Berkey and LifeStaw, you can find those online.

Water can also be treated with ultra violet light, iodine, Adya Clarity (black mica) and tablets, and of course hydrogen peroxide and chlorine. You can only remove chlorine, arsenic and fluoride with a biosand or reverse osmosis filter.

Constructed Wetland

This is used for purifying “gray water” from your home. Gray water includes water from your shower and sink, but not your toilet (black water). You can avoid having black water by simply using a composting toilet. Search youtube for great examples of how to create your own constructed wetland and you will see that the best place for one is in your front yard, it will be a beautiful garden with a variety of flowers and plants that will purify your gray water. You then collect the run-off from the constructed wetland and either use it to water your gardens or pump it through a filtration system (biosand or reverse osmosis) and back into your home for use in the kitchen. Yes, this takes some plumbing and it changes the way we’ve been doing things for years, but remember that it’s your house and you need to decide how to manage your own resources.

Here is an example of a constructed wetland used to treat gray water.

Replace Dryer with Drying Racks/Desiccant and Clothes Line

Imagine the impact it would have on the energy system is just a fraction of people resumed using the same methods we used in the seventies and eighties to dry our clothing, a clothesline. Remember those? And it doesn’t have to be that perpetual awkward looking aluminum square frame in your back yard. Just hang a clothes line dispenser from your house in the back hard and extend the lines to a pole along the fence line only when you want to dry some clothing.

You can also pick up some drying racks that can be affixed to the wall in your laundry room or bathroom, or stand alone in the garage, that will dry your clothing as well, mostly out of site. Add a desiccant such as “Damp-Rid” and collect the water to add to your constructed wetland reservoir. Try not adding to your energy load with a dehumidifier though, unless it’s on solar.

PROTESTING IN THE STREET IS FOR FOOLS

Protesting in the street is for fools. You are only fighting with your own police at public expense and you really don’t accomplish anything, nothing substantial anyway. Evidence of this is that people still protest, why are we still protesting at this time in history? Because it doesn’t solve our problems. What will solve our problems is people doing things, changing their habits, opening their minds and cooperating, regardless of religious and political affiliations.

I realize that many of you will not have the stomach for the following list of strategies for protesting in a way that will actually change our society for the better, and many of you will create excuses or believe it’s impossible to do these things, but I can tell you from first hand experience, doing most of these things myself for 25 years, it is possible and we should do them if we want our society restored to some degree of freedom.

These are peaceful and intelligent (self-serving) methods of protesting. Some of these require more detail and explanation but just know that these things can be done, yes some with a little planning, but you can and should do these if you really want to emancipate yourself from this police state that has developed around us.

These are first level strategies, which implies there are more levels, but I don’t think most people are ready for the first level, so I’m not going to list the second level at this time.

Make a QR Code from the URL above and affix it to adhesive labels and circulate on $1 bills.

Cash out of all bank accounts, all annuities, and life insurance.

Roll over your 401k/IRA into allocated precious metals.

Stop trying to be “politically correct”, say what you mean and speak directly, express yourself.

Use encryption, cover cameras on devices, turn off microphone and video permissions.

Use a virtual private network (VPN) to access the Internet and use “The Onion Router” TOR.

Disconnect Internet when not in use or at night.

Store electronic devices in a Faraday cage at night (copper mesh envelope/box or microwave).

If you call a business and hear a message stating that “…this call may be recorded…”, be sure that the first thing you say when the employee answers is… “I don’t want my voice recorded without the license agreement…” and then continue with the call. Explain to anyone who calls you, any business or attorney that is, that the call may be recorded for security purposes and then record it. Keep the recordings in a computer file labeled appropriately.

Use an alias whenever possible and as much as possible.

When you buy or sell real estate (residential homes), do not transfer the title or get title insurance or homeowners insurance.  Instead, make one final transfer of the title to an LLC and then write a contract for the “buyer” to simply take possession.  Offset insurance needs by other financial planning and upgrading fixtures.

Use Bitcoin or other cryptographic currency, cold storage and multisig wallets will protect you.

Exchange your extra cash for silver and gold and store them in a vault.

Buy a variety of guns and ammunition, get training, and store them safely on your property.

Convert your lawn into gardens and help your neighbors do the same.

Use only heirloom, non-hybrid and of course non-GMO seeds, and practice saving seeds and sharing.

Convert lawn mower into “plasma fuel processor” (Paul Pantone) for battery bank.

Build vegetable gardens and plant fruit trees on your property and in the community.

Build a community green house, or hydroponic garden or aquaponic garden.

Eliminate trash and trash-pick up with compactors, composting and neighborhood recycling for profit.

Cultivate a chicken coop for food, sharing and trading.

Cultivate a small fish farm for food, sharing and trading.

Can your own food for sharing and storing.

Patron your local farm, support the distribution of raw milk.

Make your own soap and candles or buy at wholesale discounts from those who do.

Buy discounted food in large quantities for storage.

Buy paper products and soap at discounted wholesale prices for storage.

Stock medical supplies, e.g. first aid, and traditional antiseptics, e.g. iodine & alcohol.

Stock traditional liquors, to be used for medical, trade or consumption.

Build a water management or catchment system for your house to filter and store water.

Subscribe to and promote real journalism online and activist groups.

Use cash or Bitcoin, do not use consumer credit.

Replace central air conditioning with ductless system and solar heating for water and air.

Replace toilets with composting toilets (Biolet).

Use private, captive insurance for home, property, automobile and health (no insurance co.)

Place “Mason bee” beehives at morning sun-facing locations near your home and community.

Boycott Obamacare and federal benefits.

Get out of your “W-4” type job and become an entrepreneur (or do both while in transition).

Operate your business, whatever it is, in the “Systeme D” economy, (the black market).

Adjust your taxes so that on your next tax return, the IRS will owe you as much as possible, don’t file that return, then stop filing, stop using your SSN, stop getting business and occupational licenses.

Stop using corporations for business, replace with associations and cryptographic currency.

Use corporations and trusts only for holding title to property and removing funds from the bank.

Boycott the census.

Form a community in which you can share these ideas.

Home School your children, but don’t register or qualify with your county, do it on your own.

Boycott vaccines & CDC schedule, at least for the first year after birth.

Don’t disclose name of newborn at hospital to avoid SSN application, within the first year of birth, amend birth certificate with the following name:

NON-NEGOTIABLE TOP SECRET CLASSIFIED INVALID VOID COUNTERFEIT INSTRUMENT NOT VALID IN TRADE OR COMMERCE”

Name your child what you want and record the name in your own private family records.

Use this birth certificate for an International passport, use 000-00-0000 in place of SSN.

Change utility bills, credit and banking into fictitious names with no SSN.

Use a mail box address instead of your home address, and accept mail at your home using an alias.

Replace your home address on your driver license with a different residential or mailbox address.

Register to vote with an address in a county where you do not reside.

Register your car in a fictitious name using the same address where you do not reside.

Vote for honorable and respectable people who have already passed away at each election (write-in).

Don’t use your driver license for identification, except at a traffic stop.

Use an International Driving Permit (IDP) and a United States Passport for identification.

If chosen for jury duty, attend, act like a stupid consumer so you will be chosen for jury duty and then inform everyone about jury nullification and the power of the jury over judicial offices and the court.

Do not register for Selective Service.

Upgrade your car engine to get better gas mileage (www,gadgetmangroove.com).

Reject smart meter on your home and have it replaced with an analog meter.

After you complete a water management system, disconnect from public water works.

Ween yourself off of pharmaceuticals and get in shape, (P90X and Perricone Prescription).

Replace D.O.E. student loans, with peer-to-peer lending and crowd funding for college.

Assemble community scale recycling to produce factory grade HDPE pellets & glass cullet.

Produce and manage your own energy using magnetic generator, battery bank and photovoltaic (PV).

Dry your clothes on a clothesline.

Install a sub-panel that is off-grid and connect heavy load appliances (AC, Range, etc.)

Produce hydrogen gas and methanol from solar for profit.

FUTURE OF MONEY, CORPORATIONS AND THE MACHINES

A friend of mine called me on the morning of the World Trade Center bombing, while it was taking place and told me to turn on the television to see what was happening. I saw the first tower on fire. A few minutes later I watched a second airliner fly into the other tower and explode. I looked at my wife and said “They’re trying to save the Federal Reserve.” Of course she only had a blank stare in response. I explained that this is the beginning of some kind of war in order to perpetuate the Federal Reserve and the dollar. A short while later we heard Bush proclaim that it was a single terrorist who perpetrated this event and that the United States had to attack the country of Iraq because it had “weapons of mass destruction”. I didn’t know just how big the plot was, that is, that it would lead to a long series of wars in the middle east and I didn’t know that the event was also used to destroy evidence and steal gold, but I knew enough.

I had been warning people since the early nineties about the Walmart locations being used to house our military and capture the people into some kind of totalitarian system of slavery. My comments were the brunt of every joke, no one could conceive of such a thing that long ago, and yet today people are shocked to be watching it from many sources on the Internet. Remember, I was saying this before the Internet had browsers to make it more accessible to everyone. Now we have unconstitutional laws and illegal policies such as the Patriot Act, National Defense Authorization Act, the so-called “FISA” court, the Affordable Care Act, and illegal surveillance, immigration, the TSA and the list has been growing since the World Trade Center bombing event.

Everyone laughed when I explained that the war in Afghanistan was for the purpose of securing the poppy fields for the opium and to support our pharmaceutical industry while at the same time, importing illegal opium for the production of heroin. Since then, illegal drug use has increased by orders of magnitude, especially in the northwest. There has been an explosion in the use of opium for new pharmaceuticals.

The reason I explain these things, that I saw much of what was coming twenty years ago, is because I want people to listen this time and even though some of my ideas may seem outrageous, they could save many households, especially if communities will work together. I’m going to make a new prediction, it’s about the future of money, and then I’ll explain how we can save ourselves from what’s coming by how we use money and our ability to produce resources.

This article first introduces some concepts about the future of money and how it will finally be used to serve people instead of as a tool to enslave people. We’ll then explore some possible changes in the rules of court that will allow people to bring corporations back under control of people and to serve peoples’ interests first. And finally, we will discuss the future of robots, robotic systems and artificial intelligence in our society and how people can dramatically benefit from these innovations.

Future of Money (NWO failed)

The so-called “New World Order” plan sought by the so-called “elite” as referred to by some, includes forcing people into a cashless economy, for all the evil intentions you’ve probably heard. What these psychopaths did not expect is the Internet, cryptographic currency and the blockchain, and I’m not talking about the bankers’ version of these, I’m talking about truly open source, encrypted blockchain (distributed ledger) and Bitcoin applications. And if you believe that the Internet and Bitcoin can simply be made illegal, you lack enough information to understand why this is not likely (just like the World Bank’s failed attempt to levy taxes on the rain over Argentina). I’ll explain more later, but just know that a new, user-based Internet is being constructed around the world by its users so that there are no more Internet Service Providers that can be regulated. It’s called the “mesh net” or “IPV 6.0”. This will eliminate government from our Internet, while still allowing government to use the Internet just like everyone else.

But let’s talk money. People produce money with labor. Money is gold and silver and people dig it out of the ground. Governments and corporations only use money. Profit is the productive use of money for the benefit of people who own corporations.

Governments and corporations have been given too many privileges over the use of our money. They have severely abused these privileges and therefore, must be substantially limited in their use going forward.

When a government or corporation issues credit or a money equivalent such as a bond, it does not become money until people work for it. Again, only people produce money and they do it with labor. I know some of you may have arguments in response because you attended some college courses in economics or have traded stock in a stock exchange, but but I’m not trying to be technically correct or comprehensive. My purpose is to publish some ideas to hopefully inform people about how to adopt better practices and save their families.

Stolen Property in Trust

Our immediate concern is that there is much gold and silver being held by governments and corporations. We want our governments to have some gold, but the corporations (with few exceptions) do not need gold in order to serve the interests of people. In fact, I will argue that while corporations may hold gold and silver, none of them are the owners of gold and silver because this is the money of people and it has been acquired by the corporations largely through illegal means, at least over the last century. My argument is that, for the most part, corporations holding precious metals today, such as JPMorgan, are doing so for the purpose of manipulating markets and re-capitalizing themselves after having spent the last century stealing our wealth. The precious metals that have been stolen by these corporations are not rightfully theirs; and therefore, these thieves are merely the trustees of our gold and silver and must manage them in a way that serves people exclusively and not solely for the profits of the corporations or their investors and executives.

Abandon the Dollar

People need to realize that they do not need to hold and use fiat currency any longer because we have technology. We can use cryptographic currency along with precious metals and vault services so that we can have the best of both worlds, the use of precious metals, the security of Bitcoin and, when absolutely necessary, settlements in fiat currencies. This becomes a boycott on fiat and frees people to have privacy and the ability to accumulate wealth without this fiat system of gatekeepers that has been strangling humanity for hundreds if not thousands of years. Saving money using Bitcoin and precious metals actually makes good sense; whereas, the system of fiat we had before this technology made it a bad idea to save money like people did a hundred years ago. Now we can do that again and be rewarded for it and the longer we hold our money this way, the more buying power it will have.

There are Bitcoin wallet services that allow you to store your money in any precious metal, a wide range of foreign currencies, and a range of cryptographic currencies such as Bitcoin and Lite-coin. Some of these are completely anonymous and some are not. Some of these services allow you to store your money in Bitcoin or gold until the moment you buy something at the point of sale. You might have a Bitcoin in your wallet service and when you use this account to buy groceries for example, the purchase is converted into the correct amount of dollars at the moment you spend it. People are quickly discovering that for the first time in known history, they can eliminate the gatekeeper system that had kept us unfairly confined.

We can choose to avoid using the money equivalents of governments and corporations (i.e. bonds and credit). Beginning in 2009, people once again resumed their use of gold and silver, but with more sophistication using technology. People no longer need to hold metal coins for trading when they can now use Bitcoin for the settlement or transactions in gold and silver.

People will stop adding value to the fiat currency equivalents created by governments and corporations. People are quickly discovering that they can replace their use of fiat for cryptographic currency with far more security, and have the use of real money. Couple this with a few more changes to how we’ve been doing things and we’ll see spectacular benefits for people and entrepreneurs.

Bitcoin, and cryptographic currency in general, provides enough security so that we can use money in a more secure way that anyone has ever been able to do throughout history. This subject because quite complex so you’ll have to do your own research and discover the security measures of Bitcoin for yourself. But you will soon wonder why you ever thought a bank was a safe place to keep your money.

Fair Pricing and Lending

First, change the way, at least residential real estate is valued or priced. Stop pricing it based upon what people are currently selling property for in a particular market, such as the “fair market value” or the “comparable” methods that are being used now. The valuation of real estate should be based on today’s current costs of materials, labor and a premium added by the builder. The price of real estate is going to fall for many years to come, and this is the perfect opportunity to get away from using the banking system to finance residential homes.

People may even consider recording the title of a home during the next closing in a corporation and from that point on, sell only possession under an appropriate contract so that the title never changes. People, generally, will need to understand this and be amenable to the reasons for doing it instead of recording the title in the occupant’s name.

The second change I recommend is in consumer lending. An aspect of my second point is consumer lending, so I wanted to explain that I’m including insurance in this category. Replace standard homeowners insurance with steps that limit risk and damage, such as fireproofing, upgrading fixtures and installing your own security and surveillance using the Internet. We can also offset our home insurance needs by using assets to not only pay for our homes (at least in part) but meet the balance of its insurance needs and maintenance costs. Combine this with insurance that covers only specific risks that are too high for the homeowner to accept on his own, such as catastrophic events like wind, earthquake or flood damage, and you have a very affordable plan for risk management.

We can also form captive insurance organizations to serve these purposes and to take it to the next level, communities can work together to form their own private captive insurance organizations to provide homeowners with catastrophic coverage, as well as meet most of the needs of automobile insurance. We might still have a need to “outsource” some of this type of risk to larger companies, but I believe most of our car and home insurance needs can be met using these methods.

When it comes to actual consumer loans, such as those between corporations and people, they must be limited to hard money loans that do not exceed 7 years. The costs of financing should be excluded from the actual money lent. The usual limitations on interest rates should be enforced without exception, no more pay-day type loans with the outrageous interest rates we’ve been seeing in recent years.

We don’t need new laws in order to make these changes, we just need people to demand these types of loan contracts when they make consumer purchases. There are many legal form publishers online that allow anyone to create a loan contract with any terms and we can use these, without an attorney, to create our own loan terms using these criteria. It will require your own self-discipline and planning and you will need to avoid the temptation of going into long-term debts with high interest rates that have become the standard, at least in north America.

Interest rates may be factored into the principal and fees and costs charged for the services provided by the lender, outside of the loan instrument. In other words, if I want to borrow $5,000 for a car, I pay the lender a fee of $150 for the service of lending me the money, and for a $5,000 face value loan, I receive $4,400, for example. Lenders should also be precluded from selling the loan contract, or any part of it. There are more traditional ways to offset this type of risk. We’ve seen what happens when car dealerships for example sell loan contracts before you even drive the car off of the lot. The dealership becomes nothing more than a banking facility instead of a car dealership.

Considering these changes, people need to adopt new methods of obtaining financing with mechanisms involving “crowd funding” and “loan brokering” that are being done with software applications between people and businesses alike.

Distributed Ledger

I believe we will soon discover very many functions of government and corporations can be replaced by applications on the blockchain using its distributed ledger technology. This is nothing different than the trend to replace people with robots and robotic systems in factories, farming and industry.

Existing methods of data management (e.g. collection of taxes, interaction with people), especially of personal data, typically involve large legacy IT systems located within a single institution. To these are added an array of networking and messaging systems to communicate with the outside world, which adds cost and complexity. Highly centralized systems present a high cost single point of failure. They may be vulnerable to an attack via information control systems and the data is often out of sync, out of date or simply inaccurate.

Distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) allow users to modify records in a shared database, i.e. the ledger, without necessarily needing to use a central validation system that imposes its own standards and processes.

The blockchain can improve record keeping in the public sector. Factom has reportedly partnered with the Honduras government on a blockchain program to record land ownership. The program’s goal is to reduce fraud and corruption associated with a government-controlled centralized registry by substituting that system with a transparent, distributed ledger.

Other public sector uses include vehicle registries, digital identities for individuals, voting records and benefits disbursements.

In the energy sector, a South African company integrated bitcoin payments into smart utility meter reading to enable customers to prepay utility bills digitally. This system is especially helpful for “unbanked” customers, and it is easier to administer.

Horizontal blockchain applications apply to numerous industries. Such applications include automated audits, smart contracts and enhanced cyber security.

Smart contracts – agreements that can automatically activate actions based on specific conditions – could reduce administrative costs by “self-enforcing,” such as requiring a driver to be current on lease payments in order to start a leased car.

Blockchain technology can change the role of corporate audits by allowing a third party to verify a distributed network to ensure the transactions are accurate, complete and unalterable.

Cryptographic signing using blockchain can enable immediate detection of data manipulation and verifying IT system integrity, giving blockchain a role in cyber security. Guardtime, a company based in Estonia, has explored such a solution.

I believe this development can replace many of the labor intensive aspects of data management, removing the “middle man” so to speak and that we should embrace these changes. We should not fear replacing people with automated systems because this fear is based on the false premise that more people with more with jobs is better for the economy because of the “velocity of money” proposition. You will soon discover that this is false and used to keep everyone buying into the slave system we’ve experience over the last century.

Smart contracts and the blockchain are also beginning to replace the need for a court system and attorneys in most transactions.

Through a network of smart contracts built on the public Ethereum blockchain, the benefits offered by the New York Convention and other alternative dispute resolution services will be made more available.

Still in its development phase, Andreas Antonopoulos and his co-creator, Pamela Morgan, CEO of Third Key Solutions, intend for the DAMN (Decentralized Arbitration and Mediation Network) to provide users with layers of choices regarding whether a dispute will be resolved by a person, an algorithm, pools of random jurors, pools of experts, through collaboration of the parties involved or even another DAO specially set up for mediation.

Those who opt into the system will also be given a choice if the decision will be made public or not.

Because the legal infrastructure set in place by the New York Convention is enforceable across borders in nations that also include China, the UK, Russia, Iran and Israel, the idea is that smart contracts that are compliant might also be enforceable.

An attorney with a background in commercial arbitration has explained what she viewed as the true power behind the encoding of alternative dispute resolution services into the Ethereum blockchain. According to the non-profit democracy research organization Public Citizen, the cost of initiating arbitration is “almost always higher” than the cost of a dispute resolution within a court controlled lawsuit.

In two examples provided on its website, the fee for a $60,000 claim was $221 compared to an arbitration fee of $10,925, an increase of 4,943%. Further, an $80,000 claim would cost $221, compared to $11,625 at an arbitrator, or a 5,260% difference. This can all be avoided and people can have access to the enforcement of agreements without the costly and cumbersome legacy system of gatekeepers and the courts.

Replacing Pension Funds

Pension funds, at least private ones, have been stolen by the big banks. You will need to create a plan to replace the benefits you expected from your pension fund. The assets of these banks should be held in trust and returned to the pension funds, but corruption may preclude this for some years. In order to compensate, people will need to immediately adopt the use of Bitcoin and precious metals and either acquire one or more cash flow assets or create one or more using the many opportunities we now have.

Factored into this idea is the necessity for people to offset living costs using gardening for food, renewable energy production using their own homes and land instead of buying it from the energy grid, and producing clean water on their own properties. Imagine if everyone were growing vegetables, what would the price of vegetables be at your local grocery store? You probably would not have any being sold that way after most people adopted the practice of having their own gardens. In fact, people would probably freely exchange vegetables for free just to be neighborly.

People will need to buy what supplies they can in discounted bulk, preferably at wholesale prices, and avoid buying processed foods. Instead, buy fifty pound bags of flour, sugar and rice. Buy bars of soap in loaves or blocks and cut it yourself. Plan on food and supply storage in terms of 90 days to periods of one or several years. The same is true for cleaning supplies, fabric, clothing, first aid and medical supplies such as antiseptics. Antibiotics will still require a physician or special storage facility with special knowledge on how to administer them and when. There is nothing wrong with having rely on a physician for things like this, only once in a while. The same is true for emergency supplies of blood, but we don’t need to see a doctor for every little incident.

People can produce eighty percent of their own food by gardening, composting and canning. We can generate most of our own energy by first reducing our consumption of energy while still living very comfortably, but we don’t need to spend hundreds of dollars a month for our energy needs.

Additionally, we don’t need to give away the recyclable materials (glass, plastic, paper and metals) each week for free so that they can be used to make enormous profits for a few people that run the waste management systems. These materials are money, we pay services to take them away when we already have the technology to partially process these materials on a community level so that these resources directly benefit people and not a few corporate assets for the 1/10 of 1 percent.

People will need to work together and collect their own waste for the purpose of selling partially recycled materials including plastic (e.g. beads), glass (e.g cullet), metals and paper back into the manufacturing supply stream.

The “velocity of money” is propaganda and a lie. We have been “taught” for years by the media that a healthy economy is indicated by higher velocities of money, in other words, the more that consumers spend, the better the economy becomes. The truth is that more consumer spending simply allows the people at the top to make more money while the majority of people buy more liabilities so that the people in the top 1/10 of 1 percent enjoy increases in the value of their assets that facilitate this consumer spending. We don’t need a higher velocity of money to have a healthy economy. Economies are local, they serve people.

People do have a need to buy consumer products, such as electronics, entertainment, appliances, cars, furniture, food, medical care, etc.; however, we don’t need to buy these things at the volumes and levels promoted by the propaganda given everyday, and we certainly don’t need to do it using credit.

These seem like drastic measures, but are well within about abilities and without unreasonable costs. We can and will adopt these changes and this is why the so-called “new world order” has failed.

Corporations Under Control

Corporations do not and can never have the same rights as people as corporations are creates of statute and derive their existences from statutes. Corporations have no conscience and must therefore be regulated. People do not derive any rights from statutes and are the creators of statutes, not the subjects.

It has become clear now that corporations, not all of them, but a list of them, have been used to exploit people and monopolize the resources that are rightfully and naturally those of people and not corporations. These corporations have engineered a legal system that protects them against real claims to correct and recover from damages they cause. The people need access to a forum within our existing legal structure that allows them to reasonably force corporations to be operated in a way that not only serves shareholders, but the people who are directly impacted by what corporations do in our economy.

In each state, there is a supreme court that set the rules of how the courts can be used by anyone making a claim. These rules, known as the rules of civil procedure, set forth an adversarial forum in nearly every situation. I’m proposing that we need a forum, using our existing rules and statutes, that gives the court jurisdiction to solve consumer abuse situations where government agencies have failed and previous lawsuits have not given real solutions to the same problems.

Corporations must serve people and to the extent they actually injure people, they need to be changed or dissolved. We can have our supreme courts add a new set of pleading requirements for the protection of consumers that would allow people (consumers) to use the power of the court to fix this system which has grown to exploit people. We don’t need new regulations or a top down approach, that has shown to only keep new businesses out of the marketplace. Instead, we need to give the power of regulation back to the people using the system we already have in place.

We need a set of pleading requirements that creates a forum for judicial review that is not adversarial. It must have bonding requirements for the petitioner so that the chance of frivolous or destructive petitions is limited. An example pleading may require that a bond-fide list of adversely affected people be identified and that a substantial but reasonable bond be required before the court will hear the petition.

The court would function much like an involuntary receivership, where the judge or a panel of judges may appoint a special master or trustee to conduct an audit or other investigation of the corporation’s activities. The “subject corporation” would not be permitted to appear or defend itself as this would not be an adversarial proceeding, but more of a remedial proceeding to correct problems being caused by the corporation.

Today we have a problem with foreign corporations using the state courts to take property from people and many of these have not been domesticated and do not have adequate bonding. The states are thereby deprived of a substantial amount of revenue from this use of our court system. As aspect of the judicial review must include registration and bonding requirements that have not been met by businesses engaged in activities within the state. This must also include equal treatment for federal agencies, all of them.

Agencies like the IRS, EPA, DEA or DOE would not be permitted to operate without first meeting the domestication and bonding requirements of the state, thereby making these agencies subject to judicial review and correction within this forum. The same would be true of corporations operating as monopolies in a market that is depriving people of the benefits of fair market competition.

This judicial forum would be able to alleviate obstacles that are currently precluding companies from competing with those that currently have a monopoly stranglehold in a market.

Robots and Artificial Intelligence

Yes, it’s likely that robots, robotic systems and advance software, soon to become known as artificial intelligence, will replace people in many professions and occupations People are afraid of this because the perception is that there will be less jobs and a greater surplus of labor and downward pressure on wages and benefits. I would agree with this premise; however, it’s not something to fear once you realize that we’ve been incorrectly taught to believe that the economy needs people working at jobs to make everyone prosper.

The reality is that this propaganda has been published for the last century for the sole purpose of making the top 1/10 of 1% richer and the rest of us poorer. We must acknowledge that there are many more millionaires thanks to this system, but as we can see by current events, we are headed for a catastrophic, worldwide economic collapse. It’s doesn’t have to be so difficult, we just need to be reasonable and look at the truth.

I know this is a limited view from having lived in suburban north America my entire life, but most of what people buy in the economy can be provided on roughly ¼ acre of land. We can grow about 80% of our own food, provide more than 100% of our own water and sewage needs and more than 100% of our own energy needs, including fuel for the car. Additionally, we can put our children through school, including college and post-graduate, for a few hundred dollars a year in today’s money by simply re-organizing those resources using technology. I will explain more about this in a future article.

If this were currently the way we lived, what would be the individual’s need for money? Would it be about half of what is was, how about a fourth? I think it would be about a fourth. And I think that fourth could be further reduced by selling surpluses of food, water and energy. This is just the basic idea, the beginning. A quarter acre of land can nearly eliminate most people’s needs for money, because having your own food, water, shelter and energy, is money.

Let’s revisit this matter of robots taking our jobs. Maybe it’s a little less frightening after considering the foregoing possibilities? Now imagine instead of showing up for work each day, you built a robot or artificially intelligent software program or a combination of the two, to replace you at work. But because you built this technology, you simply lease it back to your company to fill your spot. So instead of earning so much money per hour, minus taxes, you earn income from a contract with the company which is using your technology. Okay, I know this is not practical. I couldn’t build my own robot or AI platform, but I know that if one existed, I could invest in the technology along with hundreds of other people.

In fact, we need to reconsider our entire participation in this economy. We need to look at the new technology that will replace people as a means to expand our investment opportunities. We need to own the robots, own the robotic systems and components, artificial intelligence (AI), intellectual property rights related to robots and AI, own the lease agreements, the contracts with companies that use these robots, service and maintenance agreements and insurance contracts and companies. We need to own every aspect of the industry where robots and IA replace people. But I haven’t forgotten about the most important element, energy.

Remember that I was just explaining that we can and should produce our own energy on our own private property? Well, there will easily be a surplus which should be sold back to the grid. In fact, we should sell so much power back to the grid that we will have little need for utility scale energy production. In fact, we will finally realize that the systemic risks are too great to continue producing energy this way, and that individuals should be producing energy. This is the same source of energy that the robotic and AI systems will be using, once we control the energy, we control everything, people will then recover the political power that was stolen from them in the last century.

BITCOIN FOR THE ENTREPRENEUR

One of the most important and recent innovations that millionaires will consider using for investment and entrepreneurial ventures is without question, Bitcoin. You’ve probably heard many explanations of what “Bitcoin” is, and I’m sure it’s all of those things and more; but I wanted to add some commentary from the perspective of entrepreneurs to the conversation. Specifically, Bitcoin and the blockchain technology are the latest and quickly becoming the most powerful tools of the social entrepreneur. More specifically, the social entrepreneur working in System D, the ten trillion dollar black market, global economy. If this is the first time you’ve heard of it, you should know it has become the worlds fastest growing economy, without Bitcoin.

System D or l’economie de la débrouillardise is about getting things done, providing products and services to customers while avoiding unfair and monopolistic regulations and taxes. I felt it was important to include this mention of System D to demonstrate just how significant cryptographic currency and blockchain technology are, and will become.

In 2009, the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) concluded that half the world’s workers (almost 1.8 billion people) were employed in the shadow economy. By 2020, the OECD predicts the shadow economy will employ two-thirds of the world’s workers. This new economy even has a name: “System D.” System D is a slang phrase pirated from French-speaking Africa and the Caribbean. The French have a word that they often use to describe particularly effective and motivated people. They call them débrouillards. To say a man is a débrouillard is to tell people how resourceful and ingenious he is. The former French colonies have sculpted this word to their own social and economic reality. They say that inventive, self-starting, entrepreneurial merchants who are doing business on their own, without registering or being regulated by the bureaucracy and, for the most part, without paying taxes, are part of “l’economie de la débrouillardise.” Or, sweetened for street use, “Systeme D.” This essentially translates as the ingenuity economy, the economy of improvisation and self-reliance, the do-it-yourself, or DIY, economy.” – Freakomonics.com

It is my opinion that those of us interested in renewable energy, sustainable architecture and humanitarian projects will need to understand all of the aspects of Bitcoin, cryptographic currency and blockchain technology.

Bitcoin is one application within an Internet or network based mathematical protocol known as the blockchain. The important features of Bitcoin have their origins in the early nineteen-eighties and cryptography. Before the advent of blockchain technology within the Internet, a “blockchain” was a mechanical system used for heavy lifting, much like the pulley or hydraulics. The blockchain has become a metaphor to describe the “heavy lifting” that it is used for today as a network based mathematical protocol.

The application that we’ve come to know as “Bitcoin” has recently been defined in different countries as currency, a commodity, and an asset, and these countries will continue trying to define Bitcoin and cryptographic currency for many years to come. The interest that nations have with cryptographic currency is most likely in taxation and third party regulation, the core structure of government itself.

When I use the term Bitcoin in this writing, you can apply my explanation to nearly any cryptographic currency. I like to use the word “currency”, but remember, Bitcoin may also be correctly defined in many other ways, such as a “network protocol for the settlement of payments”. Bitcoin is an “open ledger” and its source code is “open source”, meaning that the program that runs Bitcoin can be reviewed by anyone and it can be downloaded and modified to create a new species of cryptographic currency or even a new application for the blockchain itself. Likewise, it is possible to review every single transaction since it was first launched on January 3, 2009. That’s correct, no transaction in Bitcoin is private or secret, every transaction is logged permanently into the blockchain database; however, it is possible to sever your identity from any transaction using the correct encryption techniques.

One exciting prospect I wanted to comment on now is the possibility of requiring your local or national government to use Bitcoin or some version of it. A simple computer application could generate a daily audit showing exactly who is spending what money and paying whom, and with nearly zero cost. It could be made a matter of law that this audit is available on a website every day. The history of transactions could never be altered, ever. Furthermore, anyone using cryptographic currency in the commission of a crime could be investigated by the same police strategies that are used today, with a little consulting about blockchain technology in the early days of course.

You have probably heard that Bitcoin was created by one or more individuals, probably hackers, under the alias “Satoshi Nakamoto”. You can learn more about this history at www.bitcoin.org and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitcoin_network. It’s an interesting history but let’s discuss more about the terminology and common uses for Bitcoin today and in the near future.

You will want to follow several of the experts who regularly publish interviews and videos about Bitcoin and its latest news. Two of these individuals are Andreas Antonopoulous and Max Keiser. My Youtube channel has a Bitcoin playlist with many of the best videos on the subject and you can find it via youtube.com under “singleton press”. There are many categories or subjects involving Bitcoin so I decided to simply organize this information with a list of each and then an explanation with references I felt were important. Let’s begin with an understanding of the Bitcoin structure or format as it’s used for money.

Bitcoins began being produced or “mined” in January of 2009. At that time nearly anyone could allow the network to borrow processing time on a computer and at some point, the computer would reward the user for this with Bitcoin money. The production of Bitcoin s has been very intelligently calculated to mimic the mining rate of gold. Its protocol is limited to producing only 21,000,000 Bitcoin s. As of the year 2014, half of those Bitcoin s were already produced; however, it will take another 95 years to produce the last whole Bitcoin, and another 40 years to produce the last fraction of a Bitcoin, known as a “Satoshi”. The last Bitcoin, or fraction of a Bitcoin (Satoshi) will be produced in the year 2140.

A Satoshi is 0.00000001 or one hundred-millionth of a Bitcoin. Instead of one hundred parts to a unit of currency such as for most fiat currencies, Bitcoin has one hundred million fractions for each unit. This makes is possible to ultimately have 2.1 quintillion units of Bitcoin currency. A “thousandth” of a Bitcoin (.001) is known by the notation mBTC, or a “millibitcoin”; and a “millionth” of a Bitcoin (.000001) is known by the notation μBTC, or a “microbitcoin”. It’s my prediction that these terms will be the most commonly used for Bitcoin s in the coming years simply because I believe that we’ll see Bitcoin s being sold for tens of thousands of dollars. At some point, possibly in the next twenty years, I’m predicting that no one will care how many dollars a Bitcoin costs because nearly no one will be using dollars for anything, or should I say anything important.

Please also see https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Units.

Bitcoin is not recognized by the ISO and therefore does not have an official ISO 4217 code. A currency code is generally built from the two-digit ISO 3316 country code and a third letter for the currency. Although “BTC” is often used in the Bitcoin community, BT is the country code of Bhutan. An X-code reflects currencies that are used internationally and so, XE has chosen to use XBT to represent Bitcoin.

The various Bitcoin exchanges you will discover provide you with rates of exchange from the Bitcoin to other currency and many are beginning to include rates from Bitcoin to precious metals. The website www.preev.com is one such free service, but it’s not an exchange. You’ll want to use “XAU” as the code for gold and “XAG” for silver since these may not be in the drop-down box.

Bitcoin Mining – ASIC and Authentication

Let’s go back to the mention of how Bitcoins come into existence, through Bitcoin “mining”.

Mining is the process of adding transaction records to Bitcoin ‘s public ledger of past transactions. This ledger of past transactions is called the block chain as it is a chain of blocks. The block chain serves to confirm transactions to the rest of the network as having taken place.

Developers use computer clusters to solve complex mathematical equations and verify transactions, thereby earning, or “mining,” Bitcoin .

The act of generating new Bitcoins and of tracking Bitcoin transactions go hand in hand, and both are accomplished through a process known as “mining”. This is where it starts to get a little complicated.

Basically, mining occurs when a computer or a network of computers runs Bitcoin software. That software creates new entries in Bitcoin ’s public record of transactions, called block chains. The math is complicated and hard to forge, so the block chain stays accurate. Because anyone can download and install the Bitcoin software for free, the payment processing and record-keeping for Bitcoin is done in a widely distributed way, rather than on one particular server.

When block chains are created, so are new Bitcoins — but there’s a hard limit to how many will ever exist. The system was designed to create more Bitcoin s at first, then to dwindle exponentially over time. The first set of block chains each created 50 Bitcoins. The next set each created 25 Bitcoins, and so on. New block chains are created roughly every 10 minutes no matter what; when more computers are actively mining, the program they’re running gets harder (and therefore slower) to compensate.

Ironically, Bitcoin s don’t exist anywhere, even on a hard drive. We talk about someone having Bitcoin s, but when you look at a particular Bitcoin address, there are no digital Bitcoin s held in it, in the same way that you might hold pounds or dollars in a bank account. You cannot point to a physical object, or even a digital file, and say “this is a Bitcoin ”.

Instead, there are only records of transactions between different addresses, with balances that increase and decrease. Every transaction that ever took place is stored in a vast public ledger called the block chain. If you want to work out the balance of any Bitcoin address, the information isn’t held at that address; you must reconstruct it by looking at the block chain.

What does a transaction look like? If a person sends some Bitcoin s to another person, that transaction will have three pieces of information: An input. This is a record of which Bitcoin address was used to send the Bitcoin s to the first person in the first place (maybe he received them from his friend a week ago). An amount. This is the amount of Bitcoin s that the first person is sending to the second. An output. This is the recipient’s Bitcoin address.

You need two things to send Bitcoins: a Bitcoin address and a private key. A Bitcoin address isn’t like a bank account; you don’t need mountains of paperwork and identification to set one up. In fact, they are generated randomly, and are simply sequences of letters and numbers. The private key is another sequence of letters and numbers, but unlike your Bitcoin address, this is kept secret.

Think of your Bitcoin address as a safe deposit box with a glass front. Everyone knows what is in it, but only the private key can unlock it to take things out or put things in.

When the sender wants to send Bitcoin s to the recipient, he uses her private key to sign a message with the input (the source transaction(s) of the coins), amount, and output (recipient’s address).

He then sends them from his Bitcoin wallet out to the Bitcoin network. Bitcoin miners then verify the transaction, putting it into a transaction block and eventually solving it.

Please also review http://www.bitcoinmining.com/getting-started/

Bitcoin Exchanges

Even though Bitcoin does not need a third party or a counter party to be involved in transactions (like your bank), they provide much needed services, especially for the Bitcoin user. It’s likely that the more sophisticated Bitcoin users never use exchanges or counter parties, but instead, use Bitcoin in its truest form, peer to peer, or payor to payee.

You can use Bitcoin s for all sorts of real transactions. To do so, you first buy Bitcoin s however you like, either through your credit card, a bank account or even anonymously with cash. Then your Bitcoin s are transferred directly into your Bitcoin account, and you can send and receive payments directly to a buyer or seller without the need for a typical go-between, such as a bank or credit card company.

By skipping the middle man in the transaction, you pay far less in associated fees. Each party in the deal can also maintain a much higher level of anonymity, which has both pros and cons for everyone involved. Think of Bitcoin s as a digital equivalent of a cash transaction. If you’re so inclined, it’s a nearly untraceable way to do business.

Spending or receiving Bitcoin s is as easy as sending an e-mail, and you can use your computer or your smartphone. That simplicity belies the fact that there’s a whole lot of complicated math protecting all of these transactions to maintain their legitimacy and security.

Two of the more popular Bitcoin exchanges are www.coinbase.com and www.blockchain.info. Either of these are recommended when you first get started; however, when you choose other exchanges, if you do, a good decision would involve considering how much investment capital the exchange has raised and it’s customer satisfaction history. It is probably a safe bet that those exchanges that have raised the most investment capital and have had little or no derogatory press would be preferred. I’m sorry to exclude the smaller, but possibly perfectly legitimate exchanges, but many of us are beginners. And maybe this goes without saying but don’t put your entire life savings or net worth into one wallet, especially with a third party exchange. You might even consider using your Bitcoin to buy gold from services such as www.bullionstar.com.

Constructing a Bitcoin exchange involves using the right software and then complying with the rules of the jurisdiction in which the transactions are completed, that is, where your server is located. It makes sense to use the available open source software to build your own Bitcoin exchange that you can use for your own private group of friends and family. This will allow you to transfer your fiat currency into Bitcoin fairly easily, and own the entire process. One such company is just getting started, http://www.bex.io/.

Micro Payments and Marketing

The rise of Bitcoin , the digital cryptocurrency, has resurrected the hope of facilitating easy micro-payments for content online. “Using Bitcoin micro-payments to allow for payment of a penny or a few cents to read articles on websites enables reasonable compensation of authors without depending totally on the advertising model,” writes Sandy Ressler in Bitcoin Magazine.

This could lead to a whole new era of creativity, just like the economy that was launched 400 years ago by the Statute of Anne, which gave people who wrote books, plays or songs the right to make a royalty when they were copied. An easy micro-payment system would permit today’s content creators, from major media companies to basement bloggers, to be able to sell digital copies of their articles, songs, games, and art by the piece. In addition to allowing them to pay the rent, it would have the worthy benefit of encouraging people to produce content valued by users rather than merely seek to draw more web traffic.

Quoting Walter Isaacson, “The key to attracting online revenue, I think, is to come up with an iTunes-easy method of micropayment,” He wrote. “We need something like digital coins or an E-ZPass digital wallet–a one-click system with a really simple interface that will permit impulse purchases of a newspaper, magazine, article, blog or video for a penny, nickel, dime or whatever the creator chooses to charge.” – TIME, February 16, 2009

That was not technically feasible back then. But Bitcoin has now spawned services such as ChangeTip, BitWall, BitPay and Coinbase that enable small payments to be made simply, with minimal mental friction or transaction costs. Unlike clunky PayPal, impulse purchases can be made without a pause or leaving a trace.

Crowd Funding

Crowdfunding is a funding method where common people like you and me, “the crowd” fund your personal or business project with their own money. There’s a term that we commonly use to describe this money-giving action; it’s called a donation.

The main difference between crowdfunding and donation is that crowdfunding is tied to the American JOBS act that allows online sales of small stock to a huge pool of investors, although the act has not been passed yet. Nonetheless, you could still embrace the crowdfunding method to raise your project funds, as long as you don’t sell any kind of stock.

Different crowdfunding site could have different a purpose or approach, but overall the concept is simple – you post your project to a large group of site users, or “potential investors”, and they will fund your project with money if they are interested in the project. you can start a crowdfunding exercise for free as you will only be charged when your project has raised some funds or the full amount. There’s nothing to lose and this is great for publicity.

You will want to search for the top ten crowd funding services and each will better explain the possibilities and how it work with you to launch the project.

Blockchain – Smart Contracts, Public Records

Imagine a world where specific performance of contracts is no longer a cause of action because the contracts themselves automatically execute the agreement of the parties. Or where escrow agents are replaced by rule- and software-driven technology. Imagine instantaneous recording of property records, easements and deeds. Imagine a world where an auto owner who is late on his payment will be locked out of his car. While these scenarios may seem to come from a futuristic fantasy world, innovations offered by the Bitcoin 2.0 generation of technology may create a world where these seeming marvels are an every-day occurrence, and technology renders some contract causes of action obsolete.

Bitcoin and other virtual currencies are powered by blockchain technology, which maintains and verifies all transactions in that virtual currency through a massive, publicly available ledger. The transparency created by the blockchain eliminates the need for trusted third parties, like credit card processors or banks, to take part in these transactions. Because anyone can see the transactions, virtual currency cannot be transferred to more than one party, or “double spent,” which is a key feature that preserves the integrity of the blockchain system. This same blockchain technology can be purposed to facilitate, verify and enforce the terms of agreements automatically without the need for human interaction using what are termed “smart contracts.”

The blockchain, of course, cannot physically enforce a contract, or actually compel a person or entity to do anything. Instead, the blockchain can be used to enforce certain provisions of an agreement that can move an asset from person to person by agreement. Ownership of goods could be associated with a specialized coin, which can be transferred between parties along with payment in a virtual currency system, or in a specialized implementation of blockchain technology.

Examining a simple real estate transaction can demonstrate how smart contracts could drastically alter the way business is conducted. Presently, Party A and Party B would enter into a contract that requires Party A to pay $200,000.00 to Party B in exchange for Party B agreeing to convey title to Party B’s condominium unit to Party A upon receipt of payment. If Party A pays the money, but Party B later refuses to convey title, Party A is required to hire an attorney to seek specific performance of that contract, or to obtain damages. The determination of the outcome will be made by a third party- a judge, jury, or arbitrator. – Andrew Hinkes, insidecounsel.com

Escrow

For some transactions, the possibility of generating “chargebacks” might be very useful. For example, when trust cannot be established between both parties. In such cases, a trusted third party may be very helpful. The fact that Bitcoin transactions for example cannot be reversed by the payor could be an inconvenience or a reason not to use Bitcoin. This problem is alleviated by the use of escrow services that guarantee the terms of the transaction are fulfilled before it’s complete.

You may want to review http://btcrow.com/ and https://bitescrow.org/.

Mixing/Laundry Services

A Bitcoin Laundry or Mixing Service is a service that accepts BTC payments, and returns the same BTC amount, only from coins that are unassociated to the original BTC. It is a privacy service that works well if it has massive usage. It’s my opinion that complete privacy and anonymity are inevitable no matter what regulations are adopted, this concept of “mixing” and “laundering” perfectly legal transactions is just one example.

Jon Matonis had this to say:

As the cryptocurrency arms race escalates beyond identity verification at exchange endpoints, mixing services for Bitcoin may emerge as the next frontier in the battle for financial privacy.

If Bitcoin exchange regulation becomes so effective that exchange operators are required to link specific Bitcoin addresses to individual customers, then users may have few remaining choices should they want to maintain transactional privacy. Call it the law of unintended consequences for overarching Bitcoin exchange regulation.

Two facets of the growing political debate on anonymizing services are the traditional centralized Bitcoin mixers and the newer decentralized Bitcoin mixers that require a modification to the Bitcoin protocol.

With traditional Bitcoin mixers, the process could become highly-charged politically and the regulatory status of mixing services called into question. Reliable legal jurisdictions for operating Bitcoin mixing services would therefore gain prominence since it reasonably could be viewed as a protected free speech issue. Potentially, Iceland could serve as a Bitcoin mixing haven.

The emergence of services that mingle Bitcoin for the purpose of returning Bitcoin not associated with the original input address has had a somewhat spotty history. Also called Bitcoin laundries, these web-based services charge Bitcoin holders a nominal fee to receive different Bitcoin s than the ones initially transferred. The sites never handle national currencies like the dollar or euro so technically they are not exchanges. Also, the administrator of the service has to be trusted to delete any archival logs and not to run off with the coins.

The largest such service operating today is the Blockchain.info mixing service which has a maximum transaction size of 250 Bitcoin s and a 0.5% transaction fee. Transaction logs are removed after eight hours and customers can use the taint analysis tool to verify that coins were properly mixed. Other services include BitLaundry and The Bitcoin Laundry operated by Mike Gogulski.

Advances on the decentralized mixer front were highlighted in Olivier Coutu’s largely theoretical presentation at the Bitcoin Conference in San Jose. Although it resolves the trusted intermediary vulnerability, the political debate with decentralized mixers revolves around convincing Bitcoin core developers that it is essential functionality or creating a different Bitcoin client altogether. Either development approach would subsequently require majority support from the Bitcoin mining community.

Zerocoin from Johns Hopkins University is a method whereby the trusted intermediary for mixing can be eliminated. The software is already written and soon to be released as open source code. However, it requires modifications to the core Bitcoin protocol and adoption by the majority of Bitcoin miners. With the current political climate tilting towards full disclosure for Bitcoin transactions, at least at the exchange level, it is unlikely that Bitcoin core developers would elevate Bitcoin privacy to an “all-hands-on-deck” emergency priority. Yes, open source projects are comprised of political animals as well.

According to Johns Hopkins University cryptography professor Matthew Green, Zerocoin researchers are examining voluntary compliance options that reduce but don’t eliminate your transaction privacy, such as accountability limits on dollar amounts of anonymous transactions. This type of alternate approach to Zerocoin adoption would be possible without support of the Bitcoin client software. However, not integrating Zerocoin into the Bitcoin protocol would require third-party services to act as issuers of its anonymizing tokens with trust problems similar to the centralized laundry services.

Also, in-person exchange LocalBitcoins.com could act as a pure person-to-person mixing service for Bitcoin users that meet in designated places like cafés. Personal mixing has the additional benefit of introducing plausible deniability into the entire Bitcoin ecosystem because the coins cease becoming provably yours at that point. After seeing the LocalBitcoins selling-for-cash section in the U.S., Carol Van Cleef, a partner in Patton Boggs’ banking practice and adviser on anti-money laundering policies, ominously warned, “You better get yourself registered, or you better get your name off the list real fast.”

Vitalik Buterin of Bitcoin Magazine argues that Bitcoin is not losing its soul through regulation and that the core principles of the Bitcoin protocol, such as user-defined anonymity and user-defined transactional privacy, remain intact due to optional mixing services. This is a critical point because, when it comes to Bitcoin oversight, regulators and law enforcement must comprehend that which can be constrained versus that which cannot be constrained.

Otherwise, legislators and government officials risk inadvertently steering Bitcoin advancements in the direction of even more liberating decentralized architectures. Remember, it was the forceful and horrific crackdown on casual file sharers that provided the impetus for the remarkable BitTorrent technology.

One can only defer the Bitcoin privacy issue for so long. At some point, Bitcoin core developers, mining operators, lobbyists, and industry thought leaders have to take a principled position and decide on what side of history they wish to stand.

QR Codes

To understand paper wallets and storage methods of Bitcoin , you will need to become familiar with QR Codes. Think of the UPC (Universal Product Code) on grocery packaging.

A “QR Code” (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is a machine-readable code consisting of an array of black and white squares, typically used for storing URLs or other information for reading by the camera on a smartphone. The following QR Code contains this entire paragraph:

You can download a free QR scanner such as “QR Reader” to your iPhone and scan this image and it will regenerate the paragraph you just read into text. Your Bitcoin key can be used to generate a QR Code. You have two keys per wallet, one is the “public key” that everyone can see and one is the “private key” that only you can see. You receive money or Bitcoin by providing other people with your public key, or the QR Code for your public key.

I generated this QR Code via http://goqr.me/, but you will find probably hundreds of free services like this on the Internet with a standard keyword search.

Cold Storage, Paper Wallets and Vaults

Cold storage involves keeping a reserve of Bitcoin s offline, using a method that makes retrieving coins from storage significantly more difficult than sending them there. This could be done for security such as to prevent theft or robbery.

Because Bitcoin s can be sent to a wallet by anyone knowing the wallet address, it is trivial to put a wallet in cold storage while also keeping a copy of the addresses needed to send funds to it.

A simple example of cold storage is opening a safe deposit box and putting a USB stick containing an encrypted wallet file in it. The public (sending) addresses can be used any time to send additional Bitcoin s to the wallet, but spending the Bitcoin s would require physical access to the box (in addition to knowledge of the encryption password).

Cold storage would typically be used for holding large amounts of Bitcoin s, or for a trustee holding Bitcoin s for beneficiaries. In such a case, additional precautions should be taken beyond a simple example of a single safe deposit box.

The box could be accessed by bank or maintenance personnel, so the contents of the box alone should not be sufficient to access the wallet.

The box could be stolen or destroyed in a disaster, or the media could become unreadable, so the box should not contain the only copy of the wallet.

The trustee could die or become incapacitated. If access to the wallet or knowledge of its location is lost, or encryption passwords are lost, the Bitcoin s are gone forever. Provisions should be made so that the box can be accessed by someone else as appropriate, including any encryption passwords.

You can use simple methods that do not involve more electronic technology, such as paper wallets. While you don’t need any special software for paper wallets, there are some very inexpensive kits you can buy for just a few dollars online that make printed wallets look very professional and provide a bit more security using bond paper and certain types of printer toner.

Please see https://bitcoinpaperwallet.com/

Here are examples of the most popular electronic vault storage devices.

The Trezor, no matter how unprotected your computer or internet connection might be, your coins always stay safe with TREZOR as it never exposes your private keys. TREZOR is an isolated environment for offline transaction signing and using a small display you can visually verify the transaction contents. That’s why all operations using TREZOR are entirely safe.

TREZOR is Windows, OS X and Linux friendly. All you need to do is to connect your TREZOR to the computer and follow the instructions. There are only two buttons, to confirm or to deny the action, so using TREZOR is as easy and as intuitive as it can be. Users can backup the whole TREZOR contents on a small piece of paper and use this backup to regain access to all their coins in case of disaster, loss or theft.

The TREZOR website is https://www.bitcointrezor.com/ and it retails for $119.

And then BitStash, Secure wallet for spending on the go. Set a maximum amount to keep on mobile, and the wallet will automatically re-balance, topping back up when in range of BitStash™ Securely receive funds into home and cold storage wallets.

Ultra secure hardware wallet for large balances. Use it for Trading, Online Shopping, Bill Paying, etc. Accessible from authenticated mobile, laptops & desktops when in range of BitStash™.

True cold storage on a LUKS encrypted-USB drive. Immune from BadUSB malware. Safely store in a secure location. Can spend only when plugged into BitStash™. Also holds a fully-recoverable backup of all wallets. It’s website is https://www.bitstash.com/ and it retails for $199.

And the latest innovation is the “Case” from Cryptolabs.

When wallets moved to the cloud, security improved thanks to the use of dedicated servers with regular backups and improved features like two-factor authentication. However, using a secure cloud wallet to send Bitcoin involves a time-consuming process that makes the crypto-currency much more difficult to use than a credit card or other payment option. Shapiro says the pursuit of security has created complexity and led to an extremely cumbersome experience, destroying any incentive for the average user to adopt Bitcoin.

The device is equipped with a fingerprint scanner and a camera to ensure access, keys to access wallets are embedded in a device, located on a specific server and stored in cold storage (access to each key is secured by different layers of authentication).

Because the device is GSM-enabled, the wallet can be used in over 60 countries, and since it can fit in your pocket, Shapiro argues that it may be the first Bitcoin wallet to replace your actual wallet.

The device retails for around $200, with a high sticker price that Shapiro justifies by pointing to all of the hardware on the device. It’ll be available for pre-sale in December and is headed out for its first small-batch manufacturing run in the next two weeks. Once the devices are certified, CryptoLabs will open them up for sale. A news website detailing this device is https://hashtalk.org/topic/18851/cryptolabs-launches-secure-bitcoin-hardware-wallet

Most Popular Cryptographic Currencies

Once you get into reading this, you may ask yourself if it’s possible to create your own currency. You may eventually realize that it’s just software and that you most certainly can create your own branded currency, for your business, for your family or in your own name. Measures in dollars, Bitcoin has by far the largest market capitalization at nearly $5,000,000,000.

Ripple

Ripple has nearly $200,000,000 worth of it’s currency in circulation.

Litecoin

Litecoin (LTC ) is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and open source software project released under the MIT/X11 license. [ 2] Inspired by and technically nearly identical to Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin creation and transfer is based on an open source protocol and is not managed by any central authority. Litecoin has just over $120,000,000 worth of its currency in circulation.

Coloredcoin

This is a little different than just currency. Coloredcoin is a means of managing assets. Yes Colored coins might represent an alternate cryptocurrency if you consider where they get their value, where they come from, and who backs a colored coin. The rules for generating a colored coin can vary, how you track them can vary, and the value of a colored coin are independent of Bitcoin itself. For example, a particular colored coin might be inflationary, allowing the issuer to create ever more colored coin as they choose. So most of the aspects of Bitcoin could be overridden by a colored coin.

No The argument against colored coins as an alternate cryptocurrency is that they simply use Bitcoin represent other assets. Colored coins can represent all sorts of assets, and colored coins are not limited really in what assets that they can represent. Cryptocurrencies are not so flexible, though a cryptocurrency can be designed to represent other assets (Ripple is such a cryptocurrency).

Colored coins are defined in terms of Bitcoin today. That could change in the future. The main exception would be Ripple which acts very much like colored coins (i.e. they facilitate the exchange of assets using the power of cryptocurrencies). Yet Ripple is literally its own cryptocurrency.

In the end, what is a colored coin and what isn’t is a matter of definitions. If you are interested in trading colored coins purely to exploit the changing values of the various colored coins vs other colored coins and other cryptocurrencies, then the difference between colored coins and alternate cryptocurrencies may be uninteresting to you. Because you are just interested in the value of the colored coin or cryptocurrency. If you are actually interested in the assets behind the colored coins, then colored coins are very different from Alternate Currencies.

Notable International and Merchant Exchanges

EGOPAY.COM

EgoPay is a global payment processor, which enables you to send money to your friends or family members, fund Forex or Crypto-currency accounts, shop online. As a merchant you can reach international companies. It is notable that the service is not available to I.P. Addresses in the United States or U.S. Citizens, but if you are out of this jurisdiction, you can buy unlimited amounts of Bitcoin .

Bitpay.com

This services enables merchants to accept Bitcoin at the point of sale and then mitigate or manage the value against their local currency, such as the dollar.

Settlement payments happen automatically, every business day. BitPay collects and deposits all payments processed from the previous business day directly to your bank or Bitcoin wallet, according to your settlement preferences.

Bitcoin China

Founded in 2011, BTC China is the world’s oldest Bitcoin exchange, and a market-leading innovator of the new digital era. Under its portfolio are a number of mobile and desktop products including Picasso Mobile Wallet, Mobile Exchange and the BTC China Trader. The first Chinese Bitcoin startup to be VC-funded, it raised $5 million in Series A from Lightspeed China partners in September 2013. Currently, through its exchanges, BTC China offers trading of BTC/CNY, LTC/CNY, and LTC/BTC pairs, and has plans for aggressive international expansion.

BTC China is proud to officially launch USD and HKD deposits and withdrawals, becoming the first Chinese exchange to support three fiat currencies. After an invite-only period, BTC China is thrilled to expand this service to all of its International Account Holders. During this trial stage, BTC China collected several million USD worth of deposits. This service will be processed via its registered Hong Kong affiliate.

Bitcoin Investment Trust

The Bitcoin Investment Trust (BIT) is a private, open-ended trust that is invested exclusively in Bitcoin and derives its value solely from the price of Bitcoin . It enables investors to gain exposure to the price movement of Bitcoin without the challenges of buying, storing, and safekeeping Bitcoin s.

The Bitcoin Investment Trust is designed for sophisticated investors looking for exposure to Bitcoin in a simple investment vehicle. The BIT addresses the confusing and cumbersome experience of buying, storing and safekeeping large quantities of Bitcoin s as an investment.

Launched in 2013, the BIT is sponsored by Alternative Currency Asset Management (ACAM), a wholly-owned subsidiary of SecondMarket Holdings, Inc. (custodian and administrator) and an affiliate of SecondMarket, Inc. (marketing and distribution partner and authorized participant). ACAM has engaged leading service providers Ernst & Young (auditor), Sidley Austin LLP (legal counsel), Continental Stock Transfer & Trust (transfer and administrative agent), and Corporation Service Company (trustee).

Exante

EXANTE is an investment services company that offers global multi-asset brokerage services on a wide range of financial markets, such as in the US, EU and Asia and specializes in providing Direct Market Access (DMA).

What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin or BTC is a virtual currency of the Bitcoin system, a decentralized electronic cash system that uses peer-to-peer networking, digital signatures and cryptographic proof so as to enable users to conduct irreversible transactions without relying on trust.

What is Bitcoin Fund? The Bitcoin fund is registered in Bermuda. Similar to Exchange Traded Funds, the Bitcoin Fund objective is to purchase and store Bitcoins; 1 Fund Unit = 1 Bitcoin. The investment objective of the Fund is to achieve capital gains in the Net Asset Value of the Fund Shares. The fund currently manages a portfolio of 90,000 Bitcoin s and has achieved a phenomenal +1000% return in its short 3-month history.

As an investor, or anyone with a high net worth, or running a business, this information is absolutely essential if you intend to compete and succeed. Knowing how to use cryptographic currency and the blockchain technology is much like having good business credit and a merchant account forty years ago if you are serious about succeeding in business. And for those with a new windfall, it is just as important to have the same considerations for wealth preservation and asset allocation as if you were running a business, whether or not you like to consider yourself “retired”. Becoming rich simply creates a new vocation for yourself if you intend to be serious about keeping your wealth and expanding your net worth.

NET METERING & FEED-IN-TARIFF PLANS

Let’s begin with your home. Here is a list of changes you can make that will immediately reduce the load of your power consumption. You can do one or more and see dramatic results.

Reduce the Load

  1. Install a Radiant Barrier System in the Attic

  2. Replace lighting with LED Lighting for all fixtures

  3. Add / Replace / Upgrade Insulation, replace worn seals around doors and windows

  4. Install Low Emissivity Windows

  5. Double Water Heater Volume, build passive solar heating system, insulate heavily

  6. Replace Dryer with Hydronic Dryer (safemate) or drying room / rack / clothes line with desiccant and dehumidifier that you design for your space

  7. Replace Central AC Units and air handlers with ductless wall units

  8. Replace dishwasher with cabinets or shelving

  9. Replace Range/Oven with two-level Stone or Cement Counter Top and Induction Cooktop and Infrared Oven

  10. Use wood fired grill, biomass briquettes, or solar oven more frequently for meals

  11. Replace toilets with high efficiency or composting brands (Biolet®)

  12. Install Aluminum Pipe Solar Air Heating System when heating air during daylight hours

  13. Install separate breaker box for high load appliances, dryer, refrigerator/freezer, with battery bank, and renewable energy generator (list of options)

  14. Upgrade to more efficient fixtures and appliances

  15. Geothermal radiant floor heating system with PEX tubing

Increase Power Generation via renewable systems

1. Battery Bank, Controller / Inverter

2. Magnetic Generator

3. Photovoltaic Panels

4. Wind Turbine, BlueEnergy Solar PV Wind Turbine, Energy Ball

5. borosilicate evacuated tube array for water heating, or use black metal tank or PVC pipe system in sunlight

Gas Engine Car/Truck

There is a simple way to significantly improve the combustion in normally-aspirated gasoline engines. It requires a Dremel tool to cut a groove of specific dimensions, around 1/8 inch deep, in the throttle body. The modification takes about an hour and is reversible through epoxy. It shouldn’t affect the vehicle’s warranty. Somehow, the air turbulence that is set up by that groove has the effect of increasing horsepower, torque, and mileage, while decreasing emissions. Perhaps it is another manifestation of the famous Schauberger effect.

Simulation of air passing by the grooves, http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Gadgetman_Groove

The mileage increase is typically between 25 and 35 percent, though some reports are much higher than that; and a few show little, if any change. So far, it seems that older cars achieve better improvement than newer cars, because the computerized controls of the newer cars usually tend to work against the effect. Approximately 85% of the vehicles that have been modified with this groove have had mileage gains in excess of 20%. So far, the best results apparently have been found on 1996 – 2004 Fords.

Be sure all hoses and engine are sealed. Cap off PCV Valve, carve out 1/8” groove in 160° arc within throttle body using Dremel 100, increase spark plug gap by 20%, 40% or 60%, or until the gap is too great. Use “Gadget Man Groove” as reference. Tesla Universal Battery Rejuvinator to restore batteries without ever having to replace them. (this is somewhat like a desulfator)

Feed-in Tariff scheme

This is an example of the “feed-in-tariff” program in the U.K. There is another very successful one in Germany, but we don’t need the government’s involvement, we can produce surplus energy and manage it in a decentralized way at a profit.

If you install an electricity-generating technology from a renewable or low-carbon source such as solar PV or wind turbine, the UK Government’s Feed-in Tariffs scheme (FITs) could mean that you get money from your energy supplier.

You can be paid for the electricity you generate, even if you use it yourself, and for any surplus electricity you export to the grid. And of course you’ll also save money on your electricity bill, because you’ll be using your own electricity.

About Feed-in Tariffs

Feed-in Tariffs were introduced on 1 April 2010 and replaced UK government grants as the main financial incentive to encourage uptake of renewable electricity-generating technologies. Most domestic technologies qualify for the scheme, including:

  • solar electricity (PV) (roof mounted or stand alone)
  • wind turbines (building mounted or free standing)
  • hydroelectricity
  • anaerobic digesters
  • micro combined heat and power (CHP).

The UK Government’s Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) makes the key decisions on FITs in terms of government policy. The energy regulator Ofgem administers the scheme.

Your energy supplier will make the FITs payments to you. The large energy suppliers are required by law to provide them; smaller suppliers are not, but many have opted to offer them anyway. Visit Ofgem for a list of FITs-licensed suppliers.

For you to qualify for FITs, the installer and the products you use must both be certified under the Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS), except hydro and anaerobic digestion which have to go through the ROO-FIT process. The tariffs you receive depend on both the eligibility date and, for solar PV, your property’s Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating. 

Eligibility dates

The eligibility date is the date from which an installation becomes eligible for FITs payments. For most renewable electricity systems (with a declared net capacity of 50kW or less), this will be the date your FIT supplier receives a valid application for FITs. This will be after the date on which your renewable electricity system is installed, so it’s essential to send your application to your FIT supplier promptly – for absolute certainty, use Royal Mail’s Special Delivery.

We recommend that you contact your FIT supplier (also known as the FIT licensee) as soon as possible to confirm the requirements below and make sure you know exactly what information they require from you and when they need to receive it by. Please note that you will only be paid for what you generate based on the meter reading on the eligibility date. This is likely to be a later date than when the system was commissioned so units generated before the eligibility date may not be paid. You should check this with your FIT licensee before system is commissioned.

When to add solar panels

The rules are slightly different for an extension. If you add solar panels to an existing system, the eligibility date for the new panels is always the date they were commissioned, not the date that you send your revised claim in. This is particularly important if you want to claim the higher rate by submitting an EPC. The EPC must be dated before the commissioning date or you will not get the higher rate.

If you are eligible to receive FITs you will benefit in three ways:

  • Generation tariff: your energy supplier will pay you a set rate for each unit (or kWh) of electricity you generate. Once your system has been registered, the tariff levels are guaranteed for the period of the tariff (up to 20 years) and are index-linked.

  • Export tariff: you will get a further 4.77p/kWh from your energy supplier for each unit you export back to the electricity grid, so you can sell any electricity you generate but don’t use yourself. This rate is the same for all technologies. At some stage smart meters will be installed to measure what you export, but until then it is estimated as being 50 per cent of the electricity you generate (only systems above 30kWp need to have an export meter fitted, and a domestic system is unlikely to be that big).

  • Energy bill savings: you will be making savings on your electricity bills because generating electricity to power your appliances means you don’t have to buy as much electricity from your energy supplier. The amount you save will vary depending how much of the electricity you use on site.

Tariff rates

Once you are receiving Feed-in Tariffs, the rate you get will increase in line with inflation in accordance with the Retail Price Index (RPI). The tables below summarise the latest tariffs available for each technology. For the full list of tariff rates visit Ofgem.


Summary of solar PV tariffs

Total installed capacity (kW) Generation tariff with eligibility date or after 1 October 2014 and before 31 December 2014 Lower tariff (if EPC requirement not met) with eligibility date on or after 1 October 2014 and before 31 December 2014
<4kW (new build and retrofit) 14.38p/kWh 6.38p/kWh
>4-10kW 13.03p/kWh 6.38p/kWh
>10-50kW 12.13p/kWh 6.38p/kWh
stand-alone 6.38p/kWh 6.38p/kWh


For solar PV:

  • Evidence of property’s EPC rating will be required when applying for FITs. If no evidence showing the EPC has a band D or higher then the lower rate will apply.
  • The export tariff for solar PV is currently 4.77p/kWh.
  • The tariff period (lifetime) is now 20 years.
  • The tariffs are to be reviewed every three months and will be revised according to deployment rates.

For a site-specific calculation and bespoke report showing how much you could earn through Feed-in Tariffs for solar PV, try our Solar Energy Calculator

Summary of hydro, wind and micro CHP tariffs

Technology Tariff band (kW capacity) 1 October to 31 March 2015
Hydro <15 19.01p/kWh
>15 to <100 17.75p/kWh
Wind <1.5 16.00p/kWh
>1.5 to <15 16.00p/kWh
>15 to <100 16.00p/kWh
Micro-CHP <2kW 13.24p/kWh

For hydro, wind and micro-CHP:

  • Evidence of property’s EPC rating is not required for these technologies.
  • The export rate is 4.77p/kWh.
  • The tariff period is 20 years for hydro and wind, 10 years for micro-CHP.
  • Microhydro (<50kW) accreditation has to go through the ROO-FIT process not MCS.
  • The definition of ‘hydro generating station’ has been extended to include small tidal projects.
  • A degression mechanism for wind and hydro technologies (micro-CHP not included) will become effective from 1 April 2014 (baseline 5%, though this will depend on previous deployment rates).

For a site-specific calculation showing how much you could earn through Feed-in Tariffs for hydro, wind and solar, try our Cashback Calculator

Registering for FITs

Once your chosen installer has installed your generating technology, take these steps to register for FITs:

Ask your installer to register you on the central MCS database. The installer will then send you a certificate confirming MCS compliance.

Tell your chosen FIT supplier that you wish to register for the FIT and send them:

  • a completed application form
  • the MCS certificate
  • for solar PV, the Energy Performance Certificate that shows your home has an energy efficiency rating band D or better.

Your FIT supplier will:

  • cross-reference your installation with the MCS database and undertake other eligibility checks
  • confirm your eligibility and the date you are eligible for payments from
  • add you to the Ofgem Central FIT Register, which records all installations in the FIT scheme
  • agree with you if and when you will need to provide meter readings and when they will make FIT payments to you – these will form part of your statement of FIT terms.

NET METERING ENERGY AUDIT TOOLS

Pinless Moisture Psychrometer

InfraRed Thermometer, with Laser Pointer for Non Contact Surface Temperature Measurement

Mini Thermo Anemometer, with Infrared Thermometer

Portable Indoor Air Quality CO2 Meter

Datalogger

BR200 Video Borescope

Wireless Inspection Camera with MicroSD Memory Card & PC Cable to Analyze Data

Heavy Duty Hard Carrying Case